Mary Stone (doctor)

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Mary Stone
From a 1918 publication
Born(1873-05-01)1 May 1873
Jiujiang, China
Died30 December 1954(1954-12-30) (aged 81)
Pasadena, California, United States
Other namesShi Meiyu (Chinese: 石美玉)
Alma materUniversity of Michigan, Ann Arbor (MD)

Mary Stone (May 1, 1873 – 30 December 1954), also known as Shi Meiyu (Chinese: 石美玉), was a doctor of medicine graduated from the University of Michigan.[1] She founded the Women and Children's Hospital in Jiujiang.


Stone was born on May 1, 1873 to a Chinese Christian family[2] in Jiujiang, where she spent her childhood. She attended Rulison-Fish Memorial School, established by American missionary Gertrude Howe, in Jiujiang for ten years.[2]

In 1892, she was brought to Ann Arbor, Michigan by Gertrude Howe, together with Ida Kahn, for professional training in the west, where she and Kahn became "not only the first Asians to earn degrees at the University of Michigan, but they were also among the very first Chinese women ever to become Western-trained physicians" [1] in 1896.

In the Fall of 1896, she and Ida Kahn returned to Jiangxi, China. Two years later, with donations from Dr. I. N. Danforth of Chicago, they established Elizabeth Skelton Danforth Hospital in Jiujiang, named after Dr. Danforth's wife, which later became the Jiujiang Women and Children's Hospital.[1]

Stone was not only well known as a medical professional, but also for her Christian missionary work. Between 1920 and 1937, she was involved in starting multiple hospitals, schools and churches in China.[2] In particular, she partnered with the former American Methodist Episcopal missionary Jennie V. Hughes and established the Bethel Mission in Shanghai in 1920, which would later be the basis for Andrew Gih's Bethel Worldwide Evangelistic Band.[3]

She returned to California after World War II, where she later died on December 30, 1954, in Pasadena at the age of 81.[2]


  1. ^ a b c Tobin, James. "The New Women of China". Medicine at Michigan, Fall'10, Volume 12, Number 3. University of Michigan. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d Li, Yading. "Shi Meiyu (Mary Stone) 1873 ~ 1954". Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Christianity. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  3. ^ Lian Xi (2010). Redeemed by Fire: The Rise of Popular Christianity in Modern China. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. pp. 131–141. ISBN 978-0300123395.

Further reading[edit]

"The Middle Kingdom's Miracle Maiden's" by Stanley Crawford