Shi Yousan

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Shi Yousan
Shi Yousan
DiedDecember 12, 1940
OccupationKMT general
Known forKnown as the "Defector General"

Shi Yousan (Chinese: ; pinyin: Shí Yŏusān) (1891 – December 12, 1940) was a KMT general who defected to, and subsequently betrayed, Feng Yuxiang, Chiang Kai-shek, Wang Jingwei, Zhang Xueliang, the CPC and Japan, in that order.

In 1928, his troops set fire to the Shaolin Monastery, burning it for over 40 days, destroying 90 percent of the buildings including many manuscripts of the temple library.[1]

While leading the 39th Army Group, he planned to defect to the Japanese, but before he could do so he was kidnapped and killed by his sworn brother and subordinate Gao Shuxun, who later gained command of this unit.

For his many betrayals and defections he is known as the "Defector General" (Chinese: ; pinyin: Dǎo Jiāng Jūn) or as Shi Sanfan (Chinese: ; pinyin: Shí sānfān, "Shi who turns coat three times").[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gene Ching., Bak Sil Lum vs. Shaolin Temple].
  2. ^ D. Lary (2006): Treachery, Disgrace and Death: Han Fuju and China's Resistance to Japan", War in History, 13 (1) 65-90 (footnote 8 on p. 70)