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Shimr ibn Ziljushan (L.A) or Shimr (Arabic: شمر بن ذي الجوشن الضبابي الهوازني‎‎) was a son of Ziljushan from the tribe of Banu Kilab (Sunni belief differs), one of Arabia's Hawazinite Qaysid tribes.[1] Umm ul-Banin, the mother of Abbas ibn Ali, was also from the Banu Kilab tribe. Shimr has a villainous reputation in Shia Islam. He was a Kharijite leader before paying allegiance to Yazid and joining Ibne Ziyad's Omayyad forces. He is known as the man who beheaded Islamic prophet Muhammad's grandson Hussein ibn Ali at the Battle of Karbala.[2][3][4]


Shia traditions relate that Shimr was eventually killed by Mukhtar al-Thaqafi's troops who wished to take revenge upon Husayn and his family's killers.[5] His body was then torn to pieces by wild dogs.[6]


Shimr is depicted in the passion plays during the Shia mourning remembrance of Ashura.[7]

In January 2013, a huge poster was erected in Tehran, the capital city of Iran depicting Shimr standing next to U.S. President Barack Obama.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Al-Husayn on ‘Ashura". Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Daniel Politi (20 January 2013). "Why is President Obama Depicted on a Huge Billboard in Tehran?". Slate magazine. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Iran's Obama billboard: what it really means". The Guardian. 20 January 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "تسليط الأضواء على هوية الجيش الذي قاتل الحسين؟". Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "الكتب - البداية والنهاية - ثم دخلت سنة ست وستين - ذكر مقتل شمر بن ذي الجوشن ، أمير السرية التي قتلت حسينا- الجزء رقم12". Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  6. ^ Malekpour, Jamshid (2 Aug 2004). The Islamic Drama. Routledge. p. 38. ISBN 978-0714684468. 
  7. ^ Burke, Edmund; Yaghoubian, Nejde (2006). Struggle and Survival in the Modern Middle East. University of California Press. p. 243. ISBN 9780520246614. 

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