Shimla district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Shimla.
Shimla district
ज़िला शिमला
District
Nickname(s): The Queen of Hills
Shimla District
Country  India
State Himachal Pradesh
Headquarters Shimla
Government
 • Deputy Commissioner ROHAN Chand Thakur, IAS
 • Superintendent of Police Sonal Agnihotri,IPS
 • Lok Sabha Constituencies Shimla
 • Vidhan. Sabha Constituencies
Area
 • Total 5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 813,384
 • Rank 3rd
 • Density 160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Demographics
 • Sex ratio 916
 • Literacy 84.55
 • Literacy: male 90.73
 • Literacy: female 77.80
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area code(s) 91 177 xxxxxxx
ISO 3166 code IN-HP
Largest city Shimla
Climate ETh (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,520 millimetres (60 in)
Avg. annual temperature 17 °C (63 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 22 °C (72 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 4 °C (39 °F)
Website hpshimla.nic.in/welcome.asp

Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh lies between longitude 77.00" and 78.19" east and latitude 30.45" and 31.44" north, with its headquarters in Shimla. It is surrounded by Mandi and Kullu in the north, Kinnaur in the east, Uttarakhand in the southeast, Solan to the southwest and Sirmaur in the south. The elevation of the district ranges from 300 metres (984 ft) to 6,000 metres (19,685 ft).

As of 2011 it is the third most populous district of Himachal Pradesh (out of 12), after Kangra and Mandi.[1] It is the most urbanized district of Himachal Pradesh.

The most commonly practised religion in the district is Hinduism. Hindi and Pahari are the languages spoken. Tourism and agriculture/horticulture are the majors source of income.

Administrative structure[edit]

Sl. No. Particulars Description
1 Geographical Area 5,131 km2
2 Area (out of total area) of H.P. 9.22%
3 Tehsils (12) Rampur, Kumarsain, Sunni, Shimla(R), Shimla(U), Theog-panoli, Chaupal, Jubbal, Kotkhai, Rohru, Chirgaon, Dodra Kawar
4 Sub-Tehsils (5) Nankhari Rampur, Junga Shimla (R), Cheta(Kupvi) Chaupal, Nerwa Chaupal, Tikar Rohru
5 Towns (10) Rampur, Narkanda, Seoni, Kumarsain, Shimla, Theog, Chaupal, Kotkhai, Jubbal, Rohru
6 Sub-Divisions (7) Shimla(U), Shimla(R), Theog, Chaupal, Rohru, Rampur, Dodra Kawar
7 C.D. Blocks (10) Mashobra, Theog, Chaupal, Jubbal, Kotkhai, Rohru, Kumarsain, Chirgaon, Basantpur, Nankhari
8 Legislative Assembly (8) Rampur, Shimla(R), Shimla(U), Theog, Chaupal, Jubbal - Kotkhai, Rohru, Kasumpati
9 Villages 2,914
10 Inhabited 2,520
11 Uninhabited 394
12 Density 159 person per km2
13 Panchayts 363

Access[edit]

Kalka-ShimlaWERA train
Jubbarhatti Airport

By road[edit]

Shimla is connected by road to all the major towns. Distance between the major towns and Shimla:

District profile[edit]

View of a Himalayan valley
Ridge Shimla
Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, Shimla
Sheep flock
Dhami village near Shimla

Population[edit]

As of Census of India 2001[2]

  • Population count - 813,384
    • Males - 424,486
    • Females - 388,898
  • Sex ratio (females per 1000 males) - 916
  • Growth (2001–2011) - 12.58%
  • Rural - 555,269
  • Urban - 167,233
  • Scheduled Caste population - 188,787
    • Percentage to total population - 26.13%
  • Scheduled Tribe population - 4,112
    • Percentage to total population - 0.57%
  • Number of households - 1 54,693
  • Household size (per household) - 5

Literacy and education levels[edit]

  • Literates
    • Persons - 619,427
    • Males - 347,013
    • Females - 272,414
  • Literacy rate
    • Persons - 84.55%
    • Males - 90.73%
    • Females - 77.80%

Education level attained[edit]

Total - 504,330

    • Without level - 11,640
    • Below primary - 97,060
    • Primary - 114,805
    • Middle - 78,995
    • Matric/Higher Secondary/Diploma - 153,284
    • Graduate and above - 48,464

Age groups[edit]

  • 0 – 4 years - 59,305
  • 5 – 14 years - 149,801
  • 15 – 59 years - 455,784
  • 60 years and above (incl. A.N.S.) - 57,612

Religions (three largest denominations)[edit]

Major towns[edit]

  1. Shimla (M Corp.) - 142,555
  2. Rampur (M Cl) - 9,653
  3. Rohru (M CI) - 8,205
  4. Chaupal (NP) - 6786
  5. Theog (M CI) - 5435

Total inhabited villages - 2,520

Type of house (% of households occupying)[edit]

  • Permanent - 83.2
  • Semi-permanent - 14.6
  • Temporary - 2.2

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Shimla (1951–1980)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
22.6
(72.7)
25.8
(78.4)
29.6
(85.3)
32.4
(90.3)
31.5
(88.7)
28.9
(84)
27.8
(82)
28.6
(83.5)
25.6
(78.1)
23.5
(74.3)
20.5
(68.9)
32.4
(90.3)
Average high °C (°F) 8.9
(48)
10.6
(51.1)
14.8
(58.6)
19.4
(66.9)
22.9
(73.2)
24.1
(75.4)
21.0
(69.8)
20.2
(68.4)
20.1
(68.2)
23.7
(74.7)
15.1
(59.2)
12.0
(53.6)
17.3
(63.1)
Average low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
3.0
(37.4)
6.8
(44.2)
11.1
(52)
14.2
(57.6)
15.6
(60.1)
15.0
(59)
14.8
(58.6)
13.4
(56.1)
10.7
(51.3)
7.0
(44.6)
4.3
(39.7)
9.8
(49.6)
Record low °C (°F) −10.6
(12.9)
−8.5
(16.7)
−6.1
(21)
−1.3
(29.7)
1.4
(34.5)
7.8
(46)
9.4
(48.9)
10.6
(51.1)
5.0
(41)
0.2
(32.4)
−1.1
(30)
−12.2
(10)
−12.2
(10)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 54.6
(2.15)
47.2
(1.858)
59.4
(2.339)
41.1
(1.618)
56.4
(2.22)
175.6
(6.913)
376.5
(14.823)
335.1
(13.193)
190.2
(7.488)
46.2
(1.819)
13.8
(0.543)
16.0
(0.63)
1,424.8
(56.094)
Average rainy days 4.7 4.1 5.2 3.6 4.6 10.3 18.3 18.1 9.9 2.9 1.3 1.8 84.8
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[3][4]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Shimla district has a population of 813,384,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Comoros[5] or the US state of South Dakota.[6] This gives it a ranking of 483rd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 159 inhabitants per square kilometre (410/sq mi).[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.58%.[1] Shimla has a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 84.55%.[1] It has the highest urban population of all districts in Himachal. The urban population forms 24.77% of the district. Simla district has always been a Hindu majority district but has gone through numerous change throughout the decades.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ Census of India
  3. ^ "Shimla Climatological Table Period: 1951–1980". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved April 10, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010". India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on May 21, 2013. Retrieved April 10, 2015. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Comoros 794,683 July 2011 est. 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. South Dakota 814,180 

External links[edit]