Logo for the Shinjō Matsuri, celebrating its 260th anniversary.
|Observed by||Shinjō, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan|
The Shinjō Matsuri (新庄まつりの山車行事) is a Japanese festival celebrated from 24–26 August in Shinjō, Yamagata Prefecture. Mikoshi and approximately twenty floats are drawn through the streets, accompanied by odori, drums, and other performers. It has a two hundred and fifty-year history and was designated as an Important Intangible Folk Cultural Property in 2009.
The festival in Shinjō, and in particular their use of floats called yatai (屋台), is thought to have been initiated in 1756 in the midst of a famine during the Hōreki era. The event was planned by Tozawa Masanobu (1720–1756) who was the head of the Shinjō domain. The festival served not only to serve as a time of prayer for the upcoming harvest, but also to improve morale among the populace. The floats appearing in the festival are thought to have been initially influenced by the Gion Matsuri, but have since focused on themes related to kabuki, legendary animals, and elaborate scenes in nature.
The festival has three stages: yoi matsuri (宵まつり "night festival"), hon matsuri (本まつり "main festival"), and go matsuri (後まつり "latter festival"). Floats will parade through the city while being accompanied by performers who play flutes, cymbals, taiko, and shamisen on a set repertoire of four pieces. The floats themselves are constructed by various municipalities within the city, and each municipality has its own associated performance group. Approximately 20 groups are represented in total. Generally, floats include life-size versions of famous kabuki performers, animals, and historical figures that are depicted in nature such as on mountains or rivers. One performance specific to the Shinjō Matsuri is the shishi-odori (鹿子踊り), a local dance that features men wearing deer-like hoods.
- List of Important Intangible Folk Cultural Properties
- Important Intangible Cultural Properties of Japan
- Lancashire, Terence A. (2011). An Introduction to Japanese Folk Performing Arts. Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate Pub. pp. 75–76, 171. ISBN 1409431339.
- "Database of Registered National Cultural Properties". Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
- "Yamagata: Shinjo Matsuri". The Japan Times. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
- "なぜ？謎？やまがた：新庄まつり、あす開幕 全ての山車にＧＰＳ ／山形". Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). 23 August 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
(in Japanese) Shinjō Matsuri homepage