5 March 1926|
|Died||19 March 2007
|Occupation||artist, journalist, author, satirist|
|Notable work||The White Flag Principle|
The son of poultry vendors, he was educated at a religious school. In his teens, after initially joining Ze'ev Jabotinsky's Betar organization, he became a member of all three Jewish underground military organizations in British-ruled Mandatory Palestine: Lehi (the "Stern Gang"), Etzel, and Haganah (Palmach) that fought the British and the Arab populations. The British Mandatory authorities arrested him and detained him for several months at Latrun. With the establishment of Israel, he briefly joined the Israeli Communist party. He fought in Israel's first three wars: 1948–50, 1956, and 1967.
However, Tzabar strongly disagreed with the annexation of the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem and takeover of the West Bank and Gaza Strip by Israel in the aftermath of the Six-Day war. In September 1967 he became famous for a declaration he published in Ha'aretz, together with 11 co-signatories, protesting against the incipient occupation. In part it read:-
"Our right to defend ourselves from extermination does not give us the right to oppress others. Occupation entails foreign rule. Foreign rule entails resistance. Resistance entails repression. Repression entails terror and counter-terror. The victims of terror are mostly innocent people. Holding on to the occupied territories will turn us into a nation of murderers and murder victims. Let us get out of the occupied territories immediately.'
He subsequently left Israel in protest and settled in England. Tzabar was a columnist for a number of years for both the daily Haaretz and the weekly Ha'olam Haze newspapers. He also published 27 books in Hebrew, among these are works of fiction, travel, children's books and poetry. Allen Lane, the hardcover imprint of Penguin Books, published his English book, The White Flag Principle, that had been translated and published in Japan and in most European languages.
In 2004 Michelin threatened to sue him for trademark infringement, after he published a study of Israel's prisons under the title "MUCH BETTER THAN THE OFFICIAL MICHELIN Guide to Israeli prisons, Jails, concentration camps and torture chambers". The company eventually dropped the case, much to Tzabar's disappointment.
- The White Flag Principle: How to Lose a War (and Why), New York 2003, ISBN 978-1-56858-259-7
- Yemenite and Sabra Cookery, (with Naomi Tzabar) Tel-Aviv 1979, ISBN 978-965-234-001-6
- An Illustrated Key for the Identification of Wild Mushrooms, Fungi and Toadstools Interactive CD-Rom.
- Tusbarahindi the Great
- "israel imperial news". www.israelimperialnews.org.
- Christopher Sykes (Director) (2007). Dear Mr Tzabar (Documentary film). London. 8.55 minutes in. Christopher Sykes Productions.
- Christopher Sykes (Director) (2007). Dear Mr Tzabar (Documentary film). London. 9.21 minutes in. Christopher Sykes Productions.
- Machover, Moshe; Nussbaum, Elizabeth (2 April 2007). "Shimon Tzabar". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group.
- Christopher Sykes (Director) (2007). Dear Mr Tzabar (Documentary film English). London. 2.26 minutes in. Christopher Sykes Productions.
- "The White Flag Principle: How to lose a war". Shimon Tzabar שמעון צבר. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
- Christopher Sykes (Director) (2007). Dear Mr Tzabar (Documentary film). London. 11.29 minutes in. Christopher Sykes Productions.
- Traubmann, Tamara (22 March 2007). "Shimon Tzabar, 81, Dies in London". Ha'aretz. Retrieved 28 March 2009.
- "Michelin sue over 'guide to jail". BBC News. 18 October 2004.
- Glendinning, Lee (19 October 2004). "Michelin drops case against Israeli jail satirist". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 15 October 2017.