Shillingstone

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Shillingstone
Shillingstone, Gospel Hall and cross - geograph.org.uk - 1318553.jpg
Gospel Hall and cross, Shillingstone
Shillingstone is located in Dorset
Shillingstone
Shillingstone
Shillingstone shown within Dorset
Population 1,170 
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BLANDFORD FORUM
Postcode district DT11
Dialling code 01258
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
Website http://www.shillingstone.info
List of places
UK
England
DorsetCoordinates: 50°54′00″N 2°15′00″W / 50.9°N 2.2501°W / 50.9; -2.2501

Shillingstone /ˈʃɪlŋstən/ is a village and civil parish in the Blackmore Vale area of north Dorset, England, situated on the River Stour between Sturminster Newton and Blandford Forum. In the 2011 census the civil parish had 479 households and a population of 1,170.[1]

History[edit]

Shillingstone features in the Domesday Book of 1086[2] as a settlement of 46 households, with meadow, woodlands and a mill, under the lordship of Ascelin. Its name is a derivation of Eschelling's (or Ascelin's) town. It once had the tallest maypole in Dorset - 86 feet high.[3] An agricultural community, it specialised in the production of moss.[4]

In the first World War, it earned the title, "the bravest village in Britain", because of the high proportion of residents who volunteered to join the armed forces.[citation needed] In 1924 the Shillingstone lime works was started to extract lime from the chalk beds at Shillingstone Hill.

Shillingstone Parish Council meets monthly to discuss planning applications, maintenance of allotments and the local recreation ground, and other local amenities.[5]

Parish church[edit]

The parish church of the Holy Rood is a short distance away from the village and is of 12th-century origin, constructed in banded flint and ashlar masonry.[6] It was enlarged in the 15th century and in the 19th century; G. F. Bodley added the north aisle. The font is of the 12th century and the pulpit of the 17th.[7] The hymn writer Edward Dayman was appointed Rector of Shillingstone in 1842. About 150m south of the church is a medieval cross base.[8]

Railway station[edit]

Shillingstone railway station still survives intact on the former line of the Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway, now part of the North Dorset Trailway.[9] The station is one of the best-preserved on the Somerset and Dorset line since the railway's closure in 1966. It opened on Monday 31 August 1863 and closed just over a century later on Sunday 6 March 1966. The station is undergoing extensive restoration by the Shillingstone Station Project, supported by the North Dorset Railway Trust.[10] The village also had a light railway serving Shillingstone House, the post-war home of Sir Thomas Salt.[11]

Education[edit]

The village has a primary school, affiliated to the Church of England[12] and is also home to independent special school, the Forum School.[13] Until around 1997, Shillingstone was the location of the now-defunct girls' boarding school, Croft House School. The independent Hanford School is also near the village.

Governance[edit]

Shillingstone is the most populous area of Bulbarrow electoral ward, which extends south to Winterbourne Strickland and had a population of 1,850 in the 2011 census.[14] Bulbarrow forms part of the constituency of North Dorset, which is currently represented in the UK parliament by the Conservative Simon Hoare.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Shillingstone (Parish). Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  2. ^ Shillingstone: Domesday Book http://domesdaymap.co.uk/place/ST8211/shillingstone/
  3. ^ From The Dorset Village Book, by Harry & Hugh Ashley, published by Countryside Books. http://www.visitoruk.com/historydetail.php?id=29559&cid=592&f=Shaftesbury
  4. ^ Shillingstone, in Dorset Life http://www.dorsetlife.co.uk/2012/03/shillingstone/
  5. ^ Shillingstone Parish information http://www.shillingstone.info/parish.html
  6. ^ Hidden Dorset gems http://www.hiddendorset.org/index.php/hd/gem/hd1533.html
  7. ^ Betjeman, John, ed. (1968) Collins Pocket Guide to English Parish Churches; the South. London: Collins; p. 176
  8. ^ Scheduled monuments http://www.ancientmonuments.info/en27343-medieval-cross-base-150m-south-of-holy-roo
  9. ^ Sturminster Newton to Shillingford http://walkandcycle.co.uk/dorset/trail_summary.php?recordID=DORSTR0051
  10. ^ Shillingstone Railway Project http://www.shillingstone.addr.com/how_to_find_us.htm
  11. ^ Shillingstone Light Railway http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/grahamallen/Old%20Hardyeans/School%20Dance/School%20Dance%20Part%202/article.pdf
  12. ^ "Shillingstone Primary School". Shillingstone.dorset.sch.uk. 2012-10-18. Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  13. ^ The Forum School http://www.cambiangroup.com/specialist_education/schools_and_post-16_provisions_for_autism/the_forum_school
  14. ^ "Bulbarrow". ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  15. ^ "Dorset North Parliamentary constituency". Election 2015. BBC. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 

External links[edit]