Shiogama

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Shiogama
塩竈市
City
Urato islandsShiogama Port, Shiogama ShrineAeon Town Shiogama, Shiogama Port Festival
Urato islands
Shiogama Port, Shiogama Shrine
Aeon Town Shiogama, Shiogama Port Festival
Flag of Shiogama
Flag
Official seal of Shiogama
Seal
Location of Shiogama in Miyagi Prefecture
Location of Shiogama in Miyagi Prefecture
Shiogama is located in Japan
Shiogama
Shiogama
 
Coordinates: 38°18′51.7″N 141°01′19.1″E / 38.314361°N 141.021972°E / 38.314361; 141.021972Coordinates: 38°18′51.7″N 141°01′19.1″E / 38.314361°N 141.021972°E / 38.314361; 141.021972
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Miyagi
Area
 • Total 17.37 km2 (6.71 sq mi)
Population (June 30, 2017)
 • Total 54,926
 • Density 3,162/km2 (8,190/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Shiogama Sakura
- Flower White Chrysanthemum
Phone number 022-364-1111
Address 1-1 Asahimachi, Shiogama-shi, Miyagi-ken 985-8501
Website Official website

Shiogama (塩竈市 and 塩釜市, Shiogama-shi) is a city located in Miyagi Prefecture, in the Tohoku region of northern Japan. As of 30 June 2017, the city had an estimated population of 54,926 and a population density of 3162 persons per km² in 23,270 households.[1] The total area the city was 17.37 square kilometres (6.71 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Shiogama is in north-central Miyagi Prefecture, bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the east.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Shiogama has remained fairly stable over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 59,772
1980 61,040
1990 62,025
2000 61,547
2010 56,490

Climate[edit]

Shiogama has a humid climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Shiogama is 12.1 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1225 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.8 °C.[3]

Etymology[edit]

"Shiogama" means "salt furnace" and refers to a local Shinto ritual involving the making of salt from sea water, still performed every July. The name is sometimes written using the kanji 塩釜 rather than 塩竈 and both spellings are officially permitted. Both 釜 and 竈 are pronounced gama in compounds, but as lone words they are pronounced kama and kamado, respectively. A kamado (竈, "furnace") is a what a kama (釜, "kettle") is placed upon, and so the two are not completely interchangeable. 塩竈 is the form officially used by the city, but for ease of writing, the 10-stroke 釜 is often used in place of the 21-stroke 竈, such as in Shiogama Station.[4]

Shiogama Jinja uses the rendering 鹽竈, with an archaic character for salt. This third form is rarely seen outside of this context.

History[edit]

The area of present-day Shiogama was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jōmon period by the Emishi people. During the Nara period, the area came under the control of colonists from the Yamato dynasty based at nearby Tagajō and was the most important seaport in Mutsu. The ruins of the provincial capital of Mutsu Province have been found within the city borders. During later portion of the Heian period, the area was ruled by the Northern Fujiwara. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by various samurai clans before the area came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate.

The town of Shiogama was established with the post-Meiji restoration creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. Parts of Tagajō and Shichigahama were incorporated into Shiogama of September 1, 1938. Shiogama was raised to city status on November 23, 1941 (187th, nationally; 3rd in Miyagi). The city annexed the Gyūchi area of neighboring Tagajō on December 1, 1949 and the village of Urato on April 1, 1950.

The city was affected by the tsunami caused by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake,[5] although damage to its fishing industry turned out to be light.[6]

Government[edit]

Shiogama has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Shiogama is largely based on commercial fishing, especially of tuna, and fish processing. The city also boasts of the highest density of sushi restaurants in Japan.

Education[edit]

Shiogama has six public elementary schools and four middle schools operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Miyagi Prefectural Board of Education.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

National highways[edit]

Miyagi Prefectural Highways[edit]

  • Miyagi Prefectural Route 3 (Shiogama—Yoshioka)
  • Miyagi Prefectural Route 10 (Shiogama—Watari)
  • Miyagi Prefectural Route 11 (Shiogama—Shiogama-kō)
  • Miyagi Prefectural Route 23 (Sendai—Shiogama)
  • Miyagi Prefectural Route 35 (Izumi—Shiogama)
  • Miyagi Prefectural Route 58 (Shiogama—Shichigahama—Tagajō)

Local attractions[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Specialties and crafts[edit]

Visitor attractions[edit]

Port of Shiogama

Notable people from Shiogama[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]