The repertoire includes eight forms that may be traced back to the eighth century: kagura-uta (kagura songs), azuma asobi (eastern entertainment), kume-uta (palace guard songs) ō-uta (big songs), onaibi-uta (night duty songs), ruika (funeral songs), ta-uta (field songs), and yamato-uta (Yamato songs).
Instruments include the wagon (和琴?), kagura-bue (神楽笛?), hichiriki (篳篥?), suzu (鈴?), tsuzumi (鼓?), and shakubyōshi (笏拍子?) clappers. In local festivals the kane (鉦?), binzasara (編木?), and taiko (太鼓?) may also be found.
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