|Revised Romanization||Sin Yun-bok|
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Shin Yun-bok, better known by his pen name Hyewon (1758–1813), was a Korean painter of the Joseon Dynasty. Like his contemporaries Danwon and Geungjae, he is known for his realistic depictions of daily life in his time. His genre paintings are distinctly more erotic than Danwon's, a fact which contributed to his expulsion from the royal painting institute, Dohwaseo. Painting was frequently a hereditary occupation in the Joseon period, and Hyewon's father and grandfather had both been court painters. Together with Danwon and the later painter Owon, Hyewon is remembered today as one of the "Three Wons" of Joseon-period painting.
Not much is known about Shin Yun-bok's life. He was the son of royal court painter Hanpyeong (한평; 漢枰), who had participated in painting the royal portraits of Yeongjo and Jeongjo. Hyewon reached the official rank of cheomjeoljesa (첨절제사; 僉節制使) at the Dohwaseo and was adept at different styles of painting; genre, landscape, and animals. It is speculated that he left a great number of paintings due to the popularity of genre paintings during that era.
Style and legacy
Shin Yun-bok, despite being greatly influenced and overshadowed by Kim Hong-do during his career, developed his own unique technique and artistry. Along with Kim Hong-Do, he is known foremost for his genre paintings of the Joseon era. Whereas Kim depicted everyday life of peasants with a humorous touch, Shin showed glimpses of eroticism in his paintings of townspeople and gisaeng. His choice of characters, composition, and painting method differed from Kim's, with use of bright colors and delicate paint strokes. He also painted scenes of shamanism and townlife, offering insight to lifestyle and costumes of the late Joseon era.
His ink landscape paintings used clear light strokes in a method similar to that of Yun Je-hong (윤제홍), the pioneer in new style painting of the late Joseon era. He is also known to not have used the traditional method of leaving empty space in his paintings, usually filling the whole canvas. Although he placed short verse and his seal on most of his paintings, none indicate the date nor time of their creation and it is difficult to define the progression of his painting style. As one of the pillars of genre painting in the Joseon era, he influenced many other painters afterwards.
- Portrait of a Beauty (미인도; 美人圖): Painting on silk. Depicts the standard of traditional beauty in the Joseon era. Realistic details of the hanbok are notable.
- Dano day (단오도; 端午圖): Painting on paper. Depicts a scene on Dano day; semi-nudes bathing in the stream, a woman in a bright red hanbok rides a swing, two young monks peek in the background.
Six paintings from the Yeosokdo Album (여속도첩):
Four paintings from the Pungsokdo Album. See Hyewon pungsokdo for a complete gallery of this album (30 paintings).
Scenery on Dano day
In the novel Painter of the Wind by Lee Jung-myung, Hyewon is portrayed as a woman disguised as a man. In 2008, the novel was adapted into a drama series of the same name starring Moon Geun-young, as well as the film Portrait of a Beauty starring Kim Min-sun.
- Choi Yongbeom (최용범), Reading Korean history in one night (하룻밤에 읽는 한국사) p299, Paper Road, Seoul, 2007. ISBN 89-958266-3-0.
- (Korean) Shin Yun-bok at Daum Culture Dictionary
- Lee Younghwa (이영화), Joseon era, Joseon people (조선시대, 조선사람들) p102, Garam Publishing, Seoul, 1998. ISBN 89-85466-02-X
- (Korean) Shin Yun-bok at Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
- (Korean) Shin Yun-bok at Doosan Encyclopedia
- (Korean) 3 mysteries of Shin Yun-bok, Maekyung, 2008-10-22. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- (Korean) Shin Yun-bok at The Academy of Korean Studies
- Pratt 1999, pp. 421–422
- Turner 2003, p. (28)782
- (Korean) Hyewon pungsokdo at Doosan Encyclopedia
- (Korean) Shin Yun-bok at Britannica Korea
- (Korean) Portrait of a beauty at Doosan Encyclopedia
- (Korean) Scene of Dano at Doosan Encyclopedia
- Lee Jeong-myeong (이정명), Painter of the Wind Vol. 1 & 2, Million House, Seoul, 2007. ISBN 978-89-91643-26-0 & ISBN 978-89-91643-27-7.
- (English) Mysterious Artist Resurfaces on Modern Culture Scene, Korea Times, 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- (Korean) Brief information about Hyewon from Korean culture figures, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism
- (English) New drama on Joseon's legendary painters from official Korea site, 2008-11-13. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- (English) Shin Yun-bok in the Spotlight from KBS World, 2008-11-12. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
- (English) Arts of Korea, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on Shin Yun-bok