Location of Shinagawa in Tokyo Metropolis
|• Total||22.84 km2 (8.82 sq mi)|
|Population (April 1, 2016)|
|• Density||16,510/km2 (42,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
Shinagawa (品川区 Shinagawa-ku?) is a special ward in Tokyo, Japan. While somewhat misleadingly referred to as Shinagawa City in bureaucratic English translations (it is not a city in its own right, but a subsection of the metropolis of Tokyo), in natural English it is more commonly known simply as Shinagawa, as Shinagawa Ward, or (particularly in street addresses) as Shinagawa-ku. The ward is home to ten embassies.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Politics and government
- 4 Economy
- 5 Places
- 6 Education
- 7 Transport
- 8 Events
- 9 Sister cities
- 10 Gallery
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Shinagawa includes natural uplands and lowlands, as well as reclaimed land. The uplands are the eastern end of the Musashino Terrace. They include Shiba-Shirokanedai north of the Meguro River, Megurodai between the Meguro and Tachiai Rivers, and Ebaradai south of the Tachiai River.
The ward consists of five districts:
- Shinagawa District, including the former Shinagawa-juku on the Tōkaidō.
- Ōsaki (大崎?) District, formerly a town of that name, stretching from Ōsaki Station to Gotanda and Meguro Stations.
- Ebara (荏原?) District, formerly a town of that name.
- Ōi (大井?) District, formerly a town of that name.
- Yashio (八潮?) District, consisting of reclaimed land, including Higashiyashio on Odaiba.
Most of Tokyo east of the Imperial Palace is reclaimed land. A large portion of reclamation happened during the Edo period. Following the Meiji Restoration and the Abolition of the han system, Shinagawa prefecture was instituted in 1869. The prefectural administration was planned to be set up in present-day Shinagawa in the Ebara District. In 1871, Shinagawa prefecture was integrated into Tokyo Prefecture.
The ward was founded on March 15, 1947 through the administrative amalgamation of the former Ebara Ward with the former Shinagawa Ward. Both Ebara Ward and Shinagawa Ward had been created in 1932, with the outward expansion of the municipal boundaries of the Tokyo City following the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake.
In the Edo period, Shinagawa-juku was the first shukuba (post town) in the "53 Stations of the Tōkaidō" a traveler would reach after setting out from Nihonbashi on the Tōkaidō highway from Edo to Kyoto. The post-town function is retained today with several large hotels near the train station offering 6,000 hotel rooms, the largest concentration in the city. The Tokugawa shogunate maintained the Suzugamori execution grounds in Shinagawa.
Politics and government
Embassies in Shinagawa
Many companies are headquartered in Shinagawa. Isuzu, an auto manufacturer; JTB Corporation, a major travel agency; Nippon Light Metal, an aluminum and chemical products company; MOS Burger (in the ThinkPark Tower, Ōsaki); Lawson (East Tower of Gate City Ohsaki in Ōsaki), Namco Bandai Holdings; Namco Bandai Games; Banpresto; Rakuten, Honda brand Acura; Toyo Seikan, a packaging manufacturer; NSK Ltd., a bearing maker; Fuji Electric, an electrical equipment manufacturer; Imagica, a media post-production company; and Pola Cosmetics all have their headquarters within Shinagawa Ward. Marza Animation Planet also has its headquarters in Shinagawa.
Japan Airlines (JAL), the head office of its subsidiary JAL Hotels, and registered offices of JAL Express and JALways are located in the Tennōzu Isle area. In addition, Jalux, a subsidiary, has its head office in the I·S Building. One group of employees moved into the building on July 26, 2010, and one on August 2, 2010.
Other companies maintain branch offices or research facilities in Shinagawa. Sony operates the Gotenyama Technology Center and the Osaki East Technology Center in Shinagawa. Sony used to have its headquarters in Shinagawa. Sony moved to Minato, Tokyo around the end of 2006 and closed the Osaki West Technology Center in Shinagawa around 2007. Adobe Systems maintains its Japan headquarters on the 19th Floor of Gate City Ohsaki near Ōsaki Station, while Siemens AG has its Japan offices in Takanawa Park Tower. Phoenix Technologies operates its Japan office on the 8th floor of the Gotanda NN Building in Gotanda. Siemens Japan and Philips also have offices in Shinagawa. Microsoft and ExxonMobil have their Japanese headquarters in Konan, Minato, near Shinagawa.
Former economic operations
Prior to its dissolution, JAL subsidiary Japan Asia Airways was also headquartered in the JAL Building. GEOS, an English language school company, once had its headquarters in Shinagawa. At one time Air Nippon had its headquarters in Shinagawa.
- Hara Museum of Contemporary Art
- The Museum of Maritime Science
- Shinagawa Historical Museum (ja)
- SHINAGAWA AQUARIUM (ja)
- The Shiki Theatre Natsu (ja)
- The Galaxy Thetre (ja)
- Ohi Racecourse
- Site of Suzugamori Execution Grounds
- Site of Hamakawa Gun Battery
- Togoshi Ginza Shopping District (ja)
- Musashi Koyama Shopping District "PALM" (ja)
- Buddhist temples
- Shintō shrines
- Hoshi University
- Rissho University
- Seisen University
- Showa University
- Tokyo Health Care University
- Sugino Fashion College
- Advanced Institute of Industrial Technology - graduate school
- Tokyo Metropolitan College of Industrial Technology (ja) - college of technology (kōsen)
Primary and secondary education
Public elementary and junior high schools are operated by the Shinagawa Ward Board of Education. Public high schools are operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education.
- Private high schools
- Ono Gakuen Girls' Junior High and Senior High School (ja)
- Kogyokusha Junior High and Senior High School (ja)
- St. Hilda's School (Kōran Jogakkō Junior High and Senior High School) (ja)
- Shinagawa Etoile Girls' High School (ja)
- Shinagawa Joshi Gakuin Junior High and Senior High School (ja)
- SEIRYO Junior High and Senior High School (ja)
- Nihon Ongaku High School (ja)
- The Junior High and Senior High School affiliated to the Bunkyo University (ja)
- HOYU-GAKUIN High School (ja)
- International schools
- Canadian International School in Tokyo
- Special education schools
Important railway stations
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East)
- Tokyu Corporation (Tōkyū)
- Tokyo Waterfront Area Rapid Transit (Rinkai Line): Tennōzu Isle, Shinagawa Seaside, Ōimachi and Ōsaki Stations
- Tokyo Monorail: Tennōzu Isle and Ōi Keibajō-mae Stations
- Keikyu Corporation (Keikyū)
- Tokyo Metro
- Namboku Line: Meguro Station
- Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation (Toei)
- Shuto Expressway (Shutokō)
- National highways
Shinagawa is also home to the main motor vehicle registration facility for central Tokyo (located east of Samezu Station). As a result, many license plates in Tokyo are labeled with the name "Shinagawa."
The abduction of Kiyoshi Kariya by the Aum Shinrikyo cult occurred in Shinagawa. On February 28, 1995, cult members abducted Kariya, a public employee, and took him to their facility in Kamikuishiki, Yamanashi. Cult members, including Ikuo Hayashi, injected Kariya with sodium thiopental in order to discover the location of the man's sister (a former Aum member), but Kariya unexpectedly died.
- Harbin, People's Republic of China - educational exchange city(教育交流都市)
- Hayakawa, Yamanashi, Japan
- Yamakita, Kanagawa, Japan
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- "会社概要." JAL Hotels. Retrieved on February 5, 2010. "本社 ： 〒140-0002 東京都品川区東品川２-４-11 JALビル１３F."
- "Corporate Profile." Jalux. Retrieved on December 6, 2011. "Head Office I·S Building, 3-32-42 Higashi Shinagawa, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo"
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