Shimonita town office
Location of Shimonita in Gunma Prefecture
|• Total||188.38 km2 (72.73 sq mi)|
|Population (February 2015)|
|• Density||41.7/km2 (108/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|• Bird||Japanese bush-warbler|
|Address||682 Ōaza Shimonita, Shimonita-machi, Kanra-gun, Gunma-ken 370-2601|
Shimonita (下仁田町 Shimonita-machi) is a town located in Kanra District of southwestern Gunma Prefecture in the northern Kantō region of Japan. As of February 2015, the town had an estimated population of 7,855 and a population density of 41.7 persons per km2. Its total area was 188.38 km2. Shimonita is famous for its konjac and Welsh onion.
Shimonita is located in southwestern Gunma Prefecture bordering on Nagano Prefecture to the west. Part of the town is within the borders of the Myōgi-Arafune-Saku Kōgen Quasi-National Park. Approximately 84% of the town's total area is covered by forests.
- Mountains: Mount Arafune (1423 m), Mount Inafukumi, Mount Ōgeta, Ozawadake, Kanatake, Mount Nikkura, Mount Yotsumata, Mount Monogatari, Mount Midō, Mount Myogi, Mount Monomi
- Rivers: Kabura River
During the Edo period, the area of present-day Shimonita was largely part of the tenryō territory held directly by Tokugawa shogunate within Kōzuke Province. The modern town of Shimonita was created within Kitakanra District of Gunma Prefecture on April 1, 1889 with the creation of the municipalities system after the Meiji Restoration. In 1950 Kitakanra District was renamed Kanra District. Shimonita annexed the neighboring villages of Osaka, Saimoku, Aokura and Mayama on March 10, 1955.
The economy of Shimonita is heavily dependent on agriculture.
- Primary schools
- Shimonita Elementary School
- Mayama Elementary School (closed)
- Osaka Elementary School (closed)
- Saimoku Elementary School (closed)
- Middle schools
- Shimonita Middle School
- High schools
- Shimonita High School
- Shimonita Onsen
Media related to Shimonita, Gunma at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website (in Japanese)