Shiban

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Shiban
Khan of the Ulus of Jochi
Battle of Mohi 1241.PNG
Shiban was a belligerent during the Battle of Mohi.
Predecessor Batu Khan
Died Eurasia
House Borjigin
Dynasty Mongol Empire
Father Jochi Khan

Shiban (Sheiban) or Shayban was one of the Left Wing princes. He was Jöchi's fifth son and a grandson of Genghis Khan. Because he had not reached his majority when his father died in 1227, he did not receive any lands at that time.

Mongol invasion of Europe[edit]

Shiban participated the Mongol invasion of Europe and made decisive attack on the army of Béla IV at the Battle of Mohi in 1241.[citation needed]

Territorial grants by the Golden Horde[edit]

Abulghazi says that after this campaign, Batu gave Shiban, lands east of the Ural Mountains on the lower parts of the Syr Darya, Chu, and Sari Suers as winter quarters and the lands of the Ural River flowing off the east side of the Urals, north and east of the Volga, as summer quarters. Shiban was also given 15,000 families as a gift from his brother Orda, as well as the four Uruks of the Kuchis, the Naimans, the Karluks, and the Buiruks, while he assigned him as a camping ground all the country lying between that of his brother Orda Ichin and his own.[1] Thus Shiban's lands were somewhat between Batu's and Orda's, and in the northern part of the White Horde's territory.[citation needed]

Descendants[edit]

Although, it is unknown how long he lived, his descendants continued to rule long after the breakup of the Ulus of Jochi (Golden Horde). It is merely said that he left twelve sons, namely, Bainal or Yasal, Behadur, Kadak, Balagha, Cherik or Jerik, Mergen or Surkhan, Kurtugha or Kultuka, Ayachi or Abaji, Sailghan or Sasiltan, Beyanjar or Bayakachar, Majar, and Kunchi or Kuwinji.[2][3] Shiban's descendants are known as the Shaybanids; his male line continues down to the present time.[citation needed]

One of Shiban's sons, Balagha Bey (Prince Balagha) assisted Hulagu Khan in taking Baghdad in 1258.[4] However, he died in unknown circumstances.[citation needed]

Legacy[edit]

According to William of Rubruck, he killed his cousin Güyük Khan in a violent brawl.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Abhulgazi, $5 pp.23
  2. ^ Abhulgazi, $5 p., 191.
  3. ^ Ud. Von Hammer, Golden Horde. Table. J Golden Horde, 303.
  4. ^ "The Mongol's besiege and capture Baghdad in 1258" De Re Militari: The Society for Medieval Military History

References[edit]

  • Grousset, R. The Empire of the Steppes, New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1970 (translated by Naomi Walford from the French edition published by Payot, 1970), pp. 478–490 et passim.