|Born||18 March 1892
Kagawa prefecture, Japan
|Died||28 April 1944
Wewak, Territory of New Guinea
|Allegiance||Empire of Japan|
|Service/branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
|Years of service||1913 – 1944|
|Commands held||IJA 1st Cavalry Brigade
IJA 20th Infantry Division
|Battles/wars||Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II
Shigeru Katagiri (片桐 茂 Katagiri Shigeru?, 18 March 1892 – 28 April 1944) was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, commanding Japanese ground forces on New Guinea during the closing months of the war.
Katagiri was born in Kagawa prefecture. He graduated from the 25th class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in May 1913 and was initially attached to the IJA 11th Infantry Regiment. He graduated from the 36th class of the Army Staff College in November 1924 and was subsequently assigned to the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Office. From September 1926, he was assigned to the Chosen Army in Korea as head of a special military intelligence unit operating in Siberia and Manchuria. Afterwards, he returned to Tokyo as an instructor at the Army Academy and Staff College, as an aide-de-camp to Prince Mikasa, instructor at the Cavalry School, and commander of the IJA 27th Cavalry Regiment,
During the Second Sino-Japanese War, Katagiri was promoted to colonel in the cavalry in August 1937, and in November of the same year became chief of staff of the IJA 1st Division which was stationed in Manchukuo under the aegis of the Kwantung Army. He was promoted to major general in August 1939 and assigned command of the IJA 1st Cavalry Brigade the following month, operating with the Mongolia Garrison Army to December 1940, when he returned to Japan. He subsequently became military advisor to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, and vice-bureau head for the Inspectorate of Cavalry.
In December 1942, Katagiri was promoted to lieutenant general. In July 1943, he was ordered to replace General Shigemasa Aoki, who had died of malaria while commanding the IJA 20th Division in New Guinea. His headquarters was near Gali, New Guinea, and marched with his troops 200 miles (320 km) to reinforce Finschhafen after the Australian landings. Katagiri was the primary Japanese commander at the Battle of Finschhafen between September and October 1943 in the Huon Peninsula campaign. He gathered his forces at Sattelberg but was forced to retreat after being defeated during the Battle of Sattelberg on 25 October 1943.
- Fuller, Richard (1992). Shokan: Hirohito's Samurai. London: Arms and Armor. ISBN 1-85409-151-4.
- Tanaka, Kengoro (1980). Operations of the Imperial Japanese Armed Forces in the Papua New Guinea Theater During World War II. Tokyo: Japan Papua New Guinea Goodwill Society.
- Ammenthorp, Steen. "Shigeru Katagiri". The Generals of World War II.
- Budge, Kent. "Shigeru Katagiri". Pacific War Online Encyclopedia.
- Shigeru Katagiri, www.generals.dk