Shimabara Railway Line

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Shimabara Railway Line
Shimabara-Railway-Line.JPG
A train on the Shimabara line at Shirahama beach in 2008
Overview
Locale Shimabara Peninsula, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan
Termini Isahaya
Kazusa (until 2008)
Shimabara-gaikō
Stations 44
Operation
Opened 1911
Rolling stock Kiha 20 type
Technical
Line length 78.5 km (48.8 mi)
Number of tracks single
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Route map
Ōmura Line for Haiki
0.0 IsahayaNagasaki Main Line 16 m
0.7 Tunnel42 m
1.5 Honisahaya 8 m
2.9 Saiwai 4 m
3.6 44 m
4.8 Onohonmachi 5 m
5.5 Kantakunosato 4 m
7.5 Moriyama 4 m
9.6 Kamanohana 3 m
11.4 Isahaya-higashi-kōkōmae 3 m
11.7 42 m
← old Unzentetsu Lineuntil 1938
12.4 Aino 4 m
14.4 Abozaki 6 m
16.6 Azuma 6 m
19.6 Kobe 5 m
20.8 Taishō 5 m
21.7 29 m
23.0 Saigō 8 m
Route 57
25.5 Kōjiromachi 5 m
29.0 41 m
29.4 TairamachiAriake Ferry for Nagasu 5 m
31.6 26 m
31.8 Shimatetsu-yue 8 m
Route 57
34.1 Ōmisaki 5 m
35.2 Matsuomachi 7 m
37.5 Mie 6 m
40.5 Shimabara 4 m
41.5 Shimatetsu-honshamae 5 m
42.3 Minami-shimabara 4 m
Route 57
Kyūshū and Kumamoto Ferry for Kumamoto
43.2 Shimabara-gaikōShimatetsu Ferry for Miike 8 m
Route 57
44.3 Chichibu-ga-ura 12 m
45.4 Antoku 31 m
45.4 225 m
46.3 68 m
47.5 Seno-fukae 33 m
49.6 Fukae 25 m
50.0 23 m
Route 251
52.0 Futsu-shinden 3 m
53.9 Futsu 6 m
Route 251
56.9 Dōzaki 6 m
58.4 Kamaga 8 m
59.9 Arie 20 m
60.2 30 m
Route 251
61.2 Nishi-arie 9 m
63.4 Tatsuishi 5 m
63.5 20 m
Route 251
65.3 Kita-arie 5 m
65.5 61 m
66.1 Jōkōjimae 10 m
67.1 Uratakannon 6 m
68.2 Harajō 5 m
70.6 Arimayoshikawa 8 m
73.5 272 m
74.6 Higashi-ōya 7 m
75.8 KuchinotsuShimatetsu Ferry for Oniike 3 m
Route 251
76.8 Shirahama-kaisui-yokujōmae 11 m
78.5 Kazusa 7 m

The Shimabara Railway Line (島原鉄道線?, Shimabara Tetsudō-sen) is a Japanese railway line connecting Isahaya Station, Isahaya and Shimabara-gaiko. The line parallels the coast of Shimabara Peninsula, Nagasaki Prefecture. This is the only railway line of Shimabara Railway (島原鉄道?, Shimabara Tetsudō) (Shimatetsu (島鉄?) for short), while the company also operates buses and ships. The first section of the line opened in 1911. The former line between Shimabara-Gaikō and Kazusa had few passengers and closed on April 1, 2008. The line utilizes the older diesel-powered Kiha 20 type train which was developed in the mid-1950s. Because of the line's vintage trains which maintain the old Japanese National Railways colors of red and beige, it remains popular among train enthusiasts. This is the only railway on Kyushu outside the Fukuoka area that has remained privately owned its entire history.

History[edit]

The Shimabara Railway Co. opened the Isahaya - Aino section in 1911, extending the line to Kojiromachi in 1912 and Minami-Shimabara the following year.

The Kuchinotsu Railway Co. opened the Minami-Shimabara - Dozaki section in 1922, extending the line to Harajo in 1926 and Kazusa two years later.

Diesel power was introduced by the Kuchinotsu Railway Co. in 1930, and by the Shimabara Railway Co. in 1934. In 1943 the two companies merged under the name Shimabara Railway Co.

In 1958 direct services to/from Nagasaki were introduced, operating until 1980.

Former connecting lines[edit]

  • Aino station - The Hizen Obama Railway Co. opened a 17 km line to Unzen Obama between 1923 and 1927. Direct services from the Shimabara line operated from 1927 until 1932. The line closed in 1938.

Volcanic disruptions[edit]

Services were disrupted for 6 months in 1991 due to lava flows from Mount Unzen, which also caused a one-month service disruption the following year.

In 1993 a major lava flow forced the closure of the line between Shimabara-gaiko and Fukae, and services didn't resume on that section until 1997.

The Shimabara-gaiko - Kazusa section was closed due to declining patronage in 2008.

Stations[edit]

Shimatetsu Kiha 2500 Series train.
●:Always stops   ▲:Sometimes stops  |:Does not stop
Station Japanese Distance
(km)
Express
Stops
Connecting lines Location
Isahaya 諫早 0.0 JR Kyushu: Nagasaki Main Line, Ōmura Line Isahaya Nagasaki
Prefecture
Hon-Isahaya 本諫早 1.5
Saiwai 2.9
Onohonmachi 小野本町 4.8
Kantakunosato 干拓の里 5.5
Moriyama 森山 7.5
Kamanohana 釜ノ鼻 9.6
Isahaya-higashi-kōkōmae 諫早東高校前 11.4
Aino 愛野 12.4 Unzen
Abozaki 阿母崎 14.4
Azuma 吾妻 16.6
Kobe 古部 19.6
Taishō 大正 20.8
Saigō 西郷 23.0
Kōjiromachi 神代町 25.5
Tairamachi 多比良町 29.4
Shimatetsu-Yue 島鉄湯江 31.8 Shimabara
Ōmisaki 大三東 34.1
Matsuomachi 松尾町 35.2
Mie 三会 37.5
Shimabara 島原 40.5
Shimatetsu-honshamae 島鉄本社前 41.5
Minami-Shimabara 南島原 42.3
Shimabara-gaikō 島原外港 43.2
Shimabara-gaikō – Kazusa: Discontinued on April 1, 2008
Chichibu-ga-ura 秩父が浦 44.3 Shimabara Nagasaki
Prefecture
Antoku 安徳 45.4
Seno-fukae 瀬野深江 47.5 Minamishimabara
Fukae 深江 49.6
Futsu-shinden 布津新田 52.0
Futsu 布津 53.9
Dōzaki 堂崎 56.9
Kamaga 蒲河 58.4
Arie 有家 59.9
Nishi-arie 西有家 61.2
Tatsuishi 龍石 63.4
Kita-arie 北有家 65.3
Jōkōjimae 常光寺前 66.1
Uratakannon 浦田観音 67.1
Harajō 原城 68.2
Arimayoshikawa 有馬吉川 70.6
Higashi-ōya 東大屋 74.6
Kuchinotsu 口之津 75.8
Shirahama-kaisuiyokujōmae 白浜海水浴場前 76.8
Kazusa 加津佐 78.5

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

External links[edit]