Shingay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Shingay
Shingay village, Cambs - geograph.org.uk - 104744.jpg
Shingay is located in Cambridgeshire
Shingay
Shingay
Shingay shown within Cambridgeshire
OS grid referenceTL307467
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townRoyston
Postcode districtSG8
Dialling code01223
PoliceCambridgeshire
FireCambridgeshire
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°06′12″N 0°05′35″W / 52.1034°N 0.0930°W / 52.1034; -0.0930Coordinates: 52°06′12″N 0°05′35″W / 52.1034°N 0.0930°W / 52.1034; -0.0930

Shingay is a hamlet in the civil parish of Shingay cum Wendy in South Cambridgeshire, England around 5 miles north west of Royston.

History[edit]

Shingay was a separate parish until 1957 when it was merged with neighbouring Wendy to form the present civil parish of Shingay cum Wendy. The historical parish covered an area of 768 acres (311 ha). Its northern border with Croydon (formerly Croydon-cum-Clapton) followed the River Cam, and its eastern border with Wendy was marked by the North Ditch. Its southern border with Abington Pigotts also largely followed drainage channels, and its western border with Steeple Morden followed field boundaries marked by Shingay Gate Farm. The parish was largely wooded until the mid-19th century, but little woodland now remains.[1]

The medieval parish was dominated by the preceptory of the Knights Hospitallers which was situated on the south bank of the river and owned all the land in the parish between the early 12th century and 1540. When the order was suppressed in 1540 it held land in 42 parishes in Cambridgeshire as well as five other counties. Its proximity to the Old North Road resulted in its hosting royalty at various points.[1][2]

It is believed that the medieval village lay just to the east of the preceptory on the road towards Wendy. The village was depopulated in the 15th century. Population increased to a peak of 142 in 1851 but had dropped to 38 by the time it was merged with Wendy.[1]

The former parish church was dedicated to St Mary and possibly built at the same time as the preceptory. The medieval church was demolished in the late 17th century and in 1697 a new chapel, consisting of just a single room of two bays and west bell turret, was built by the Earl of Orford who had just obtained the manor. The chapel fell into disuse in the 18th century and the final trace of the building was removed by 1836.[1]

The village's name means "island of Scene's people".[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. 8. 1982. pp. 124–127.
  2. ^ A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. 2. 1948. pp. 266–269.
  3. ^ "Key to English placenames". Institute for Name Studies.

External links[edit]

Media related to Shingay at Wikimedia Commons