Shibuya Station

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Shibuya Station

渋谷駅
Shibuya District at Night 2015 (17810219251).jpg
The station's Hachiko exit in August 2015
LocationShibuya, Tokyo
Japan
Coordinates35°39′31″N 139°42′05″E / 35.658514°N 139.70133°E / 35.658514; 139.70133Coordinates: 35°39′31″N 139°42′05″E / 35.658514°N 139.70133°E / 35.658514; 139.70133
Operated by
ConnectionsBus terminal
History
Opened1885
Location
Shibuya Station is located in Special wards of Tokyo
Shibuya Station
Shibuya Station
Location within Special wards of Tokyo
Shibuya Station is located in Japan
Shibuya Station
Shibuya Station
Shibuya Station (Japan)

Shibuya Station (渋谷駅, Shibuya-eki) is a railway station in Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan, operated jointly by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), Keio Corporation, Tokyu Corporation, and Tokyo Metro. With 2.4 million passengers on an average weekday in 2004, it is the fourth-busiest commuter rail station in Japan and the world (after Shinjuku, Ikebukuro, and Ōsaka / Umeda) handling a large amount of commuter traffic between the center city and suburbs to the south and west.[1]

Lines[edit]

JR East[edit]

Private railways[edit]

Subways[edit]

Note that the Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line and Fukutoshin Line are directly connected (without passing through ticket gates), but they are not directly connected to the Ginza Line.

Station layout[edit]

(Hachikō Front Square)

In 2013 and 2014, Shibuya station underwent major renovations as a part of a long-term site redevelopment plan.[2] While all rail and subway lines continued to operate, some station exits and entrances were subject to change. As of March 2013, the east side of the main station was transformed due to the provision of through train services between the Tokyu Toyoko Line and the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line. While much of the main station building, previously housing the Tokyu department store, had been closed and was set for demolition, the west building of the Tokyu department store continued to operate as before. The Shibuya Hikarie building, also owned by the Tokyu Group, opened in 2012 and has featured department store retail, restaurants, and offices.[citation needed]

The Tokyo Metro Ginza Line, originally built and operated by a Tokyu keiretsu company, continues to use platforms on the third floor of the station building. The JR lines are on the second floor in a north-south orientation. The Tokyu Toyoko Line originally used parallel platforms on the second floor of the same building, but effective on 16 March 2013, the Toyoko Line moved underground to provide through service with the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line. The Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line and Tokyu Den-en-Toshi Line share platforms underground in a different part of the station. The Keio Inokashira Line uses platforms on the second floor of the Shibuya Mark City building to the west of the main station complex.[citation needed]

The main JR/Tokyu/Tokyo Metro complex has six exits. The Hachikō Exit (ハチ公口, Hachikō-guchi) on the west side, named for the nearby statue of the dog Hachikō, and adjacent to Shibuya's famous scramble crossing, is a particularly popular meeting spot. The Tamagawa Exit (玉川口, Tamagawa-guchi) on the west side leads to the Keiō Inokashira Line station.[citation needed]

On 17 November 2008 (12 years ago) (2008-11-17), a mural by Tarō Okamoto, "The Myth of Tomorrow", depicting a human figure being hit by an atomic bomb, was unveiled in its new permanent location at the station, in the connecting passage to the Keio Inokashira Line entrance.[3]

JR East[edit]

SBYJY20JA10JS19
Shibuya Station

渋谷駅
JR East station
JR Shibuya Station Platform.jpg
Yamanote Line platform, March 2010
Location1-1 Dogenzaka Itchōme, Shibuya, Tokyo
Japan
Operated byJR logo (east).svg JR East
Line(s)
History
Opened1885
Passengers
FY2013378,539 daily
Services
Preceding station JR logo (east).svg JR East Following station
Ebisu
EBSJY21
Next counter-clockwise
Yamanote Line Harajuku
JY18
Next clockwise
Shinjuku
SJKJS20
towards Takao or Ōmiya
Narita Express Shinagawa
SGWJO17

(limited service)
Musashi-Kosugi
MKGJS15
towards Itō
Saphir Odoriko Shinjuku
SJKJS20
Terminus
Fujisawa
JT08
towards Odawara
Shōnan
Ōsaki
OSKJS17
towards Odawara
Shōnan–Shinjuku Line
  Special Rapid
Shinjuku
SJKJS20
Ebisu
EBSJS18
towards Odawara or Zushi
Shōnan–Shinjuku Line
  Rapid
  Local
Ebisu
EBSJA09
towards Ōsaki
Saikyō Line
  Commuter Rapid
  Rapid
  Local
Shinjuku
SJKJA11
towards Ōmiya

Platforms[edit]

The Yamanote Line is served by two side platforms with two tracks. The Saikyo Line and Shonan-Shinjuku Line is served by one island platform with two tracks. Until 30 May 2020, the Saikyo Line platform was located to the south of the Yamanote Line platforms, approximately 350 m away.[4]


1 JY Yamanote Line for Shinjuku, and Ikebukuro
2 JY Yamanote Line for Shinagawa and Tokyo
3 JA Saikyō Line for Shinjuku, Ōmiya, and Kawagoe
JS Shōnan-Shinjuku Line for Shinjuku and Ōmiya
(via the JU Takasaki Line) for Kumagaya, Takasaki, Maebashi
(via the JU Utsunomiya Line) for Oyama, Utsunomiya
4 JA Saikyō Line for Ōsaki
R Rinkai Line for Shin-Kiba
Sotetsu line symbol.svg Sotetsu Line for Hazawa yokohama-kokudai and Ebina
JS Shōnan-Shinjuku Line for Yokohama and Ōfuna
(via the JT Tōkaidō Line) for Odawara
(via the JO Yokosuka Line) for Zushi
 Ltd. Express Narita Express for Tokyo and Narita Airport

Tokyo Metro/Tokyu[edit]

Tokyu Den-en-toshi Line and Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line[edit]

DT01 Z01
Shibuya Station

渋谷駅
Tokyu (Den-en-toshi Line)
Tokyo Metro (Hanzomon Line) station
TokyoMetro-shibuya-Z01-platform.jpg
Hanzomon Line-Den-en-Toshi Line Platforms
Location1-1 Dogenzaka Nichōme, Shibuya, Tokyo
Japan
Operated by
Line(s)
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
Other information
Station codeDT01, Z-01
History
Opened1977
Services
Preceding station Tokyu Railways.svg Tokyū Railways Following station
Sangenjaya
DT03
Den-en-toshi Line
Express
through to Hanzomon Line
Ikejiri-Ōhashi
DT02
Den-en-toshi Line
Semi Express
Local
Preceding station Tokyo Metro logo.svg Tokyo Metro Following station
through to Den-en-toshi Line Hanzomon Line Omote-sando
Z02
towards Oshiage
Platforms[edit]

On the third basement (B3F) level, a single underground island platform serves two tracks.[5]


1 DT Tokyu Den-en-toshi Line for Futako-Tamagawa, Nagatsuta, and Chūō-Rinkan
2 Z Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line for Otemachi and Oshiage
TS Tobu Skytree Line for Tōbu-Dōbutsu-Kōen
TI Tobu Isesaki Line for Kuki
TN Tobu Nikko Line for Minami-Kurihashi

Tokyu Toyoko Line and Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line[edit]

TY01 F16
Shibuya Station

渋谷駅
Tokyu (Toyoko Line)
Tokyo Metro (Fukutoshin Line) station
Shibuya Station Toyoko Line Platform 4 & 5 2018.jpg
Platforms 4 and 5 in 2018
Location1-1 Dogenzaka Nichōme, Shibuya, Tokyo
Japan
Operated by
Line(s)
Platforms2 island platforms
Tracks4
Other information
Station codeTY01, F-16
History
Opened2008
Services
Preceding station Tokyu Railways.svg Tokyū Railways Following station
Jiyūgaoka
TY07
S-Train
(weekends and national holidays)
Shinjuku-sanchome
F13
Naka-Meguro
TY03
F Liner Meiji-jingumae
F15
towards Hannō or Ogawamachi
Naka-Meguro
TY03
towards Yokohama
Tōyoko Line
Limited Express
Commuter Express
Express
through to Fukutoshin Line
Daikanyama
TY02
towards Yokohama
Tōyoko Line
Local
Preceding station Tokyo Metro logo.svg Tokyo Metro Following station
through to Toyoko Line Fukutoshin Line
Express
Meiji-jingumae
F15
towards Wakoshi
Fukutoshin Line
Commuter Express
Shinjuku-sanchome
F13
towards Wakoshi
Fukutoshin Line
Local
Meiji-jingumae
F15
towards Wakoshi
Platforms[edit]

Two underground island platforms on the fifth basement (B5F) level serve four tracks.[6]


3-4 TY Tokyu Toyoko Line for Jiyūgaoka, Yokohama
Number prefix Minatomirai.PNG Minatomirai Line for Motomachi-Chukagai
5-6 F Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line for Shinjuku-sanchome, Ikebukuro, and Wakoshi
TJ Tobu Tojo Line for Shinrinkōen and Shiki
SeibuIkebukuro.svg Seibu Ikebukuro Line for Hannō

Tokyo Metro Ginza Line[edit]

G01
Shibuya Station

渋谷駅
Tokyo Metro station
Shibuya Station 200111b.jpg
The new Ginza Line platforms that opened in January 2020
Location1-1 Dogenzaka Itchōme, Shibuya, Tokyo
Japan
Operated byTokyo Metro logo.svg Tokyo Metro
Line(s)G Tokyo Metro Ginza Line
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
ConnectionsBus terminal
Other information
Station codeG-01
History
Opened1938
Rebuilt2018–2019
Passengers
FY2013212,136 daily
Services
Preceding station Tokyo Metro logo.svg Tokyo Metro Following station
Terminus Ginza Line Omote-sando
G02
towards Asakusa
Platforms[edit]

As of January 2020, one island platform serves two tracks.[6] Until December 2019, two side platforms each served one track, with one platform for terminating services and one for services departing towards Asakusa.

Due to the distance between Ginza and Hanzomon Line platforms, the transfer announcements was announced at Omote-sando station instead.


1-2 G Tokyo Metro Ginza Line for Akasaka-mitsuke, Ginza, Ueno, and Asakusa

Keio Inokashira Line[edit]

IN-01 station number.png
Shibuya Station

渋谷駅
Keio station
Keio-Inogashira-Line-Shibuya-Station-01.jpg
The Keio Inokashira Line platforms in November 2011
Location4-1 Dogenzaka Itchōme, Shibuya, Tokyo
Japan
Operated byKeioRailway logo.svg Keio Corporation
Line(s)Number prefix Keio-Inokashira-line.svg Keio Inokashira Line
Tracks2
Other information
Station codeIN01
History
Opened1933
Passengers
FY2013730,849 daily
Services
Preceding station KeioRailway logo.svg Following station
Shimo-kitazawa
IN-05 station number.png
towards Kichijōji
Inokashira Line
Express
Terminus
Shinsen
IN-02 station number.png
towards Kichijōji
Inokashira Line
Local

Platforms[edit]

The Keio station consists of two bay platforms serving two tracks.[7]


1, 2 Number prefix Keio-Inokashira-line.svg Keio Inokashira Line for Shimo-Kitazawa, Meidaimae, Eifukuchō, and Kichijōji

History[edit]

On 1 March 1885 (136 years ago) (1885-03-01), Shibuya Station first opened as a stop on the Shinagawa Line, a predecessor of the present-day Yamanote Line.[citation needed] The station was later expanded to accommodate the Tamagawa Railway (1907; closed 1969), the Toyoko Line (1927), and the Teito Shibuya Line (1 August 1933; now the Inokashira Line).[8]

Between 1925 and 1935, an Akita dog named Hachiko waited for his deceased owner, appearing at the station right when his train was due.[citation needed]

In 1938, the station added platforms for the Tōkyō Rapid Railway, which began through service with the Ginza Line in 1939 and formally merged with it in 1941.[citation needed]

In 1946, the infamous Shibuya incident, a gang fight involving hundreds of people, occurred in front of the station.[citation needed]

More recently, the Den-en-toshi Line (1977), the Hanzōmon Line (1978), and the Fukutoshin Line (2008) began serving the station.[citation needed] Between December 2008 and March 2009, piezoelectric mats were installed at Shibuya Station as a small scale test.[9][10][11][12]

From 22 February 2013, station numbering was introduced on Keio lines, with Shibuya Station becoming "IN01".[13]

On 3 January 2020, the Ginza Line platforms were shifted about 50 meters east of the old platforms.

On 1 June 2020, the Saikyo Line platforms were shifted about 350 meters north of the old platforms and now sits right next to the Yamanote Line platforms.

Former Toyoko Line station[edit]

TY-01 station number.png
Shibuya Station

渋谷駅
Tokyu Line station
Shibuya Toyoko Line.jpg
Former Tokyu Toyoko Line platforms in February 2009
Location2-24-1 Shibuya, Shibuya, Tokyo
Japan
Operated byTokyu Corporation
Line(s)Tokyu Toyoko Line
Tracks4
Other information
Station codeTY-01
History
Opened1927
Closed15 March 2013
Former services
Preceding station   Tokyū Railways   Following station
Tokyu Toyoko Line
Naka-Meguro TY03   Limited Express   Terminus
Naka-Meguro TY03   Commuter Express   Terminus
Naka-Meguro TY03   Express   Terminus
Daikan-yama TY02   Local   Terminus

The former above-ground Tokyu Toyoko Line terminal station platforms were taken out of use after the last train service on 15 March 2013. From the start of the revised timetable on 16 March 2013, Toyoko Line services used the underground platforms 3-4 shared with Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line services.

Platforms[edit]

The station had four 8-car long bay platforms numbered 1 to 4, serving four tracks.


1-4  Tokyu Toyoko Line for Naka-Meguro, Jiyūgaoka, Yokohama, (Minatomirai Line) Motomachi-Chūkagai

Adjacent Stations[edit]

Future developments[edit]

JR East is in the process of rebuilding the station, with reconstruction work starting in earnest in fiscal 2015.[4]

On the platform of the Toyoko Line, which was moved to the east side of the station, Tokyu Corporation constructed a 230 meter high, 47-story commercial building "Shibuya Scramble Square", which became the tallest building in Shibuya when it opened in November 2019. Several commercial buildings connected to the station will be constructed by 2027.[14]

Passenger statistics[edit]

In fiscal 2013, the JR East station was used by 378,539 passengers daily (boarding passengers only), making it the fifth-busiest JR East station.[15] Over the same fiscal year, the Keio station was used by an average of 336,957 passengers daily (exiting and entering passengers), making it the busiest station on the Inokashira Line.[16] In fiscal 2013, the Tokyo Metro Ginza station was used by an average of 212,136 passengers daily and the Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon and Fukutoshin stations were used by an average of 731,184 passengers daily. Note that the latter statistics consider passengers who travel through Shibuya station on a through service as users of the station, even if they did not disembark at the station.[17] In fiscal 2013, the Tokyu Toyoko Line station was used by an average of 441,266 passengers daily and the Den-en-toshi Line station was used by an average of 665,645 passengers daily.[18] The daily passenger figures for each operator in previous years are as shown below.

Fiscal year JR East Tokyu Tokyo Metro Keio
Tōyoko Line Den-en-toshi Line
1999 423,336[19] 323,180[8]
2000 428,165[20]
2005 423,884[21] 412,237[22] 631,481[22]
2010 403,277[23] 419,482[24] 647,331[24] 336,926[25]
2011 402,766[26] 420,163[27] 641,781[27] 217,117[28] 335,475[25]
2012 412,009[29] 435,994[30] 656,867[30] 226,644[31] 344,972[16]
2013 378,539[15] 441,266[18] 665,645[18] 212,136[17] 336,957[16]
  • Note that JR East figures are for boarding passengers only.
  • Note that the Tokyo Metro figures are for the Ginza Line station only.

Surrounding area[edit]

The sectioned body of a former Tokyu 5000 series "Green frog" carriage on static display in front of the west side of the station
Bus terminal on the west side of Shibuya Station

Around the station is the commercial center of Shibuya. The Tokyu Department Store is connected to the east gate of the station and several other department stores are within walking distance.

The Shibuya River flows directly under the station, to the east and parallel to the JR tracks. Unlike most other Japanese department stores, the east block of Tokyu Department Store closed in 2013 and due for demolition as a part of the Shibuya Station redevelopment plan did not have basement retail space due to the river passing directly underneath. An escalator in the east block of the store was constructed over the river stops a few steps above floor level to make space for machinery underneath without the need for further excavation. Rivers are deemed public space under Japanese law, so building over one is normally illegal. It is not clear why this was allowed when the store buildings were first constructed in 1933.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ JR East 891,460 [1], Tokyu 414,833+680,395 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-06-03. Retrieved 2012-10-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line 472,123+258,609 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-06-22. Retrieved 2008-06-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), Keio 343,697 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-03-03. Retrieved 2009-10-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Totals 3,061,117 million
  2. ^ "Urban Planning Proposal for Areas Surrounding Shibuya Station" (PDF). Tokyu Corporation. 2013-03-28. Retrieved 2014-03-19.
  3. ^ "明日の神話 | 岡本太郎記念館" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  4. ^ a b Nagata, Kazuaki (17 April 2014). "Shibuya Station to be rebuilt". The Japan Times Online (in Japanese). Japan: The Japan Times Ltd. p. 2. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  5. ^ "Shibuya Station/G01/Z01/F16 | Route/Station Information | Tokyo Metro Line". www.tokyometro.jp. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  6. ^ a b "Shibuya Station Station Map". Retrieved January 3, 2020.
  7. ^ Kawashima, Ryozo (April 2010). 日本の鉄道 中部ライン 全線・全駅・全配線 第1巻 東京駅―三鷹エリア [Railways of Japan - Chubu Line - Lines/Stations/Track plans - Vol 1 Tokyo Station - Mitaka Area]. Japan: Kodansha. p. 10. ISBN 978-4-06-270061-0.
  8. ^ a b Terada, Hirokazu (July 2002). データブック日本の私鉄 [Databook: Japan's Private Railways]. Japan: Neko Publishing. p. 205. ISBN 4-87366-874-3.
  9. ^ "Power-Generating Floors Offer New Source of Clean Energy". Trends in Japan. Web Japan. January 2010. Retrieved 2011-08-25.
  10. ^ Skjoldan, Lasse (2009-01-29). "Foot Powering Tokyo Train Station". News and Opinions. Celsias. Archived from the original on 2011-10-05. Retrieved 2011-08-25.
  11. ^ Fermoso, Jose (2008-12-17). "Power Generating Floor in Train Stations Light Up Holiday Displays". Wired – Gadget Lab. Condé Nast Digital. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
  12. ^ Keferl, Michael (2009-07-08). "Electricity-Generating Flooring Gets Tokyo Test". CScout. Archived from the original on 2011-06-30. Retrieved 2011-08-25.
  13. ^ 京王線・井の頭線全駅で「駅ナンバリング」を導入します。 [Station numbering to be introduced on Keio Line and Inokashira Line] (PDF). News release (in Japanese). Keio Corporation. 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  14. ^ "Shibuya Scramble Square, towering over a transforming Tokyo district, set to open Nov. 1". The Japan Times. 24 October 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
  15. ^ a b 各駅の乗車人員 (2013年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2013)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  16. ^ a b c 1日の駅別乗降人員 [Average daily station usage figures] (in Japanese). Japan: Keio Corporation. 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  17. ^ a b 各駅の乗降人員ランキング [Station usage ranking] (in Japanese). Tokyo Metro. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  18. ^ a b c 2013年度乗降人員 [2013 Station passenger figures] (in Japanese). Japan: Tokyū Corporation. 4 June 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
  19. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (1999年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 1999)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  20. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2000年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2000)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  21. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2005年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2005)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  22. ^ a b 2005年度乗降人員 [2005 Station passenger figures] (in Japanese). Japan: Tokyū Corporation. 19 May 2006. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
  23. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2010年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2010)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  24. ^ a b 2010年度乗降人員 [2010 Station passenger figures] (in Japanese). Japan: Tokyū Corporation. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
  25. ^ a b 1日の駅別乗降人員 [Average daily station usage figures] (in Japanese). Japan: Keio Corporation. 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  26. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2011年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2011)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  27. ^ a b 2011年度乗降人員 [2011 Station passenger figures] (in Japanese). Japan: Tokyū Corporation. 15 May 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
  28. ^ 駅別乗降人員順位表(2011年度1日平均) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2011)] (in Japanese). Japan: Tokyo Metro. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  29. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2012年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2012)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  30. ^ a b 2012年度乗降人員 [2012 Station passenger figures] (in Japanese). Japan: Tokyū Corporation. 29 May 2013. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
  31. ^ 各駅の乗降人員ランキング (2012年) [Station usage ranking (2012)] (in Japanese). Tokyo Metro. Retrieved 31 August 2014.

External links[edit]