Shin Megami Tensei
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|Shin Megami Tensei|
Cover art of Shin Megami Tensei
|Genre||Role-playing video game|
|Platform||Android, Game Boy Advance, iOS, PC Engine, PlayStation, PlayStation Network, Mega-CD, Super Famicom, Virtual Console|
|Shin Megami Tensei: Kahn|
|Written by||Kazuaki Yanagisawa|
|Published by||Enterbrain, Inc.|
|Original run||February 1998 – September 2009|
Shin Megami Tensei (Japanese: 真・女神転生?, literally "True Goddess Reincarnation") is a role-playing video game from Atlus that was originally released on October 30, 1992 for the Super Famicom. Loosely based on Megami Tensei, a novel and Famicom game series in Japan, Shin Megami Tensei would be the first of many titles in the franchise released by Atlus. A direct sequel, Shin Megami Tensei II, was released in 1994. A third game, Shin Megami Tensei: Nocturne, was released in 2003. The most recent installment, Shin Megami Tensei IV, was released in 2013. Two non-numbered titles, Shin Megami Tensei if... and Shin Megami Tensei: Strange Journey, were released in 1994 and 2009, respectively.Shin Megami Tensei has grown a large and loyal following around the world with additional game titles for consumer consoles and handheld systems.
Previously unavailable in English (except for an unofficial fan-translated patch of the Super Famicom version, released on June 30, 2002), a localized iOS version was released in North America on March 18, 2014.
Shin Megami Tensei is a first-person RPG, similar to many older role playing games such as the Wizardry series. The player navigates through dungeons with a party of up to six characters. The combat is turn-based in a representative field of vision that resembles Wizardry in that it is first-person.
The game features two types of characters: Humans and Demons. A key facet of gameplay involves collecting demons. The human Hero acquires these demons via negotiation, bribing and coercion during battle. Once acquired, they can be stored in the party's portable computer and summoned for a small amount of money to be used in battle, and a constant feed of Magnetite (a secondary currency in the game) to be maintained outside of combat. If a demon is defeated during a battle, they must be revived before they can be used again.
A notable aspect of the game is that the player can combine two or three demons and create a more powerful demon. This system is called "Akuma Gattai" which can be translated as "Demon Fusion". This system was passed on from the first game of the series, Digital Devil Story: Megami Tensei and used in later installments.
Human characters can equip firearms with special ammo, melee weapons, and multiple pieces of armor from helmet to boots, although certain weapons can only be wielded by a character of a specific alignment. Humans are also the only ones capable of leveling up and having their Stats upgraded at the discretion of the player.
There are a wide variety of demons from various mythologies in Shin Megami Tensei; each has its own unique statistics, and a skillset of up to three abilities or spells. These abilities are permanent (unlike the ability system in Shin Megami Tensei II or Shin Megami Tensei: Nocturne) and cannot be changed. Also, each demon has unique resistances and weaknesses to certain attacks. As such, strategies revolve around having the right demon summoned for the right job, and keeping the ones too susceptible in the party's computer.
Demons (akuma) in the Megaten games can be compared to daemons; in contrast to the more conventional, malevolent demons. Anything from a folktale creature (such as a Pixie) to an ideal Judeo-Christian Archangel is referred to as a demon. These mythical creatures have been thought to bring harm to human beings in one way or another, ranging from devouring by ghouls to punishment by the heavenly gods.
The alignment of a demon is measured by two attributes:
- Light - Neutral - Dark
- Law - Neutral - Chaos
Law is associated with God, order and peace. In the game it is represented by the Messian religion, and the colors blue and white. The Law alignment promotes order and safety, but taken to an extreme it leads to dictatorship and elitism. The main goal of the Law factions in the game is to establish the Thousand Year Kingdom, a paradise on Earth ruled over by God. The truth is that only a select few who are judged worthy would be allowed to live in the Thousand Year Kingdom, while everyone else would be killed. Those who do live in the Thousand Year Kingdom would be subject to its strict, absolute laws.
Chaos is associated with Lucifer, freedom and war. In the game it is represented by the Gaian religion, and the colors red and black. This alignment promotes freedom of choice, thought and action above all else in stark contrast to the controlling nature of the Law alignment. However, this freedom can lead to a vast amount of suffering and anarchy, leading the world into a primal state of unsuppressed vice and survival of the fittest. The main goal of the Chaos factions is to crush the Messian forces opposing them and attain complete and total power over Tokyo.
Also known as "Balance", the Neutral alignment accepts the need for laws to govern the world but not at the cost of personal freedom. It rejects the concept of relying on Lawful or Chaotic powers to focus instead on personal empowerment, respect for the rights of others, and the inherent strength of Mankind. Although the most idealistic alignment, it is also the hardest alignment to attain because of its isolationist nature and requires the person to make enemies of both the Law and Chaos factions, destroying everything to gain everything.
Human characters also possess alignments. There are certain items that can only be equipped to a character of the correct alignment, and the Messian (Law) or Gaia (Chaos) churches will charge more money if the Hero is of an opposing alignment. Demons will also refuse to join the Hero if his alignment directly opposes theirs.
The alignment of the Hero is determined by a number of factors. Summoning demons will alter the Hero's alignment slightly towards the alignment of the demon summoned. Most importantly, the Hero will be given tasks by both the Law and Chaos factions in the game. Completing one of these tasks will heavily alter the Hero's alignment in favour of the respective faction, while completing both will keep him on the Neutral alignment. The alignment of the Hero directly affects the ending of the game.
The story is set in Tokyo in the year 199X. Demons from the nether-realm of Makai have found their way back to Earth, and as such have upset the balance of power. A charismatic Japanese leader attempts a coup d'état using these demons as a potent military force, forcing America to intervene with its military. The player, as the hero, becomes involved when sent a Devil Summoning Program via email which allows him to converse with and recruit demons to fight for him, storing them as digital data on his computer.
In the aftermath of the ensuing destruction, the hero must decide what kind of world should be created on its ruins. Will he side with the angels and create a kingdom of absolute order that would last for a thousand years, or will he side with the demons and bring about an eternal anarchy, or will he choose neither, and destroy everyone who opposes him?
The four main human characters in the game are given no default name. Instead, the player is allowed to name them and assign their statistics. For the PlayStation remake of the game, they were given names in the official strategy guide "Steven Report 1". The artbook, Kazuma Kaneko Complete Illustration Works also gives English names to each (except for Heroine).
- The player character and protagonist of the game, although never shown to speak. The Hero is given a Demon Summoning program by Steven at the beginning of the game, and is able to use it because of his innate talent. He is caught up in events when he is falsely accused of murder and thrown into prison, where he meets Law Hero. Later he meets the Chaos Hero and joins forces with Heroine to stop the launch of the nuclear missiles that would destroy Japan. He fails, but survives when the Heroine teleports him to the safety of Makai.
- It is his destiny to create the new world as the new Adam, but what kind of world he creates depends on his experiences in the aftermath of the Great Destruction. If he chooses the Law alignment, he creates the Thousand Year Kingdom of God with the angels. If he chooses the Chaos alignment, he creates a world of demonic anarchy with Lucifer. If he chooses the Neutral alignment, he destroys both the angels and the demons and seeks to create a world of true freedom, built by the hands of man.
- A statue of him can be found in the Colosseum in Shin Megami Tensei II, naming him as the "first champion".
- In "Steven Report 1", he is given the name Kazuya and in the "Kazuma Kaneko Complete Illustration Works" he is identified as Futsuo.
- The leader of the underground Resistance movement against the machinations of Gotou, the Heroine is a strong woman who is saved by the Hero during a prophetic dream at the beginning of the game. She is also shown to have incredible spiritual powers, and saves the Hero, Law Hero and Chaos Hero by teleporting them to Makai moments before the Great Destruction. She is spiritually linked to the Hero as his destined partner in creating the new world; the Eve to his Adam.
- She is killed during the Great Destruction, but is reincarnated as a young girl who is rumoured to be the Messiah, forgetting everything about her previous life except for her link to the Hero. She is captured in Shibuya and has her mind invaded by a demon who begins devouring her sanity from the inside out. As she is spiritually connected to the Hero, he feels her incredible pain whenever the moon is full and loses some of his health. With the help of the PsychoDiver, the Hero is able to enter the Heroine's mind and eradicate the demon within, freeing her from its control. Regaining the physical form of her past life, she stays by the Hero's side until the end of the game, no matter which alignment path is chosen.
- In "Steven Report 1", she is given the name Yuka.
- Law Hero
- A young man who is first encountered by the Hero in jail, having been captured while searching for his girlfriend, who happens to be the Hero's next door neighbor. He is shown to be kind and compassionate, but also extremely determined in achieving his goals.
- After the Great Destruction, he naturally gravitates towards the message of peace broadcast by the Messian religion and eventually becomes enthralled by it. He is killed when his soul is stolen from his body by a demon called Black Baron. His soul is liberated by the Hero, and a messenger of God-- believing him to be worthy-- guides his soul to heaven. He is later resurrected as the Messiah, whose task is to establish the Thousand Year Kingdom, a supposed paradise on Earth ruled by God. Now completely dedicated to God, he follows the orders of the angels without question, believing his cause to be righteous and infallible. In the Neutral and Chaos alignment paths he is killed by the Hero, while in the Law alignment path he is killed by Chaos Hero.
- In "Steven Report 1", he is given the name Yuji and in the "Kazuma Kaneko Complete Illustration Works" he is identified as Yoshio.
- Chaos Hero
- A violent young man who is first seen being beaten up by a gang of thugs led by a man named Ozawa. He joins the Hero to get revenge against Ozawa for humiliating him. In contrast to Law Hero he is quite cruel and unforgiving, believing that people should stand with their own power and refusing to offer aid to the needy. However, despite his tough talk he is shown to be emotionally weak, and is always relying on others for companionship and emotional strength.
- After the Great Destruction, he attempts to kill Ozawa (who has become the ruler of the Shinjuku district) but fails when Ozawa summons a powerful demon as his bodyguard. He comes to the conclusion that true strength comes from demonic power and fuses himself with a demon at the Jakyou, gaining incredible strength. He easily kills Ozawa and leaves the Hero, proclaiming that he has no further use for him. He later takes on a girl called Rie (Chaos Heroine) as his companion and joins forces with the demons to bring about an era of anarchy. In the Law and Neutral alignment paths he is killed by the Hero. In the Chaos alignment path, he is consumed by the raw power of the Devil Ring he greedily snatches from the Hero, dying in the process.
- In "Steven Report 1", he is given the name Takeshi and in the "Kazuma Kaneko Complete Illustration Works" he is identified as Waruo.
- A beautiful woman who pledges to be the Hero's eternal partner, promising to always stay by his side. Her true identity is Lilith, a manipulative, shapeshifting demon who desperately wishes to be Hero's Eve in creating the new world. To this end, she attempts to get rid of everyone close to the Hero so that he will only be able to rely on her, kidnapping and imprisoning the Heroine (the true Eve).
- After the Great Destruction, she becomes the companion of Chaos Hero as Rie, the Chaos Heroine. This is so that she can get close to the Hero, her true objective. In all the alignment paths she is killed by the Hero, but in the Chaos path she expresses more regret for her actions and asks the Hero for forgiveness before she dies.
- A disabled computer programmer in a wheelchair who wrote the Demon Summoning Program. This program allows someone to converse with demons and store them as digital data on a memory chip, though only those possessing natural talent would be able to use it properly. It also possesses an Auto-Mapping function. Knowing of the imminent threat of the demonic invasion, STEVEN sent his program to as many people as possible through the Internet with the hope that some would be able to use it to either avert the coming crisis or survive in the world it created.
- STEVEN was also the main architect of the Terminal System project, whose goal was to develop instantaneous travel between computer terminals. During one of these experiments, a terminal was accidentally connected to Makai, causing a demon to appear and inflict the crippling wounds that have caused Steven's current condition. His bitterness at this was the motivation for the creation of the Demon Summoning Program, which would capture and bind those demons as allies.
- He survives the Great Destruction and can be found in Ginza, where he upgrades the capabilities of the Demon Summoning Program to allow the Hero to store more demons and summon more demons at once. He survives in all alignment paths and reappears in Shin Megami Tensei II, though his appearance is unusual considering Shin Megami Tensei II takes place decades after the first game.
- He is based on the real-life theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking.
- A charismatic military general who acts as the catalyst for the Great Destruction. After learning that Steven's Terminal System had created a portal to Makai, he sought to use these demons as a military force to prevent the establishment of the Thousand Year Kingdom of God, a conspiracy that had started long before the events of Shin Megami Tensei.
- As an avid follower of the Gaian religion, he believed that Mother Gaia had been forgotten and neglected, leading to the current state of the world. He also believed that the demons were ancient gods that had been awakened to heal the broken planet and prevent its destruction. Learning of an American plot to destroy Japan with nuclear missiles (which was actually due to the manipulations of Thor), he instituted martial law in Tokyo and began building up an army of demons to fight the incoming threat. Knowing only the name of the leader of the Resistance opposing him, he ordered the capture of any girl with the same name as the Heroine.
- He is killed by the Hero in the Law or Neutral alignment paths, and killed by the Great Destruction in the Chaos path.
- A cocky gang leader that is first seen beating up Chaos Hero in the Shinjuku Mall. It is revealed that he has the same demon summoning talents as the Hero, and joins forces with Goto with the intention of one day usurping the general's position and seizing control for himself.
- He survives the Great Destruction and becomes the ruler of the Shinjuku district, striking a deal with the demons that allows humans to live there but under his command. Anyone who disobeys him is captured by his secret police and brainwashed by the PsychoDiver, another one of his subordinates.
- When the Hero's party first meets him after the Great Destruction, he doesn't recognise them and summons a powerful demon to act as his bodyguard. This prompts Chaos Hero to fuse himself with a demon at the Jakyou to gain the power necessary to successfully kill Ozawa.
- Ambassador Thorman
- The American ambassador to Japan. When he learns that Goto has discovered a way of summoning demons from Makai and intends to stage a coup d'état, he calls upon the American military to provide resistance against the threat. He later asks the Hero for his assistance in defeating Goto to prevent the demons from overrunning the Earth.
- His real identity is Thor, an agent of God dedicated to the establishment of the Thousand Year Kingdom. Whether or not the Hero successfully kills Goto for him, he obliterates Japan with his "Hammer of Thor" (a barrage of ICBMs) to further the cause of the Thousand Year Kingdom. He is killed by the Hero in the Neutral and Chaos alignment paths, and survives in the Law alignment path.
- Louis Cyphre
- A young man who can be found after the Great Destruction observing the Hero's actions. He hints at a much greater knowledge of what is happening, and seems to befriend many demons quite easily. He is in fact a human pseudonym of Lucifer who appears in each one of the four "Shin Megami Tensei" games.
- At the end of the Chaos alignment path he appears in his true form to offer his congratulations to the Hero for defeating the God of Law and resurrecting the olden gods, but warns that the "true enemy" (referring to YHWH in Shin Megami Tensei II) still exists.
- Old Man
- An old man who the hero first encounters in Inoshigire Park who senses the danger that is to come to Tokyo. He survives the Great Destruction and can reveal the hero's current alignment by reminding him about what is right or wrong. His true identity is Taishang Laozhun.
Originally released for the Super Famicom October 30, 1992, Shin Megami Tensei was later ported to the PC Engine Super CD-Rom and Mega-CD. The game was then re-released on the PlayStation and the Game Boy Advance.
In an interview with Siliconera, Atlus USA editor Nich Maragos said that while Atlus has developed a number of mobile games, such as Persona 3 Social and Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Hunter Zero, Atlus USA has had a passing interest in localizing them for the English-speaking market until the opportunity to localize Shin Megami Tensei came up. He said that by the time the Megami Tensei series took off in America, they had already "missed the boat on the PSX and GBA rereleases", so the iOS re-release was a perfect opportunity to fill in one of the gaps in the series for the Western market.
Translator Mai Namba said that the localization project went slow at first, since extracting the game files from the Shin Megami Tensei iOS ROM "took some tinkering with". Because of that, the localization team started off by playing the game, and figuring out what kind of dialogue texts and system messages there were; after that they got the program text to insert the English translations into.
When asked how editing Shin Megami Tensei compared to Shin Megami Tensei IV, Maragos said that it was very different; Shin Megami Tensei IV, he said, was a big story with a lot of conversation, while Shin Megami Tensei's cutscenes were "like short, sharp shocks". The plot had just as many twists, he said, but everything was much shorter and to the point.
Maragos noted that Atlus USA had unintentionally laid the groundwork for how Shin Megami Tensei was to be localized ever since his first project at the company, since later, already localized, games in the series featured callbacks to terms and lines from the first game; for instance, the Great Cataclysm, an event which occurs in Shin Megami Tensei and was referred to by that name in the later game Devil Summoner: Raidou Kuzunoha vs. The Soulless Army, and a part in the Void Quest dungeon in Persona 4, where the opening of Shin Megami Tensei was quoted. All already localized terms and lines from such callbacks were preserved in the localization of Shin Megami Tensei.
When asked about how it was to go through the old source code to the game, Maragos said that it was "a real trip", and that most of the games they work on have only been finished for two to six months when the localization process starts, but that the date stamps on the Shin Megami Tensei files were over ten years old.
As for text limitations, Maragos said that he would have been nervous if he had had to work on the Super Famicom version of the game, where memory limitations were very strict, but that the iOS version was not so bad. He said that for the iOS version, they did only have a four lines with 28 characters each to work on per text window, which was less than they were used to, but that they were able to split up longer texts into several windows as needed.
Namba noted that Atlus has a certain way to code text that has remained consistent over the years, making it easy to recognize codes used for new windows and text formatting, but that while they were able to change the font in Shin Megami Tensei IV to a thinner one to allow for more text, that was not the case for Shin Megami Tensei. The developers did manage to make them a thinner font, but they still had to worry about the character limitations.
Finally, Siliconera asked Namba if there were a chance that Shin Megami Tensei II would be localized as well, to which she replied that "it would be awesome", but that they had no plans for the moment.
On release, Famitsu magazine gave the original Super Famicom version a score of 36 out of 40, with all four reviewers giving it a 9 out of 10. This made it one of their three highest-rated games of 1992, along with Dragon Quest V and World of Illusion Starring Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck. Shin Megami Tensei was also one of only eleven games to have received a Famitsu score of 36/40 or above up until 1992. Famitsu magazine later scored the PlayStation version of the game a 30 out of 40.
In other media
Shin Megami Tensei Kahn, a manga spinoff of the game, was released in English. Set after the events of Shin Megami Tensei if...'s manga adaptation, it features a troubled teenager named Nobu who is framed for the murder of his mother that was killed by a demon. His sidekick Pixie is also kidnapped by Colonel Gotou, who is attempting to use the demons for his own purposes.
- Santos, Carlo (14 March 2008). "Shin Megami Tensei: Kahn GN 1". Anime News Network. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Douresseaux, Leroy (26 March 2008). "Shin Megami Tensei (KAHN): Volume 1". Comic Book Bin. Toon Doctor Inc. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Oxford, Nadia (31 January 2008). "Shin Megami Tensei Kahn, Volume One". Mania. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Sparrow, A. E. (1 April 2008). "Shin Megami Tensei: Kahn Volume 1 Review". IGN. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Smith, David F. (February 2008). "Shin Megami Tensei KAHN". Newtype USA 7 (2): p. 101. ISSN 1541-4817.
- "Famitsu Hall of Fame". Geimin. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- プレイステーション - 真・女神転生. Weekly Famitsu. No.915 Pt.2. Pg.25. 30 June 2006.
- Official websites for North America, Japan
- Shin Megami Tensei on iOS
- Shin Megami Tensei on Google Play (Japanese)
- Shin Megami Tensei on PlayStation Network (Japanese)