Shibli al-Aysami

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Shibli al-Aysami
Shibli al-Aysami.jpg
Vice President of Syria
In office
28 December 1965 – 23 February 1966
President Amin al-Hafiz
Preceded by Nureddin al-Atassi
Succeeded by Mahmoud al-Ayyubi
Regional Secretary of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region
In office
5 February 1964 – 4 October 1964
Deputy Secretary General of the National Command of the Iraq-based Ba'ath Party
In office
1974–1979
Personal details
Born Shiblī Yousef Hamad al-Aysamī'
(1925-02-05) 5 February 1925 (age 93)
Imtan, al-Suwayda, Syria
Political party Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party
Iraqi Branch of the Ba'ath Party
Profession Politician

Shiblī Yousef Hamad al-Aysamī (Arabic: شبلي العيسمي‎), alternatively also Shibli-L-Aʾysami, al-Ayasami, al-Ayssami or al-ʿAisamī, (5 February 1925) was a Syrian politician and Arab nationalist figure. He was born to a Druze family in al-Suwayda, Syria. He was kidnapped by unknown persons in Aley, Lebanon and is presumed to be dead.

Political career[edit]

Syria[edit]

In 1947, together with Michel Aflaq, he became a founding member of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party and from 1963 to 1964 he held different ministerial posts in the Syrian government. In 1964 he was elected as General Secretary of the Syrian Regional Command of the Ba'ath Party and in 1965 he became Vice President of Syria under Amin al-Hafiz.

Iraq[edit]

al-Aysami in a suit beside Saddam Hussein in July 1989.

Following the 1966 Syrian coup d'état which resulted in President al-Hafiz being overthrown and the creation of the Syrian-Iraqi rift, al-Aysami, then Vice President of Syria, fled to Iraq. In 1974 the Iraqi Branch of the Ba'ath Party installed a rival National Command of the Ba'ath Party with Michel Aflaq as General Secretary and al-Aysami as his deputy (until 1979).

In 1982 al-Hafiz and al-Aysami, together with Islamist, nationalist and leftist opposition groups founded the Iraqi-backed National Alliance for the Liberation of Syria, but in 1992 al-Aysami retired from political life. He remained in Iraq until the 2003 invasion of Iraq and fled to Egypt, then the United States and Yemen thereafter.

Kidnapping[edit]

Berlin, February 2014: Ba'athist student in front of the Lebanese embassy reminding al-Aysamis's disappearance

In 2011 during a visit to Lebanon he was kidnapped by unknown militants and is presumed dead. His family accused the Syrian government of Bashar al-Assad for the kidnapping. The Syrian government, however, blamed the Lebanese Druze leader Walid Jumblatt.

Personal life[edit]

He was the great uncle of Tareck El Aissami, the former Vice President of Venezuela.[1][2][3]

Bibliography[edit]

Shibli al-Aysami's books about concepts and history of the Ba'ath Party were translated into several languages, for example into German: Einheit, Freiheit, Sozialismus (Unity, Freedom, Socialism) and Die Gründungsperiode in den vierziger Jahren (The founding period in the 1940s)
  • Muhafazat al-Suwayad (1962)
  • La révolution arabe (1971)
  • Arab Unity through experience (Beirut, 1971)
  • Unity, Freedom, Socialism (Madrid, 1976)
  • Arabische Sozialistische Ba'th Partei: Die Gründungsperiode in den vierziger Jahren (Varese, 1977)

Further reading[edit]

  • Itamar Rabinovič: Syria Under the Baʻth, 1963-66 - The Army Party Symbiosis. Tel Aviv/Jerusalem 1972

References[edit]

  1. ^ Perdue, Jon B. (2012). The War of All the People: The Nexus of Latin American Radicalism and Middle Eastern Terrorism (1st ed.). Washington, D.C.: Potomac Books. pp. 160–162. ISBN 1597977047. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  2. ^ "Revelan detalles del polémico perfil de Tareck El Aissami". Diario Las Américas (in Spanish). 11 February 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  3. ^ Gunson, Phil; Adams, David (28 November 2003). "Venezuela Shifts Control of Border". St.Petersburg Times. 

External links[edit]