Shin Ik-hee

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Shin Ik-hee
Haegong Shin Ik-hee in 1952.jpg
Speaker of the National Assembly
In office
4 August 1948 – 30 May 1954
Preceded by Syngman Rhee
Succeeded by Lee Ki-poong
Member of the National Assembly
In office
31 May 1948 – 5 May 1956
Constituency Gwangju, Gyeonggi
Personal details
Born (1894-06-09)9 June 1894
Died 5 May 1956(1956-05-05) (aged 61)
Political party National Association, Democratic Nationalist, Democractic
Alma mater Waseda University
Shin Ik-hee
Revised Romanization Sin Ikhui
McCune–Reischauer Sin Ikhŭi

Shin Ik-hee (Chosŏn'gŭl: 신익희, hanja: 申翼熙) (9 June 1892 - 5 May 1956) was a Korean independence activist and politician during the period of Japanese rule.[1] He was Speaker of the National Assembly during President Syngman Rhee's first term (4 August 1948 and 30 May 1950) and second term (19 June 1950 and 30 May 1954). His nickname was Haegong (해공, 海公) or Haehoo (해후; 海候); his courtesy name was Yeogu (여구; 如耉).


Shin Ik-hee was a descendant of Shin Rip and Shin Kyung-hee, Shin Saimdang. He was born in Samaru country in Gwangju, Gyeonggi Province. He became an orphan and his second elder half-brother Shin Kyu-hee nurtured him. In his early years, he studied abroad in Japan.

In 1918, he was exiled to Shanghai in China, in April 1919.


He was involved in the creation of the Provisional National Assembly of Koreas. He was elected as a Congressman of the Provisional National Assembly of Korea. On April 23, he was appointed to Vice minister of Foreign Affairs of Provisional Government of Korea.

In August 1919, Shin became vice Minister of Justice and in September, he was appointed as Justice Minister and in September 1920, Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 1930s he became an English professor at a Chinese University.

In May 1940 he was appointed to Provisional Government of Korea, and in 1944 he was reappointed to Interior Minister to the Provisional Government.

In May 1948 he was elected Congressman of National Assembly of Korea. On August 4, 1948 he was 2nd term head of First Republic and 19 June 1950, he again was Speaker until 30 May 1954.

In 1955 he was involved with the founding of the Democratic Party and elected as its fourth leader. In 1956 he ran for president, but died of heart failure and overwork at age 64. He had boarded a train to Seoul with John Chang to commence campaigning soon after registration of candidates had closed. Minutes after taking their seats however, Shin became violently ill. He rushed to the toilet, but died. When the November election was held three months later, his name was still on the ballot, and he received close to half of the people's votes.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Foundation, The Korea (2013-03-30). Korea Focus - August 2012. 한국국제교류재단. p. 28. ISBN 9788986090888. 
  2. ^ Sullivan, Thomas K. (2010-03-17). One Happy Old Priest. Xlibris Corporation. p. 243. ISBN 9781465328823. 

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