Shintaro Abe

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Shintaro Abe
安倍 晋太郎
Shintarō Abe cropped.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
November 27, 1982 – July 22, 1986
Prime MinisterYasuhiro Nakasone
Preceded byYoshio Sakurauchi
Succeeded byTadashi Kuranari
Minister of International Trade and Industry
In office
30 November 1981 – 27 November 1982
Prime MinisterZenkō Suzuki
Preceded byRokusuke Tanaka
Succeeded bySadanori Yamanaka
Chief Cabinet Secretary
In office
28 November 1977 – 7 December 1978
Prime MinisterTakeo Fukuda
Preceded bySunao Sonoda
Succeeded byRokusuke Tanaka
Minister of Agriculture and Forestry
In office
9 December 1974 – 15 September 1976
Prime MinisterTakeo Miki
Preceded byTadao Kuraishi
Succeeded byBuichi Ōishi
Personal details
Born(1924-04-29)29 April 1924
Tokyo City, Tokyo, Japan
Died15 May 1991(1991-05-15) (aged 67)
Tokyo, Japan
Political partyLiberal Democratic Party
Spouse(s)Yoko
Children2 (inc. Shinzō Abe)
Alma materUniversity of Tokyo

Shintaro Abe (安倍 晋太郎, Abe Shintarō, 29 April 1924 – 15 May 1991)[1] was a Japanese politician from Yamaguchi Prefecture. He was a leading member of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). He served as foreign minister from 1982 to 1986.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Abe was born in Tokyo on April 29, 1924. He was raised in his father's home prefecture of Yamaguchi from soon after his birth. He was the eldest son of pre–World War I politician and member of Parliament Kan Abe. His mother was an army general's daughter.[3]

Career[edit]

After graduating from the Faculty of Law at the University of Tokyo, Shintaro Abe began his career as a political reporter for Mainichi Shimbun.[4] He became a politician in 1957, when he started working as a legislative aide of the then-prime minister Nobusuke Kishi.[4] He won his father's seat in the House of Representatives in 1958.[3]

He led a major LDP faction, the conservative Seiwa Seisaku Kenkyūkai, whose reins he took from former Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda in July 1986, and held a variety of ministerial and party posts, the former of which included Minister of Agriculture and Forestry and Minister of International Trade and Industry.[3] Abe was named as Minister of International Trade and Industry in the cabinet of the then prime minister Zenkō Suzuki on November 30, 1981.[5] During this period, he was seen as a young leader groomed for the future prime ministry.[5] In November 1982, he was appointed Minister for Foreign Affairs in the cabinet of the then-prime minister Yasuhiro Nakasone, replacing Yoshio Sakurauchi. His term lasted until 1986.[2]

Meeting with Ronald Reagan in 1987

Abe was a top contender to succeed Nakasone as prime minister in 1987, until he stepped aside for Noboru Takeshita, head of a powerful rival faction. Then, he was given the post of secretary general of the party in 1987.[2] In 1988, his chances of becoming prime minister some time in the near future were again thwarted when his name became associated with the Recruit-Cosmos insider-trading stock scandal, which brought down Takeshita and forced Abe to resign as the party's secretary general in December 1988.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Abe married Yoko Kishi, daughter of Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi, in 1951.[2] His second son, Shinzō Abe, became prime minister on September 26, 2006 and December 26, 2012.[6]

Death[edit]

Abe was hospitalized in January 1991.[3] He died of heart failure at Tokyo's Juntendo University Hospital on May 15, 1991.[4]

Honours[edit]

From the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Abe, Shintaro". Who Was Who in America, with World Notables, v. 10: 1989-1993. New Providence, NJ: Marquis Who's Who. 1993. p. 1. ISBN 0837902207.
  2. ^ a b c d e Yates, Ronald E. (May 16, 1991). "Shintaro Abe, 67". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d "Shintaro Abe; Ex-Japanese Foreign Minister". Los Angeles Times. Tokyo. May 16, 1991. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c "Shintaro Abe, Japanese Political Leader". The Seattle Times. May 15, 1991. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Japan's cabinet shuffled". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Tokyo. UPI. November 30, 1981. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
  6. ^ "Profile: Shinzo Abe". BBC. December 17, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
Political offices
Preceded by
Tadao Kuraishi
Minister of Agriculture and Forestry
1974–1976
Succeeded by
Buichi Ōishi
Preceded by
Sunao Sonoda
Chief Cabinet Secretary
1977–1978
Succeeded by
Rokusuke Tanaka
Preceded by
Rokusuke Tanaka
Minister of International Trade and Industry
1981–1982
Succeeded by
Sadanori Yamanaka
Preceded by
Yoshio Sakurauchi
Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan
1982–1986
Succeeded by
Tadashi Kuranari
House of Representatives of Japan
Preceded by
Soichi Kamoda
Chair, Financial Affairs Committee of the House of Representatives of Japan
1973–1974
Succeeded by
Senichiro Uemura
Party political offices
Preceded by
Toshiki Kaifu
Chairman of the Diet Affairs Committee, Liberal Democratic Party
1976–1977
Succeeded by
Asao Mihara
Preceded by
Toshio Komoto
Chairman of the Policy Research Committee, Liberal Democratic Party
1979–1981
Succeeded by
Rokusuke Tanaka
Preceded by
Kiichi Miyazawa
Chairman of General Affairs Committee, Liberal Democratic Party
1986–1987
Succeeded by
Masayoshi Ito
Preceded by
Noboru Takeshita
Secretary-General of the Liberal Democratic Party
1987–1989
Succeeded by
Ryutaro Hashimoto
Preceded by
Takeo Fukuda
Head of Seiwa Seisaku Kenkyūkai
1986–1991
Succeeded by
Hiroshi Mitsuzuka