Shimabara Domain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Shimabara Castle

The Shimabara Domain (島原藩 Shimabara-han?) was a Japanese domain of the Edo period. It is associated with Hizen Province in modern-day Saga Prefecture.[1]

In the han system, Shimabara was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[2] In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area.[3] This was different than the feudalism of the West.

History[edit]

The Arima clan, who were Kirishitan daimyō, ruled over Shimabara Domain in the late Muromachi period from Hinoe Castle and Hara Castle. After the start of the national isolation policy, the Tokugawa Bakufu banned Christianity from 1614 and replaced Arima Naozumi with Matsukura Shigemasa. Matsukura, who strictly enforced the prohibition against Christianity with mass executions, also severely raised taxes to pay for the construction of his new Shimabara Castle from 1618-1624. This oppression of the peasants was a major factor leading to the Shimabara Rebellion.[4]

After the rebellion was suppressed, the domain was given to the Kōriki clan. It then passed to the Fukōzu-Matsudaira family, who ruled it from 1668 until 1871 (with a brief hiatus from 1747-1774, during which the domain was ruled by the Toda clan, cousins of the Fukōzu-Matsudaira).

In the Bakumatsu period, Matsudaira Tadachika became an influential official in the Tokugawa administration. However, the final daimyo of Shimabara, Matsudaira Tadakazu pledged Shimabara domain in support of Emperor Meiji in the Boshin War, proved his loyalty by committing his troops to the northern campaign against the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei, fighting at Akita and Morioka.

List of daimyo[edit]

The hereditary daimyo were head of the clan and head of the domain.

Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenue
1 Arima Harunobu (有馬晴信?) 1600-1612 Shūri-daiyū (修理大夫) Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku
2 Arima Naozumi[5] (有馬直純?) 1612-1614 Saiemonfu (左衛門佐) Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku
Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenue
1 Matsukura Shigemasa (松倉重政?) 1616-1630 Bungo-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku
2 Matsukura Katsuie (松倉勝家?) 1630-1638 Nagato-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku
Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenue
1 Kōriki Tadafusa (戸田忠盈?) 1638-1655 Sakontaiyu (左近大夫) Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku
2 Kōriki Takanaga (戸田忠寛?) 1655-1668 Sakontaiyu (左近大夫) Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku
Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenue
1 Matsudaira Tadafusa (松平忠房?) 1669-1698 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 4th (従四位下) 65,000 koku
2 Matsudaira Tadakatsu (松平忠雄?) 1698-1735 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 4th (従四位下) 65,000 koku
3 Matsudaira Tadami (松平忠俔?) 1735-1738 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
4 Matsudaira Tadatoki (松平忠刻?) 1738-1749 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 4th (従四位下) 65,000 koku
5 Matsudaira Tadamasa (松平忠祗?) 1749 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 4th (従四位下) 65,000 koku
Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenue
1 Toda Tadamitsu (戸田忠盈?) 1749-1754 Hyuga-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 77,000 koku
2 Toda Tadatō (戸田忠寛?) 1754-1774 Iki-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 77,000 koku
Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenue
1 Matsudaira Tadahiro (松平忠恕?) 1774-1792 Yamato-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
2 Matsudaira Tadayori (松平忠馮?) 1792-1819 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
3 Matsudaira Tadayoshi (松平忠侯?) 1819-1840 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
4 Matsudaira Tadanari (松平忠誠?) 1840-1847 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
5 Matsudaira Tadakiyo (松平忠精?) 1847-1859 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
5 Matsudaira Tadaatsu (松平忠淳?) 1859-1860 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
5 Matsudaira Tadachika (松平忠愛?) 1860-1862 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
5 Matsudaira Tadakazu (松平忠和?) 1862-1871 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku

Simplified genealogy (Matsudaira-Fukōzu)[edit]

  • Matsudaira Naomitsu, 3rd head of the Matsudaira (c. 1400?-1488/89?)
    • Chikatada, 4th head of the Matsudaira (c. 1431-1531)
      • Nagachika, 5th head of the Matsudaira (1473-1544)
        • Nobutada, 6th head of the Matsudaira (1490-1531)
          • Kiyoyasu, 7th head of the Matsudaira (1511-1536)
            • Usui-hime, m. Sakai Tadatsugu (1527-1596)
              • Ogasawara Nobuyuki, 1st Lord of Koga (1570-1614)
                • daughter, (m.?) Mizuno Tadasada
                  • daughter, m. Tsuchiya Kazunao, 1st Lord of Tsuchiura (1608-1679)
                    • Tsuchiya Masanao, 2nd Lord of Tsuchiura (1641-1722)
                      • Tsuchiya Nobunao, 3rd Lord of Tsuchiura (1696-1734)
                        • daughter, m. Simple silver crown.svg IV. Matsudaira Tadatoki, 4th Lord of Shimabara (1st creation) (1716-1749; r. 1738-1749).
                          • Simple silver crown.svg V. Tadamasa, 5th Lord of Shimabara (1st creation) (1737/38-1801; r. 1749)
                          • Simple silver crown.svg I. Tadahiro, 1st Lord of Shimabara (2nd creation, cr. 1774) (1740/42-1792; r. 1774-1792)
                            • Simple silver crown.svg II. Tadayori, 2nd Lord of Shimabara (2nd creation) (1771-1819; r. 1792-1819)
                              • Simple silver crown.svg III. Tadayoshi, 3rd Lord of Shimabara (2nd creation) (1799-1840; r. 1819-1840)
                                • Simple silver crown.svg IV. Tadanari, 4th Lord of Shimabara (2nd creation) (1824-1847; r. 1840-1847)
                                • Simple silver crown.svg V. Tadakiyo, 5th Lord of Shimabara (2nd creation) (1832-1859; r. 1847-1859)
                              • Tadaatsu
                                • Simple silver crown.svg VII. Tadachika, 7th Lord of Shimabara (2nd creation) (1845-1862; r. 1860-1862)
            • Hirotada, 8th head of the Matsudaira (1526-1549)
              • Tokugawa family crest.svg Tokugawa Ieyasu, 1st Tokugawa Shōgun (1543-1616; r. 1603-1605)
                • Matsudaira Nobuyasu (1559-1579)
                  • Kuma-hime (1577-1626), m. Honda Tadamasa, 2nd Lord of Kuwana (1575-1631)
                    • Kuni-hime (1595-1649), m. Arima Naozumi, Lord of Shimabara (1586-1641)
                      • daughter, m. Akimoto Tomitomo, 1st Lord of Yamura (1610-1657)
                        • daughter, m. Toda Takamasa, 1st Lord of Sakura (1632-1699)
                          • Toda Tadaaki
                            • Toda Tadami, 2nd Lord of Utsunomiya (1689-1746)
                              • Toda Tadamitsu, Lord of Shimabara (1730-1781)
                              • Toda Tadatō, Lord of Shimabara (1739-1801)
                            • daughter, m. Simple silver crown.svg II. Matsudaira Tadakatsu, 2nd Lord of Shimabara (1st creation) (1673-1736; r. 1698-1735). He adopted a distant relation:
                              • Simple silver crown.svg III. Matsudaira Tadami, 3rd Lord of Shimabara (1st creation) (1712-1738; r. 1735-1738). He adopted a cousin, Tadatoki, son of Matsudaira Kankei, a hatamoto (see above):
                • Kame-hime (1560-1625), m. Okudaira Nobumasa, 1st Lord of Kanō (1555-1615)
                  • Matsudaira Tadaaki, 1st Lord of Himeji (1583-1644)
                    • Eshō-in, m. Nabeshima Tadanao (1613-1635)
                      • Nabeshima Mitsushige, 2nd Lord of Saga (1632-1700)
                        • Nabeshima Muneshige, 5th Lord of Saga (1687-1755)
                          • Nabeshima Harushige, 8th Lord of Saga (1745-1805)
                            • daughter, m. Date Munetada, 7th Lord of Uwajima (1792-1889)
                              • Simple silver crown.svg VI. Matsudaira Tadaatsu, 6th Lord of Shimabara (2nd creation) (1841-1860; r. 1859-1860)
                • Tokugawa Yorifusa, 1st Lord of Mito (1603-1661)
                  • Matsudaira Yorishige, 1st Lord of Takamatsu (1622-1695)
                    • Yoritoshi (1661-1687)
                      • Yoritoyo, 3rd Lord of Takamatsu (1680-1735)
                        • Tokugawa Munetaka, 4th Lord of Mito (1705-1730)
                          • Tokugawa Munemoto, 5th Lord of Mito (1728-1766)
                            • Tokugawa Harumori, 6th Lord of Mito (1751-1805)
                              • Tokugawa Harutoshi, 7th Lord of Mito (1773-1816)
                                • Tokugawa Nariaki, 9th Lord of Mito (1800-1860)
                                  • Simple silver crown.svg VIII. Tadakazu, 8th Lord of Shimabara (2nd creation), 8th family head, 1st Viscount (1851-1917; Lord: 1862-1869; Governor: 1869-1871; family head: 1862-1917; Viscount: cr. 1884)
                                    • Tadaii (1870-1909)
                                      • Tadaryō, 9th family head, 2nd Viscount (1903-1934; 9th family head and 2nd Viscount: 1917-1934)
                                        • Tadasada, 10th family head, 3rd Viscount (born 1928; 10th family head: 1934-present; 3rd Viscount: 1934-1947)
                                          • Tadatsugu (b. 1965)
                                          • Tadaoki (b. 1967)
    • Tadakage (d. 1485)
      • Tadasada
        • Yoshikage (1517-1561)
          • Koretada (1537-1575)
            • Ietada, Lord of Omigawa (1555-1600)
              • Tadatoshi, 1st Lord of Yoshida (1582-1632)
                • Simple silver crown.svg I. Tadafusa, 1st Lord of Shimabara (1st creation, cr. 1669) (1619-1700; Lord: 1669-1698)

[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hizen Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-5-28.
  2. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
  3. ^ Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
  4. ^ Murray, David. (1905). Japan, pp. 258-259.
  5. ^ a b Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Arima" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 3; retrieved 2013-6-7.
  6. ^ Papinot, (2003). "Matsukura" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 33; retrieved 2013-6-7.
  7. ^ Papinot, (2003). "Kōriki" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 24; retrieved 2013-6-7.
  8. ^ a b Papinot, (2003). "Matsudaira (Fukzmizo)" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 31; retrieved 2013-6-7.
  9. ^ Papinot, (2003). "Toda" at Nobiliare du Japon, pp. 60-61; retrieved 2013-6-7.
  10. ^ Genealogy (jp)

External links[edit]