Shine (1910 song)

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Shine (originally titled That's Why They Call Me Shine) is a popular song with lyrics by Cecil Mack and Tin Pan Alley songwriter Lew Brown and music by Ford Dabney. It was published in 1910 by Gotham-Attucks and used by Ada Walker in His Honor the Barber, an African-American road show.

It was later recorded by jazz and jazz influenced artists such as Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald, Benny Goodman, Harry James, and Frankie Laine, usually without the explanatory introduction. It also featured as one of the songs sung by Sam (Dooley Wilson) and the band at Rick's Cafe in the movie Casablanca. According to Perry Bradford, himself a songster and publisher, the song was written about an actual man named Shine who was with George Walker when they were badly beaten during the New York City race riot of 1900.[1]

Bing Crosby recorded the song with The Mills Brothers on February 29, 1932 with an orchestra conducted by Victor Young.[2] It was issued on Brunswick Records 11376=A, a 78 rpm record[3] and it is assessed by Joel Whitburn as reaching the No. 7 position in the charts of the day.[4]

As a member of The Hoboken Four, Frank Sinatra sang this song in 1935 on Major Bowes Amateur Hour.

John William Sublett (aka John W. Bubbles) animates "Shine" brilliantly in a song-and-dance number in the 1943 movie Cabin in the Sky.

Albert Nicholas, clarinet, with The Big Chief Jazz Band recorded it in Oslo on August 29, 1955. Released on the 78 rpm record Philips P 53037 H.

Anne Murray included this song on her 1976 Capitol Records album, Keeping In Touch.

Ry Cooder recorded the song complete with introduction in 1978.

Spanish vocal quartet Los Rosillo, recorded a Spanish version, with the original spoken intro, in their debut album in 1988.

Louis Armstrong version[edit]

The song was performed in a film short Rhapsody in Black and Blue by Armstrong. A 1931 recording by Armstrong with his Sebastian New Cotton Club Orchestra is a subset of the complete lyric of the 1910 version and the expanded later version, with added scat singing and long instrumental ending:

[Instrumental opening ~35 sec.]
Oh chocolate drop, that’s me
’Cause, my hair is curly
Just because my teeth are pearly
Just because I always wear a smile
Like to dress up in the latest style
’Cause I’m glad I’m livin’
Take troubles all with a smile
Just because my color's shady
Makes no difference, baby
That’s why they call me "Shine"
[repeat words with scat and straight jazz instrumental ~2 min.]

SHINE (That's Why They Call Me Shine) (Cecil Mack, Lew Brown)

Ry Cooder version with original introduction[edit]

On his 1978 album Jazz, Ry Cooder performed the song in a "52nd Street" small band setting, with the introductory verse that explains what the song is all about. He noted that it had been written in 1910 near the end of the "Coon song era", and described it as a unique comment on the black face sensibilities of that genre.

When I was born they christened me plain Samuel Johnson Brown
But I hadn't grown so very big, 'fore some folks in this town
Had changed it 'round to "Sambo"; I was "Rastus" to a few
Then "Chocolate Drop" was added by some others that I knew
And then to cap the climax, I was strolling down the line
When someone shouted, "Fellas, hey! Come on and pipe the shine!"
But I don't care a bit. Here's how I figure it:
Well, just because my hair is curly
And just because my teeth are pearly
Just because I always wear a smile
Likes to dress up in the latest style*
Just because I'm glad I'm livin'
Takes trouble smilin', never whine
Just because my color's shady
Slightly different maybe
That's why they call me shine.
Wear my jeans like a man of means (he always dresses in the latest style).


  1. ^ Morgan, Thomas L. "Cecil Mack – R. C. McPherson". Jazz Roots. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "A Bing Crosby Discography". BING magazine. International Club Crosby. Retrieved April 23, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Brunswick 6000 series numerical listing". The Online Discographicsl Project. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
  4. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1986). Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories 1890-1954. Wisconsin, USA: Record Research Inc. p. 103. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.