Shimla district

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Shimla district
Nickname(s): 
The Queen of Hills
Shimla District
Country India
StateHimachal Pradesh
HeadquartersShimla
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerAmit Kashyap, IAS
 • Superintendent of PoliceOmapati Jambval
 • Lok Sabha ConstituenciesShimla
 • Vidhan. Sabha Constituencies
Area
 • Total5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total814,010
 • Rank3rd
 • Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Demographics
 • Sex ratio916
 • Literacy84.55
 • Literacy: male90.73
 • Literacy: female77.80
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Area code(s)91 177 xxxxxxx
ISO 3166 codeIN-HP
Largest cityShimla
ClimateETh (Köppen)
Precipitation1,520 millimetres (60 in)
Avg. annual temperature17 °C (63 °F)
Avg. summer temperature22 °C (72 °F)
Avg. winter temperature4 °C (39 °F)
Websitehpshimla.nic.in/welcome.asp

Shimla is a district in the state of Himachal Pradesh in northern India. Its headquarters is the state capital of Shimla. Neighbouring districts are Mandi and Kullu in the north, Kinnaur in the east, Uttarakhand in the southeast, Solan to the southwest and Sirmaur in the south. The elevation of the district ranges from 987 metres (3,238 ft) to 4,500 metres (14,764 ft).

As of 2011 it is the third most populous district of Himachal Pradesh (out of 12), after Kangra and Mandi.[1] It is the most urbanized district of Himachal Pradesh.

The most commonly practised religion in the district is Hinduism. Hindi and Pahari are the languages spoken. Tourism and agriculture/horticulture are the majors source of income.

Administrative structure[edit]

Sl. No. Particulars Description
1 Geographical Area 5,131 km2
2 Area (out of total area) of H.P. 9.22%
3 Tehsils (12) Rampur, Kumarsain, Seoni, Shimla(R), Shimla(U), Theog, Chaupal, Jubbal, Kotkhai, Rohru, Chirgaon, Dodra Kawar
4 Sub-Tehsils (6) Nankhari Rampur, Junga Shimla (R), Cheta(Kupvi) Chaupal, Nerwa Chaupal, Tikar Rohru, Kotgarh Kumarsain.
5 Towns (9) Rampur, Kumarsain, Narkanda, Theog, Seoni, Chaupal, Kotkhai, Jubbal, Rohru
6 Sub-Divisions (8) Shimla(U), Shimla(R), Theog, Chaupal, Rohru, Rampur, Dodra Kawar, Kumarsain.
7 C.D. Blocks (10) Mashobra, Theog, Chaupal, Jubbal Kotkhai, Rohru, Rampur, Narkanda(Kumarsain), Chirgaon, Basantpur, Nankhari
8 Legislative Assembly (8) Rampur, Shimla(R), Shimla(U), Theog-Kumarsain, Chaupal, Jubbal - Kotkhai, Rohru, Kasumpati
9 Villages 2,914
10 Inhabited 2,520
11 Uninhabited 394
12 Density 159 person per km2
13 Panchayts 363

Access[edit]

Kalka-ShimlaWERA train
Jubbarhatti Airport

By road[edit]

Shimla is connected by road to all the major towns. Distance between the major towns and Shimla:

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Shimla (1951–1980)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
22.6
(72.7)
25.8
(78.4)
29.6
(85.3)
32.4
(90.3)
31.5
(88.7)
28.9
(84.0)
27.8
(82.0)
28.6
(83.5)
25.6
(78.1)
23.5
(74.3)
20.5
(68.9)
32.4
(90.3)
Average high °C (°F) 8.9
(48.0)
10.6
(51.1)
14.8
(58.6)
19.4
(66.9)
22.9
(73.2)
24.1
(75.4)
21.0
(69.8)
20.2
(68.4)
20.1
(68.2)
23.7
(74.7)
15.1
(59.2)
12.0
(53.6)
17.3
(63.1)
Average low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
3.0
(37.4)
6.8
(44.2)
11.1
(52.0)
14.2
(57.6)
15.6
(60.1)
15.0
(59.0)
14.8
(58.6)
13.4
(56.1)
10.7
(51.3)
7.0
(44.6)
4.3
(39.7)
9.8
(49.6)
Record low °C (°F) −10.6
(12.9)
−8.5
(16.7)
−6.1
(21.0)
−1.3
(29.7)
1.4
(34.5)
7.8
(46.0)
9.4
(48.9)
10.6
(51.1)
5.0
(41.0)
0.2
(32.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
−12.2
(10.0)
−12.2
(10.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 54.6
(2.15)
47.2
(1.86)
59.4
(2.34)
41.1
(1.62)
56.4
(2.22)
175.6
(6.91)
376.5
(14.82)
335.1
(13.19)
190.2
(7.49)
46.2
(1.82)
13.8
(0.54)
16.0
(0.63)
1,424.8
(56.09)
Average rainy days 4.7 4.1 5.2 3.6 4.6 10.3 18.3 18.1 9.9 2.9 1.3 1.8 84.8
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[2][3]

Demographics[edit]

Religious composition, Shimla District
Hinduism
97.23%
Islam
1.45%
Sikhism
0.5%
Buddhism
0.4%

According to the 2011 census the district had a population of 814,010,[4] This gives it a ranking of 483rd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 159 inhabitants per square kilometre (410/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.67%. Shimla has a sex ratio of 915 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 83.64%.[4] It has the highest urban population of all districts in Himachal. The urban population forms 24.77% of the district.

At the 2011 census, 68% of the population identified their first language as Pahari, 20% chose Hindi, 4.6% – Nepali, 1.4% – Punjabi, and 1% – Kangri.[5]

View of a Himalayan valley
Ridge Shimla
Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, Shimla
Sheep flock
Dhami village near Shimla

Statistics[edit]

As of Census of India 2001

  • Population count - 813,384
    • Males - 424,486
    • Females - 388,898
  • Sex ratio (females per 1000 males) - 916
  • Growth (2001–2011) - 12.58%
  • Rural - 555,269
  • Urban - 167,233
  • Scheduled Caste population - 188,787
    • Percentage to total population - 26.13%
  • Scheduled Tribe population - 4,112
    • Percentage to total population - 0.57%
  • Number of households - 1 54,693
  • Household size (per household) - 5

Literacy and education levels[edit]

  • Literates
    • Persons - 619,427
    • Males - 347,013
    • Females - 272,414
  • Literacy rate
    • Persons - 84.55%
    • Males - 90.73%
    • Females - 77.80%

Education level attained[edit]

Total - 504,330

    • Without level - 11,640
    • Below primary - 97,060
    • Primary - 114,805
    • Middle - 78,995
    • Matric/Higher Secondary/Diploma - 153,284
    • Graduate and above - 48,464

Age groups[edit]

  • 0 – 4 years - 59,305
  • 5 – 14 years - 149,801
  • 15 – 59 years - 455,784
  • 60 years and above (incl. A.N.S.) - 57,612

Major towns[edit]

  1. Shimla (M Corp.) - 142,555
  2. Rampur (M Cl) - 9,653
  3. Rohru (M CI) - 8,205
  4. Chaupal (NP) - 6786
  5. Kumarsain (NP) - 5461
  6. Theog (M CI) - 5435


Total inhabited villages - 2,520

Type of house (% of households occupying)[edit]

  • Permanent - 83.2
  • Semi-permanent - 14.6
  • Temporary - 2.2
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901230,144—    
1911223,701−0.28%
1921228,138+0.20%
1931238,280+0.44%
1941259,656+0.86%
1951286,111+0.97%
1961341,461+1.78%
1971419,844+2.09%
1981510,932+1.98%
1991617,404+1.91%
2001722,502+1.58%
2011814,010+1.20%
source:[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Shimla Climatological Table Period: 1951–1980". India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  3. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  4. ^ a b http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/dchb/0211_PART_B_DCHB_SHIMLA.pdf pp. 22–23
  5. ^ C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Himachal Pradesh (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  6. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901

External links[edit]