|Role||Air-sea rescue amphibian|
|First flight||18 December 2003|
|Introduction||30 March 2007|
|Primary user||Japan Maritime Self Defense Force|
|Number built||4 (3 expected)|
|Developed from||ShinMaywa US-1A|
The ShinMaywa US-2 is a Japanese large STOL amphibious aircraft designed for air-sea rescue (ASR) work. Operated by the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, the US-2 is scheduled to replace the older Shin Meiwa US-1A in Japanese service. It can be used as fire fighter taking 15 tonnes of water.
Design and development
With the Shin Meiwa US-1A fleet introduced in the 1970s beginning to reach the end of its service life, the JMSDF attempted to obtain funding for a replacement in the 1990s, but could not obtain enough to develop an entirely new aircraft. Therefore, in 1995, ShinMaywa (as Shin Meiwa was by then renamed) began plans for an upgraded version of the US-1A, the US-1A kai (US-1A 改 - "improved US-1A"). This aircraft features numerous aerodynamic refinements, a pressurised hull, and more powerful Rolls-Royce AE 2100 engines. Flight tests began on December 18, 2003. The JMSDF purchased up to 14 of these aircraft, which entered service as the ShinMaywa US-2.
In April 2015 aircraft 9905 was involved in an accident. The aircraft was on a training mission near Cape Ashizuri in Shikoku and four crew members were injured. Six US-2s had been delivered by November 2018, with a further 2 in production.
The Indian Navy has a requirement for 12–18 US-2 Amphibious Search and Rescue aircraft at a cost of US$1.65 billion. It is expected that these amphibious aircraft will be stationed in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. In October 2016, ShinMaywa reduced the price to around US$113 million per aircraft. There were expectations that a contract for the order would be signed in November 2016, but it was deferred by the Indian defence minister Manohar Parrikar. In March 2018, Japanese ambassador to India Kenji Hiramatsu told The Hindu Business Line that talks were still in progress.
Following deadly fires in the Attica Region of Greece in July 2018, the Greek government reportedly seeks to order US-2 to replace their aging firefighting fleet.
- Crew: 11
- Capacity: 20 passengers or 12 stretchers
- Length: 33.46 m (109 ft 9 in)
- Wingspan: 33.15 m (108 ft 9 in)
- Height: 9.8 m (32 ft 2 in)
- Wing area: 135.8 m2 (1,462 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 25,630 kg (56,504 lb)
- Gross weight: 43,000 kg (94,799 lb) water take-off
- Max takeoff weight: 47,700 kg (105,160 lb) land take-off
- Powerplant: 4 × Rolls-Royce AE 2100J turboprop, 3,424 kW (4,592 hp) each
- Powerplant: 1 × LHTEC T800 turboshaft Boundary layer control compressor, 1,017 kW (1,364 hp)
- Propellers: 6-bladed Dowty R414
- Maximum speed: 560 km/h (348 mph; 302 kn)
- Cruise speed: 480 km/h (298 mph; 259 kn) at 6,000 m (20,000 ft)
- Range: 4,700 km (2,920 mi; 2,538 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 7,195 m (23,606 ft)
- Takeoff distance on ground at MTOW: 490 m (1,610 ft)
- Landing distance on ground at MTOW: 1,500 m (4,900 ft)
- Takeoff distance on water at Loaded weight: 280 m (920 ft)
- Landing distance on water at Loaded weight: 330 m (1,080 ft)
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- ShinMaywa Fire Fighting, accessed 2018-08-18.
- ShinMaywa US-2 involved in major accident at sea April 29, 2015 FlightGlobal Retrieved December 9, 2016
- Aircraft accident ShinMaywa US-2 9905 Aircraft Safety Network Retrieved December 9, 2016
- Waldron, Greg (28 November 2018). "JAPAN AEROSPACE: Shinmaywa stays after India US-2 deal". FlightGlobal.com. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
- "For First Time Since World War 2, Japan Will Sell Military Equipment. To India". NDTV. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Chandra, Atul (4 September 2014). "India looks to acquire 18 ShinMaywa US-2 amphibians". Flightglobal. Bangalore: Reed Business Information. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- Raghuvanshi, Vivek (20 October 2016). "India Resolves US-2 Aircraft Price Issue With Japan". www.defensenews.com. Sightline Media Group. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
- Japan, India likely to ink pivotal US-2 aircraft deal November 6, 2016 Japan Times Retrieved November 28, 2016
- Defence minister Manohar Parrikar defers Rs 10,000 crore deal for 12 Japanese aircraft November 10, 2016 India Today Retrieved November 28, 2016
- GOVT OK’S NEW BLACKLISTING POLICY, RS 80K-CR DEF DEALS November 8, 2016 The Pioneer Retrieved November 28, 2016
- Basu, Nayanima (21 March 2018). "India must provide high-quality products to meet Japan consumers' expectations: Envoy". www.thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
- Thailand Mulling Purchase of Japanese Sub-Hunting Aircraft June 7, 2016 The Diplomat Retrieved December 9, 2016
- Indo Defence 2016: ShinMaywa inches towards US-2 sale to Indonesia November 4, 2016 Archived December 20, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Jane's
- "Japan looks to Greece for first major defense export". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
- "Performance of the State-of-the-Art US-2: US-2 Specifications". ShinMaywa. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- Lake, Jon (November 2005). "ShinMaywa's Innovative Amphibian". Air International. 69 (5): 26–30. ISSN 0306-5634.
- "US-2: STOL Search and Rescue Amphibian" (PDF). ShinMaywa. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to ShinMaywa US-2.|
- ShinMaywa US-2 site
- MAST Asia 2015
- US-2 Brochure
- ShinMaywa launches commercial production of US-2 STOL Search and Rescue Amphibians - ShinMaywa news release
- ShinMaywa delivers first production type of "US-2" STOL Search and Rescue Amphibians to Japan's Ministry of Defense - ShinMaywa news release
- 71st Flight Squadron (in Japanese) JMSDF Iwakuni air base
- 71st Flight Squadron (in Japanese) JMSDF Atsugi air base