ShinMaywa US-2

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ShinMaywa US-2 at Atsugi.jpg
ShinMaywa US-2
Role Air-sea rescue amphibian
Manufacturer ShinMaywa
First flight 18 December 2003
Introduction 30 March 2007
Status in production
Primary user Japan Maritime Self Defense Force
Produced 2003–Present
Number built 6 (2 expected)
Developed from ShinMaywa US-1A

The ShinMaywa US-2 is a Japanese large STOL amphibious aircraft designed for air-sea rescue (ASR) work. Operated by the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, the US-2 is scheduled to replace the older Shin Meiwa US-1A in Japanese service. It can be used as fire fighter taking 15 tonnes of water.[1]

Design and development[edit]

With the Shin Meiwa US-1A fleet introduced in the 1970s beginning to reach the end of its service life, the JMSDF attempted to obtain funding for a replacement in the 1990s, but could not obtain enough to develop an entirely new aircraft. Therefore, in 1995, ShinMaywa (as Shin Meiwa was by then renamed) began plans for an upgraded version of the US-1A, the US-1A kai (US-1A 改 - "improved US-1A"). This aircraft features numerous aerodynamic refinements, a pressurised hull, and more powerful Rolls-Royce AE 2100 engines. Flight tests began on December 18, 2003. The JMSDF purchased up to 14 of these aircraft, which entered service as the ShinMaywa US-2.

Operational history[edit]

Shin-Meiwa US-2 search and rescue flying boat

The aircraft is currently operated by the 31st Fleet Air Wing (71st Air Force, 71st Flight Squadron) at Iwakuni air base and Atsugi air base.

In April 2015 aircraft 9905 was involved in an accident.[2] The aircraft was on a training mission near Cape Ashizuri in Shikoku and four crew members were injured.[3] Six US-2s had been delivered by November 2018, with a further 2 in production.[4]


The Indian Navy has a requirement for 12–18 US-2 Amphibious Search and Rescue aircraft at a cost of US$1.65 billion. It is expected that these amphibious aircraft will be stationed in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.[5][6] In October 2016, ShinMaywa reduced the price to around US$113 million per aircraft.[7] There were expectations that a contract for the order would be signed in November 2016,[8] but it was deferred by the Indian defence minister Manohar Parrikar.[9][10] In March 2018, Japanese ambassador to India Kenji Hiramatsu told The Hindu Business Line that talks were still in progress.[11]

There have also been reports that Thailand is interested in purchasing the aircraft.[12]

Indonesia is another prospective customer.[13]

Following deadly fires in the Attica Region of Greece in July 2018, the Greek government reportedly seeks to order US-2 to replace their aging firefighting fleet.[14]



Specifications (US-2)[edit]

A JMSDF US-2 at Haneda Airport

Data from ShinMaywa[15][16][17]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 11
  • Capacity: 20 passengers or 12 stretchers
  • Length: 33.46 m (109 ft 9 in)
  • Wingspan: 33.15 m (108 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 9.8 m (32 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 135.8 m2 (1,462 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 25,630 kg (56,504 lb)
  • Gross weight: 55,148 kg (121,581 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 47,700 kg (105,160 lb) land take-off
  • Powerplant: 4 × Rolls-Royce AE 2100J turboprop, 3,424 kW (4,592 hp) each
  • Powerplant: 1 × LHTEC T800 turboshaft Boundary layer control compressor, 1,017 kW (1,364 hp)
  • Propellers: 6-bladed Dowty R414


  • Maximum speed: 560 km/h (350 mph, 300 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 480 km/h (300 mph, 260 kn) at 6,000 m (20,000 ft)
  • Range: 4,700 km (2,900 mi, 2,500 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 7,195 m (23,606 ft)
  • Takeoff distance on ground at MTOW: 490 m (1,610 ft)
  • Landing distance on ground at MTOW: 1,500 m (4,900 ft)
  • Takeoff distance on water at Loaded weight: 280 m (920 ft)
  • Landing distance on water at Loaded weight: 330 m (1,080 ft)

See also[edit]

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists



  1. ^ ShinMaywa Fire Fighting, accessed 2018-08-18.
  2. ^ ShinMaywa US-2 involved in major accident at sea April 29, 2015 FlightGlobal Retrieved December 9, 2016
  3. ^ Aircraft accident ShinMaywa US-2 9905 Aircraft Safety Network Retrieved December 9, 2016
  4. ^ Waldron, Greg (28 November 2018). "JAPAN AEROSPACE: Shinmaywa stays after India US-2 deal". Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  5. ^ "For First Time Since World War 2, Japan Will Sell Military Equipment. To India". NDTV. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  6. ^ Chandra, Atul (4 September 2014). "India looks to acquire 18 ShinMaywa US-2 amphibians". Flightglobal. Bangalore: Reed Business Information. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  7. ^ Raghuvanshi, Vivek (20 October 2016). "India Resolves US-2 Aircraft Price Issue With Japan". Sightline Media Group. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  8. ^ Japan, India likely to ink pivotal US-2 aircraft deal November 6, 2016 Japan Times Retrieved November 28, 2016
  9. ^ Defence minister Manohar Parrikar defers Rs 10,000 crore deal for 12 Japanese aircraft November 10, 2016 India Today Retrieved November 28, 2016
  10. ^ GOVT OK’S NEW BLACKLISTING POLICY, RS 80K-CR DEF DEALS November 8, 2016 The Pioneer Retrieved November 28, 2016
  11. ^ Basu, Nayanima (21 March 2018). "India must provide high-quality products to meet Japan consumers' expectations: Envoy". Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  12. ^ Thailand Mulling Purchase of Japanese Sub-Hunting Aircraft June 7, 2016 The Diplomat Retrieved December 9, 2016
  13. ^ Indo Defence 2016: ShinMaywa inches towards US-2 sale to Indonesia November 4, 2016 Archived December 20, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Jane's
  14. ^ "Japan looks to Greece for first major defense export". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
  15. ^ "Performance of the State-of-the-Art US-2: US-2 Specifications". ShinMaywa. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  16. ^ Lake, Jon (November 2005). "ShinMaywa's Innovative Amphibian". Air International. 69 (5): 26–30. ISSN 0306-5634.
  17. ^ "US-2: STOL Search and Rescue Amphibian" (PDF). ShinMaywa. Retrieved 21 March 2015.

External links[edit]