Shevchenko National Prize
|Shevchenko National Prize|
|Awarded for||...the most remarkable works of literature and arts, publicity and journalism...|
|Country||Ukrainian SSR / Ukraine|
|Presented by||Government of Ukrainian SSR / President of Ukraine|
Shevchenko National Prize (Ukrainian: Націона́льна пре́мія Украї́ни і́мені Тараса́ Шевче́нка; also Shevchenko Award) is the highest state prize of Ukraine for works of culture and arts awarded since 1961. It is named after the inspirer of Ukrainian national revival Taras Shevchenko. It is one of the five state prizes of Ukraine that are awarded for achievements in various fields.
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In May 1961 the Soviet Union was honoring on a large scale the memory of Ukrainian Kobzar Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko. A century from the day of his death became the reason for conducting festive events not only in Ukraine, but throughout the Soviet Union.
Thus, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union used the people's love for the great poet with goals of propaganda for "successes of Lenin National Policy" (such as the Declaration of the Rights of the Peoples of Russia), but it had to consider the national sentiments of Ukrainian people. Such atmosphere contributed to that on May 20, 1961 the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR issued a resolution "About establishing annual Shevchenko Republican Prize". At the same time there was adopted the Provision on prizes and examples of honoring badges with diplomas for laureates; also there was established a government committee headed by Oleksiy Korniychuk, which consisted along with the party's officials prominent figures of Ukrainian culture. It was awarded to the prominent performers of literature, arts, music, theater, cinematography, architecture, and others.
As of April 23, 1969 the award was renamed the Shevchenko State Prize of Ukrainian SSR. By the order of the President of Ukraine #800/2000 on June 22, 2000 the award became known as the Shevchenko National Prize.
From 1962 to 2007 the award was given to 566 people and eight collective ensembles.
Statute of the Award
The National Prize is awarded annually by the order of the President of Ukraine. There are up to five prizes in the following nominations:
- Literature (fiction or artistic literature)
- Literature (non-fiction or documentary and scientifically critical literature)
- Journalism and narrative journalism
- Performing Arts (theatrical, musical, others)
- Other Arts (folk and visual)
A special committee is elected to organize a concourse in three stages. Once decided the names of the candidates are forwarded to the State Committee of Awards and Heraldry that petitions them to the President.
The Awarded are paid by the Committee of amount size of which is identified annually by the President. The monetary award of the Prize for 2009 was ₴160,000 for each prize. For comparison, in 2008 the Prize money amounted to ₴130,000 which was equivalent to $25,000+. The first award in 1962 was given along with 2,500 Soviet rubles. The monetary award of the Prize in 2010 was confirmed at ₴130,000 which by 40,000 less than the last year (implying that it was ₴170,000). The Party of Regions spokesperson Hanna Herman commented that the funds were awarded only that one that were already on the Shevchenko's Fund. Shevchenko lived modestly, lived in need, and to buy him out of serfdom the Russian Intelligentsia collected 2,500 rubles - she added.
The works that seek the National Prize are presented by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Ukraine, the Ukrainian National Academy of Science, the Ukrainian Academy of Arts, the Ukrainian artistic unions, and the Ukrainian literally and artistically critical associations. It may be awarded to the citizens of Ukraine as well as with a foreigners.
The literary and artistic works that reached the third stage can be nominated for the second time, but no more than two times. The special committee accepts all the works for the National Prize starting the following year from August 1 to November 1 of the current year. The collective authors of a presented work cannot exceed three persons, no more than five for a collective of performers. The participants that performed any administrative, organizational, or counseling functions cannot be included among the laureates. The National Prize is awarded to an author or a performer only once in the lifetime.
Field of cinematography
During its history the prize was additionally awarded for featured films (until introduction of the Dovzhenko State Prize in 1994).
- 1967 for the film Viper to Viktor Ivchenko (film director)
- 1971 for the film Family of Kotsyubynsky" to Tymofiy Levchuk (as film director), Oleksandr Levada (as script writer) and Oleksandr Hai (as featured actor)
- 1973 for the documentary Soviet Ukraine to Alexander Kosinov (film director), Ihor Pysanko (camera), Mykhailo Tkach (scriptwriter)
- 1975 for the feature film To the last minute to Valeriy Isakov (director), Vladimir Belyayev (script writer), Vladislav Dvorzhetsky (featured actor) and Valeriya Zaklunna (featured actress)
- 1977 for the films Only «Old Men» Are Going to Battle and Aty-Baty, soldiers chanted to Leonid Bykov (actor)
- 1978 for the documentary cinema-trilogy Soviet Ukraine. Years of struggle and victories. to Ihor Hrabovsky (script writer and director), Volodymyr Shevchenko (director), Ihor Malyshevsky (script and diction texts writer)
- 1979 for the film Reapers (1978) to Volodymyr Denysenko (film director)
- 1980 for the public television documentary Revival, from the book by then-Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev to script authors Albert Putintsev and Volodymyr Barsuk, cinematographers Oleksandr Buzylevych and Viktor Kushch, and anchorman Vyacheslav Tikhonov
- 1982 for the film The Gadfly to Mykola Mashchenko (film director), Sergei Bondarchuk (for role of Cardinal Montanelli), Andrei Kharitonov (leading actor)
- 1985 for the film Troubled skies of Spain to Arnoldo Ibañez-Fernandez (film director), Volodymyr Kukorenchuk (cinematographer), Boris Dobrodeyev and Nikolai Shishlin (script authors)
- 1986 for the films The night is short and How young we were to Mykhailo Belikov (director and script writer), Oleksiy Levchenko (artistic director) and Vasyl Trushkovsky (camera)
- 1986 for the documentaries Army commanders of industry, Commanding corps and Strategy of science to Anton Komarnytsky and Ihor Sabeknykov (script writers), Valentyn Sperkach (film director), Yuri Stakhovsky (cinema) and Ihor Poklad (composer)
- 1987 for the film Star of Vavilov to Anatoliy Borsyuk (film director), Serhiy Dyachenko (script writer), Oleksandr Frolov (camera)
- 1988 for cartoon series "about the Zaporizhian Cossacks" to Anatoliy Havrylov (cinematography), Volodymyr Dakhno (film director) and Eduard Kirych (character artist)
- 1988 for numerous roles in several films to Ivan Mykolaichuk (actor, posthumously)
- 1989 for the cinema-trilogy Chornobyl: two colors of time to Ihor Kobryn (film director), Yuri Bordakov (camera), Leonid Muzhuk and Khem Salhanyk (script writers)
- 1991 for the film Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors (1964) to Sergei Parajanov (film director, posthumously), Yuri Ilienko (camera), Larysa Kadochnykova (actress) and Heorhiy Yakutovych (artist)
- 1991 for the documentaries Open yourself, Taras and In front of an icon to Rolan Serhiyenko (film director), Volodymyr Kostenko (posthumously) and Mykola Shudrya (script writers) and Oleksandr Koval (camera)
Before introduction of the State Prize of Ukraine in Architecture in 1991, the Schevchenko National Prize was awarded for architecture as well:
- 1971 for Palace "Ukraine" (Kiev) to Yevhenia Marynchenko and Petro Zhylytsky
- 1972 for monument "Battle of Glory of the Soviet forces" (Lviv) to Myron Vendzilovych (architect), Dmytro Krvavych (sculptor), Yaroslav Motyka (sculptor), Oleksandr Pirozhkov (artist-monumentalist)
- 1973 for monument "Ukraine for liberators" (Luhansk Oblast) to Heorhiy Holovchenko (architect), Ivan Minko (architect), Anatoliy Yehorov (architect), Ivan Chumak (sculptor), Vasyl Fedchenko (sculptor), Viktor Mukhin (sculptor), Ilya Ovcharenko (sculptor)
- 1974 for monument of Lesya Ukrainka (Kiev) to Anatoliy Ihnashchenko (architect) and Halyna Kalchenko (sculptor)
- 1975 for sculpture portraits of his contemporaries (Korotchenko, Rylsky, Filatov) to Oleksandr Kovaliov
- 1977 for monument commemorating the declaration of the Soviet government in Ukraine (Kharkiv) to Ihor Alfyorov (architect), Anatoliy Maksymenko (architect), Mykhailo Ovsyakin (architect), Serhiy Svetlorusov (architect), Eryk Cherkasov (architect), Vasyl Ahibalov (sculptor), Yakov Ryk (sculptor)
- 1978 for creation of the Crimea Oblast Music and Drama Theater (Simferopol) to Saniya Afzametdinova (architect), Ernest Bykov (architect), Vitaliy Yudin (architect)
- 1978 for monument to the soldiers of the 1st Cavalry Army (Lviv Oblast) to Valentyn Borysenko (sculptor)
- 1979 for Complex of the Dnipropetrovsk Historical Museum in the name of D.Yavornytsky (Dnipropetrovsk) to Volodymyr Zuyev (architect and author of the complex reconstruction), Ahrypina Vatchenko (architect), Mykola But (diorama author Battle for Dnieper), Volodymyr Korotkov (museum interior author), Mykola Oviechkin (diorama author Battle for Dnieper), Vitaliy Prokuda (diorama scientific concept author Battle for Dnieper), Volodymyr Ryvin (museum interior author)
- 1980 for Silvery residential quarters (Lviv) to Yaroslav Kornilyev (engineer-constructor), Liudmila Nivina (architect), Zinoviy Podlesny (architect), Serhiy Zemyankin (architect)
- 1981 for Museum of shipbuilding and fleet (Mykolaiv) to Eduard Shorin (project director), Tamara Huselnykova (architect-restaurateur), Viktor Ivanov (engineer-constructor), Leonid Keranchuk (builder), Mykhailo Oziorny (artist), Viktor Semerniov (artist), Yuri Steshyn (artist), Liudmila Khlopinska (scientific consultant), Halyna Cherednychenko (scientific consultant)
- 1981 for Sumy Theater of Drama and Music Comedy in the name of M. Shchepkin to Stepan Slipets (director), Mykhailo Lushpa (architect), Iryna Petrova (engineer-constructor), Andriy Chornodid (architect)
- 1982 for creation of Music and Drama Theater in the name of Ivan Franko using the folklore motives (Ivano-Frankivsk) to Leonid Sandler (architect), Dmytro Sosnovy (architect), Vasyl Vilshuk (sculptor), Vasyl Lukashko (carver), Anton Ovchar (red-tree carpenter), Volodymyr Shevchuk (artist)
- 1983 for building and improvement of the city of Verkhnodniprovsk (Dnipropetrovsk Oblast) to Anatoliy Antonov (architect), Mykhailo Butenko (ground director), Mykola Lutsenko (architect), Oleksandr Moliverov (architect), Anatoliy Pidvezko (architect), Heorhiy Ratushny (architect), (Vasyl Streltsov) (ground director)
- 1983 for restoration of Mariyinsky Palace (Kiev) to Anatoliy Yavorsky (engineer, director of creative collective), Vadym Hlybchenko (technical architect), Iryna Ivanenko (critic), Yevhen Kulikov (sculptor), Lev Novikov (architect), Arkady Khabinsky (engineer), Vitaly Shkliar (architect)
- 1983 for high relief "In a family of one" to Vasyl Svida
- 1984 for hotel complex "Hradetsky" (Chernihiv) to Valentyn Shtolko (architect, group leader), Alla Hrachiova (architect), Oleksandr Kabatsky (architect), Ihor Liubenko (architect), Volodymyr Ralchenko (architect), Volodymyr Sloboda (engineer-constructor)
- 1985 for architecture and artistic design of the Kiev affiliation of Central Lenin museum (Kiev) to Valery Barulenkov (civil engineer), Anatoliy Haydamaka (artist), Vadym Hopkalo (architect), Vadym Hrechyna (architect), Volodymyr Kolomiyets (architect), Vitaliy Miahkov (artist), Leonid Filenko (architect)
- 1985 for monument to the heroes of the Horlivka military uprising of 1905 (Donetsk Oblast) to Yevhen Horban (sculptor)
- 1985 for complex of the Republican Scientifically Methodical Center of mother and child health protection to Dmytro Popenko (architect, group director), Leonid Los (architect), Iryna Pukhova (engineer-constructor)
- 1986 for architecture in the village of Vuzlove (Lviv Oblast) to Ivan-Volodymyr Karpliuk (builder), Viktor Marchenko (architect), Ivan Oksentiuk (architect), Yosyp Parubochy (agronomist-landscaper), Vasyl Skuratovsky (architect), Andriy Shuliar (architect)
- 1987 for regional museum (Cherkasy) to Oleksiy Dubovy (science consultant), Oleksandra Stetsenko (design engineer), Leonid Kondratsky, Mykola Sobchuk, Serhiy Fursenko (architects)
- 1989 for creation of the Historical-Cultural Preservation in Pereyaslav-Khmelnytsky (Kiev Oblast) to Mykhailo Sikorsky
- Shota Rustaveli State Prize — similar prize of Georgia.
- Cross of Ivan Mazepa
- List of things named after Taras Shevchenko
- Shevchenko's Laureates. 1962—2001: Encyclopedic handbook / Editor Mykola Labinsky. — Kiev: Krynytsia, 2001. — 696 p. (Appendix — 12 p.).
- Shevchenko's Laureates. 1962—2007: Encyclopedic handbook / Editor Mykola Labinsky. — 2nd edition. — Kiev: Krynytsia, 2007. — 768 p.
- Donets, H.P. Shevchenko State prizes of the Ukrainian SSR // Shevchenko dictionary. Volume 1 / Shevchenko Institute of Literature of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. — Kiev: Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia, 1978. — P. 188.
- Shevchenko's award or Shevchenko National Prize of Ukraine // Encyclopedia of Literary Studies / Editor Yuriy Kovaliv. — Volume 2. — Kiev: Akademiya, 2007. — P. 583—584.
- Art creators of Luhansk region – laureates of the State prize[dead link]. Gorki Luhansk Oblast Universal Scientific Library, 2006
- Klymenko, T., Martyniuk, A. Thought. Work. Reward: Scientific bibliographic index. Franko Zhytomyr State University, 2011.
- Poroshenko hand out the Shevchenko prizes. Photo. Ukrinform. 7 November 2014
- Presidential Order of March 2, 2009 Archived May 29, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (in Ukrainian)
- UNIAN March 9, 2010 (in Ukrainian)