Shinmoedake erupting in January 2011
|Elevation||1,421 m (4,662 ft)|
|Parent range||Mount Kirishima|
|Age of rock||over 1,300 years|
|Mountain type||Active stratovolcano|
|Last eruption||January to March 2011|
Shinmoe-dake (新燃岳?) is a volcano in Kagoshima Prefecture, Kyūshū, Japan, and a part of the Mount Kirishima cluster of volcanoes. It is believed to have formed between 7,300 and 25,000 years ago.
Eruptions from Shinmoedake were recorded in 1716, 1717, 1771, 1822, 1959, 1991, 2008, 2009, and 2011.
The 2011 eruptions began on 19 January. On 26 January, at 7:30 AM, increased eruption activity spewed ash over the surrounding area. The ash closed four railroad lines, and some airline service was cancelled due to heavy ash in the air. It was the largest eruption from Shinmoedake since 1959. On 27 January, the volcano alert level was raised to 3.
On 1 February, an even larger eruption sent smoke up to 2.5 km in the air and threw volcanic bombs up to 1.5 km.
During February 2011, a lava dome formed in Shinmoedake's crater. On February 17, an evacuation advisory was put in place for the Miyakonojo area for 2,500 people after heavy rains threatened to produce lahars, and at least 63 people evacuated.
Shinmoe-dake & Takachihonomine in December 1998
- Earthquakes and volcanoes, U-Tokyo. "Eruption of Shinmoedake (a stratovolcano of the Kirishima volcano group), Japan, 2011". University of Tokyo. Outreach and Public Relations Office. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- Experts warn recent Japanese volcanic eruptions similar to those 300 years ago Jan. 30, 2011. Yomiuri Shimbun
- Fujita, Akiko (January 27, 2011). "Volcano Erupts in Southern Japan, Smoke Seen 5,000 Feet Above the Crater". ABC News. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Johnston, Eric, "Latest volcano show: Shinmoe", Japan Times, 1 March 2011, p. 3.
- Takano, Saika; Michael Watson (February 17, 2011). "Residents near Japanese volcano urged to evacuate". Reuters. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- « Shinmoedake volcano erupts as Japan struggles in earthquake aftermath », peoplestar.co.uk, Retrieved on 2011-03-15.
- "Japanese volcano erupts". Times Live. March 13, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
- Kennedy, Helen (March 13, 2011). "Hundreds flee in Japan after Shinmoedake volcano begins spewing ash, boulders". New York Daily News. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Japan volcano Mount Shinmoedake, scene of Sean Connery 'You Only Live Twice' James Bond film, erupts". NY Daily News. January 27, 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-19.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mount Shinmoe.|
- Kirishimayama - Japan Meteorological Agency (Japanese)
- PDF - Japan Meteorological Agency
- Kirishima Volcano - Geological Survey of Japan
- Kirishimayama - Smithsonian Institution: Global Volcanism Program
- Explosive eruptions observed. January, 2011 - YouTube
- Mount Shinmoe Video Archive - Volcano Video HQ
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