Shi Quan Da Bu Wan

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Shi Quan Da Bu Wan, also known as Shiquan Dabu teapills (simplified Chinese: 十全大补丸; traditional Chinese: 十全大補丸; pinyin: shíquán dàbǔ wán), is a Chinese classic herbal formula. In Japanese kampo, it is known as "Jūzen-daiho-tō" (十全大補湯 じゅうぜんだいほとう) (it is also known as Kampo #48). It is commonly made into Chinese patent medicine. It is composed of two famous formulas which tonify the blood (si wu wan) and the qi (si jun zi wan) plus the addition of huang qi and rou gui.

Variations[edit]

The formula was published in the "Tai Ping Imperial Grace Formulary" (tài píng huì mín hé jì jú fāng, T: 太平惠民和劑局方, S: 太平惠民和剂局方) in 992CE. [1]

There are many variations of the formula proportions. Each maker of Chinese patent medicine changes the proportions of the herbs slightly. The proportions in the Japanese kampo formula are standardized, however. Some herbs may be changed also. For example, rén shēn (ginseng root) may be replaced with dǎng shēn ("poor man's ginseng").

The formula was also changed slightly when it was borrowed as a Japanese kampo formula. Some Chinese species of herbs were replaced with herbs found in Japan. For example, bái zhú (Atractylodes macrocephala) was replaced with cāng zhú (Atractylodes lancea).

Chinese classic herbal formula[edit]

Name Common Name Pinyin Chinese (T) Chinese (S) Katakana Kanji Genus species
Astragali Radix astragalus root huáng qí 黃蓍 黄芪 オウギ 黄耆 Astragalus membranaceus
Cinnamomi Cortex Chinese cinnamon bark ròu guì 肉桂 肉桂 ケイヒ 桂皮 Cinnamomum cassia
Rehmanniae Radix Chinese foxglove root shú dì huáng 熟地黃 熟地黄 ジオウ 地黄 Rehmannia glutinosa
Paeoniae Radix Chinese peony root sháo yào 芍藥 芍药 シャクヤク 芍薬 Paeonia lactiflora
Ligustici Rhizoma ligusticum rhizome chuān xiōng 川芎 川芎 センキュウ 川芎 Ligusticum wallichii
Angelicae Radix Chinese angelica root dāng guī 當歸 当归 トウキ 当帰 Angelica sinensis
Panacis Ginseng Radix ginseng root rén shēn 人參 人参 ニンジン 人参 Panax ginseng
Poria tuckahoe mushroom fú líng 茯苓 茯苓 ブクリョウ 茯苓 Poria cocos
Atractylodis Rhizoma white atractylodes rhizome bái zhú 白朮 白术 ビャクジュツ 白朮 Atractylodes macrocephala
Glycyrrhizae Radix Chinese liquorice root gān cǎo 甘草 甘草 カンゾウ 甘草 Glycyrrhiza uralensis

Japanese kampo formula[edit]

Name Common name Pinyin Chinese (T) Chinese (S) Katakana Kanji Genus species Grams %
Astragali Radix astragalus root huáng qí 黃蓍 黄芪 オウギ 黄耆 Astragalus membranaceus 3.0 10.5%
Cinnamomi Cortex Chinese cinnamon bark ròu guì 肉桂 肉桂 ケイヒ 桂皮 Cinnamomum cassia 3.0 10.5%
Rehmanniae Radix Chinese foxglove root shú dì huáng 熟地黃 熟地黄 ジオウ 地黄 Rehmannia glutinosa 3.0 10.5%
Paeoniae Radix Chinese peony root sháo yào 芍藥 芍药 シャクヤク 芍薬 Paeonia lactiflora 3.0 10.5%
Cnidii Rhizoma cnidium root she chuang zi 川芎 川芎 センキュウ 川芎 Cnidium officinale 3.0 10.5%
Atractylodis Lanceae Rhizoma atractylodes rhizome cāng zhú 蒼朮 苍术 ソウジュツ 蒼朮 Atractylodes lancea 3.0 10.5%
Angelicae Radix Chinese angelica root dāng guī 當歸 当归 トウキ 当帰 Angelica acutiloba 3.0 10.5%
Panacis Ginseng Radix ginseng root rén shēn 人參 人参 ニンジン 人参 Panax ginseng 3.0 10.5%
Poria tuckahoe mushroom fú líng 茯苓 茯苓 ブクリョウ 茯苓 Poria cocos 3.0 10.5%
Glycyrrhizae Radix Chinese liquorice root gān cǎo 甘草 甘草 カンゾウ 甘草 Glycyrrhiza uralensis 1.5 5.5%

See also[edit]

External links[edit]