Shin Ryu

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Shin Ryu
Hangul 신류
Hanja 申瀏
Revised Romanization Sin Ryu
McCune–Reischauer Sin Ryu

Shin Ryu (Hangul신류; Hanja申瀏; 1619–1680) was a general of the Joseon dynasty. He was born into a yangban family of the Pyeongsan Shin lineage in modern-day Chilgok County, Gyeongsangbuk-do, near where his shrine now stands in Yangmok-myeon. He passed the military gwageo in 1645, and went on to hold various state positions. In 1654, he was appointed commander (cheomsa, 僉使) of Hyesan in Joseon's northern border province of Hamgyeongbuk-do.

1658 expedition[edit]

Shin is best remembered today for his role in Joseon's 1658 expedition against Russian forces led by Onufriy Stepanov in Manchuria. His diary of this expedition, in which roughly 200 Joseon forces from Hamgyeongbuk-do armed with matchlocks joined with a smaller number of Qing forces commanded by Šarhūda to repel the Russian expedition, is one of only two the "Diary of the northern expedition" (북정일기, 北征日記). A modern edition was published in 1980. A Russian translation of his account is available as well; according to the Russian translator and the author of the comments, a particular significance of this document is that it represents the first ever written account about an encounter between Koreans and Russians.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Дневник генерала Син Ню 1658 г - первое письменное свидетельство о встрече русских и корейцев Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. (General Shin Ryu's 1659 diary, the first written account of a meeting between Russians and Koreans) (in Russian)

External links[edit]