Shima (queen)

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Shima was the queen regnant of the 7th century Kalingga kingdom on the northern coast of Central Java circa 674 CE.[1]

She introduced a law against thievery to encourage her people to be honest and uphold truth.[1] According to tradition, a foreign king placed a bag filled with gold on the intersection in Kalingga to test the famed truthfulness and honesty of Kalingga people. Nobody dared to touch a bag that did not belong to them, until three years later Shima's son, the crown prince accidentally touched the bag with his feet. The queen issued a death sentence to her own son, but was overruled by the minister that appealed to the queen to spare the prince's life. Since it was prince's foot that touched the bag of gold, it was the foot that must be punished through mutilation.[2]

Shima's great-grandson is Sanjaya, who was the king of the Sunda and Galuh kingdoms, and also the founder of the Medang Kingdom of Central Java.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Melacak Situs Kerajaan Kalingga yang Terlupakan". Viva.co.id (in Indonesian). 24 April 2015.
  2. ^ Drs. R. Soekmono (1973). Pengantar Sejarah Kebudayaan Indonesia 2, 2nd ed (5th reprint edition in 1988 ed.). Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius. p. 37.
  3. ^ Masatoshi Iguchi (2017). Java Essay: The History and Culture of a Southern Country. Troubador Publishing Ltd. p. 216. ISBN 9781784628857.