Shina people

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Shina people
Shina language.png
Ethnic Groups in Pakistan (Dark Orange Area in Pakistan and India)
Regions with significant populations
Gilgit Baltistan, Kashmir
 Pakistan 2,084,673 (in 2004)
 India 185,720
Languages
Shina
Religion
Shi'a Islam (majority)
Sunni Islam (minority)
Related ethnic groups
Dardic peoples

The Shina are the Dardic, pre-Islamic tribe originating in southern Gilgit–Baltistan, Chitral and western part of Kohistan district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan, as well as Dras Valley and Gurais/ Kishenganga Valley region in northern Kashmir of India. They also live in some parts of Pakistani Kashmir. They speak an Indo-Aryan language, called Shina language, with varied dialects. Some Shina speak Brokskat.[citation needed]

Shina people are found in Shinkari (the part of the Indus Valley below Gor to the Pak-Afghan border near Ghorband), Gor, Chilas, Tangir, the Indus Valley below Sazin, and the upper part of the Gilgit Valley above Ponyal.[1][better source needed]

History[edit]

In the 4th century, the Greek historian Herodotus described an ethnic group who spoke the Brokpa language and lived on the Deosai Plateau of Gilgit-Baltistan.[citation needed]

Pre-Islamic Hindu Shin names[edit]

Shin Names Men

Moosing Hubba Sing Ram Sing
Kummosing Gissing Poonyar Sing
MelSing Chumar Sing Singoo
Dem Sing Boonyal Sing Dingoo
Hinnasing Gelsing[3]

Shin Names Women

Sheli Bai Sookoomull Rozi Bai
Shubibi Bibi Shermull
Shoosha Bai Bai[4]

Festivals[edit]

Chili marks commencement of wheat sowing which is similar to wheat sowing celebrations all over the Indian subcontinent with different names like Lohri and Makar Sakranti. Chilli also had years ago a further connection with the worship of the Cedar, now in the main dropped.[5]

Ceder worship is prevalent among all historic Hindu communities of Himalayas from Hindu Kush region to Himachal and Uttarakhand. It is known as Deodar derived from Sanskrit word Devadaru, which means "wood of the gods", a compound of deva (god) and dāru (wood, etym. tree). The Cedar is also sacred in Kafiristan.[6] Like the one described above. The Drassi Dards also celebrate chilli ceremony, lomay, nisalo. The people of Gilgit Baltistan,chilas are celebrate, ″—— spring fastivel, summer fastivel,

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and NorthWest provinces, compiled by H.A. Rose, vol III Page 405
  2. ^ Tribes of the Hindoo Koosh John Biddulph Sang e meel Publications Page 99
  3. ^ Tribes of the Hindoo Koosh John Biddulph Sang e meel Publications Page 99
  4. ^ Tribes of the Hindoo Koosh John Biddulph Sang e meel Publications Page 99
  5. ^ The making of a frontier Five years' experiences and adventures in Gilgit By Algernon George Arnold Durand Page 210
  6. ^ The making of a frontier Five years' experiences and adventures in Gilgit By Algernon George Arnold Durand Page 209