Ship Ahoy (album)
|Studio album by The O'Jays|
|Released||November 10, 1973|
|Recorded||Sigma Sound Studios, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
|Genre||Soul, funk, Philadelphia soul|
|Label||Philadelphia International Records|
|Producer||Kenny Gamble, Leon Huff|
|The O'Jays chronology|
Ship Ahoy is a rhythm and blues album by Philadelphia soul group The O'Jays, released on November 10, 1973 on Philadelphia International Records. The album was a critical and commercial success, reaching #1 on Billboard's "Black Albums" chart and #11 on the "Pop Albums" chart and launching two hit singles, "For the Love of Money" and "Put Your Hands Together." Conceived as a theme album built around the title track, Ship Ahoy includes socially relevant tracks and love songs under a cover that is itself notable for its serious subject matter. The album, which achieved RIAA platinum certification for over 1 million copies sold in 1992, has been reissued multiple times, including in a 2003 edition with a bonus track. Ship Ahoy was the highest selling R&B album on the Billboard Year-End chart for 1974.
Songs and music
The songs on Ship Ahoy balance the romantic with the politically and socially conscious. In its review of the 2003 re-issue, Rolling Stone noted that the album's "main achievement was proving that it was indeed possible to be thoughtful and articulate without losing your funk."
The album's lead single was "Put Your Hands Together," a song urging cooperation and optimistic prayer for "a better day to come." Rickey Vincent, author of Funk: The Music, the People, and the Rhythm of the One, describes the song as "fairly standard musically", "with a strong gospel feel." The second single, "For the Love of Money," is a protest against materialism with a groove that Rolling Stone described as "downright orgiastic". The song was written around a bass line composed by Anthony Jackson, which in 2005 Bass Player Magazine described as "landmark." Bass Player went on to note that the song has "become one of the most recycled singles ever, sampled continually by rappers, and appearing on over 75 compilation CDs, numerous movie soundtracks, and, most recently, the theme for TV's The Apprentice."
The album's title song, "Ship Ahoy," was built around the theme of African captives being transported in a slave ship as part of the Middle Passage of the Atlantic slave trade. It had originally been penned by Gamble and Huff for inclusion in the soundtrack to Shaft in Africa, but the producers decided instead to give it to the O'Jays as part of a concept album centered around slavery. The song brought in the sounds of waves and cracking whips to add immediacy to lyrics which, according to PopMatters, personalized "the 'voyage' in ways that few black popular artifacts had previously done so—some three years before the publication of Alex Haley's Roots. The book A Change is Gonna Come: Music, Race and the Soul of America notes that unlike the seminal work by Haley, "Ship Ahoy" is a hopeless, ominous song that offers "no sense that things are going to work out fine." In its 1974 review of the album, The New York Times characterized the song as "dark and occasionally spine-chilling." In 1993, The Miami Herald called it "a dark, atmospheric, frightening masterpiece that'll send a shiver up your spine."
In 1995, The Los Angeles Times dubbed "Ship Ahoy", along with the song "Don't Call Me Brother" as among "[t]he cream of the vocal trio's angry music." "Don't Call Me Brother" is a nearly nine-minute long album track that protests hypocritical claims of racial unity from backstabbers.
The cover of the album depicted the band in a slave hold with illustrations of slaves. In its review, PopMatters commented that the use by producers Gamble and Huff of this imagery demonstrated not only their freedom as the heads of Philadelphia International Records, but also "how seriously the duo viewed popular music as a vehicle to 'teach and preach'." According to The Greatest Album Covers of All Time, the production of such politically conscious imagery from a band known for its popular music "was enough to make even the most myopic of white music fans take note that something was changing." Illustrator James Barkley was otherwise better known for illustrating children's books and a postage stamp—a 1972 image of Mount McKinley, Alaska—along with commercial design and other nature paintings.
|The Music Box|||
|New York Times||(favorable)|
|Rolling Stone 1974||(favorable)|
|Rolling Stone 2003|||
|Rolling Stone 2004|||
Ship Ahoy reached #1 on Billboard's "Black Albums" chart and #11 on the "Pop Albums" chart and contained two hit singles, "For the Love of Money" (#3 "Black Singles", #9 "Pop Singles") and "Put Your Hands Together" (#2 "Black Singles", #10 "Pop Singles"). The album certified "Gold" by the RIAA on January 21, 1974 and "Platinum" on August 11, 1992.
In addition to its commercial success, the album was critically well received. In a 1974 review, The New York Times described it as "[a] fine recent album" representing producers "Gamble and Huff at their creative best". Allmusic describes the album in its review as "[t]he "other" O'Jays album masterpiece", with "shattering message tracks and stunning love songs".
The album has been multiply reissued by Philadelphia International was well as Epic Records, Legacy Records, Columbia Records, Sony Records and Sis Records. In 2003, it was re-released by Sony and Epic with a bonus track, a live version of "Put Your Hands Together" recorded in London in 1974.
- "Put Your Hands Together" – 4:07
- "Ship Ahoy" – 9:41
- "This Air I Breathe" (Gamble, Bunny Sigler) – 3:53
- "You Got Your Hooks in Me" (Sigler) – 5:34
- "For the Love of Money" (Gamble, Huff, Anthony Jackson)– 7:19
- "Now That We Found Love" – 4:41
- "Don't Call Me Brother" (Gamble, Sigler) – 8:58
- "People Keep Tellin' Me" (John Whitehead, Gene McFadden, Victor Carstarphen) – 4:00
- Lenny Pakula – arranger
- Leon Isley Brooks – keyboards
- Anthony Jackson – bass
- Eddie Levert – vocals
- MFSB – orchestra
- William Powell – vocals
- Walter Williams – vocals
- Rocco Bene - trumpet solos
- James Barkley – illustration
- Steven Berkowitz – A&R
- Kenny Gamble – producer, surround mix
- Norman Harris – arranger
- Leon Huff – producer, surround mix
- Don Hunstein – photography
- Ed Lee – art direction
- Bobby Martin – arranger
- Lenny Pakula – arranger
- Joseph M. Palmaccio – mastering
- Darcy Proper – mastering
- Al Quaglieri – remix producer
- Leo Sacks – reissue producer
- Joe Tarsia – engineer
- Wynn, Ron. "The O'Jays: Ship Ahoy at AllMusic. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
- Lechner, Ernesto (May 15, 2003). "The O'Jays: Ship Ahoy". Rolling Stone. Straight Arrow (RS 922). ISSN 0035-791X. Archived from the original on November 6, 2007. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
- Gamble, Kenneth; Huff, Leon (1973). "Put Your Hands Together". Lyrics hosted with permission at MTV. Retrieved August 18, 2008.[dead link]
- Vincent, Rickey (1996). Funk: The Music, the People, and the Rhythm of the One. New York: St. Martin's Griffin. p. 134. ISBN 0-312-13499-1.
- Neal, Mark Anthony. (May 9, 2003) The O'Jays Ship Ahoy PopMatters. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
- Jackson, John A. (2004). A House on Fire: The Rise and Fall of Philadelphia Soul. Oxford University Press US. p. 133. ISBN 0-19-514972-6.
- Jisi, Chris (September 1, 2005). "The O'Jays' 'For the Love of Money'". Bass Player. NewBay Media. Excerpt at Mywire. Retrieved August 18, 2008.[dead link]
- Werner, Craig Hansen (2006). A Change Is Gonna Come: Music, Race & the Soul of America. University of Michigan Press. pp. 201–202. ISBN 0-472-03147-3.
- Palmer, Robert (January 6, 1974). "The sound that sells a million". The New York Times. p. 126. ISSN 0362-4331.
- Pitts, Jr. Leonard. (July 17, 1993) "So joyous, so angry, so O'Jay" The Miami Herald. Page 1G.
- Hunt, Dennis. (April 14, 1995) "The Vaults/CD Re-issues" Los Angeles Times. Section Calendar; Part-F; Entertainment Desk. Page 14.
- Hamilton, Andrew. "Don't call Me Brother" at AllMusic. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
- Miles, Barry; Grant Scott; Johnny Morgan (2005). The Greatest Album Covers of All Time. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. p. 123. ISBN 1-84340-301-3.
- Smithsonian National Postal Museum. James Barkley Art of the Stamp. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
- Christgau, Robert. "The O'Jays". RobertChristgau.com. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
- Brown, Geoff (May 1, 2008). "The O'Jays: Ship Ahoy". Mojo. Bauer Media. ISSN 1351-0193. Archived from the original on May 22, 2010.
- Metzger, John (August 2003). "A Shot of Soul: The Ebonys - The O'Jays - Harold Melvin". The Music Box. 10 (8). Retrieved October 15, 2011.
- Neal, Mark Anthony (May 9, 2003). "The O'Jays: Ship Ahoy". PopMatters. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
- Aletti, Vince (January 17, 1974). "The O'Jays: Ship Ahoy". Rolling Stone. Straight Arrow. ISSN 0035-791X. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
- Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian David (2004). The new Rolling Stone album guide (Completely revised and updated 4th ed.). New York: Fireside. pp. 601–602. ISBN 978-0-7432-0169-8. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
- Crisafulli, Chuck (January 1, 1973). "Ship Ahoy". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
- "Ship Ahoy > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles" at AllMusic. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
- "American certifications – The O'Jays – Ship Ahoy". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
- Riley, Clayton (March 31, 1974). "The Philly Sound of Brotherly Love". The New York Times. Section: AL, p.34. ISSN 0362-4331.
- Wynn, Ron. "Ship Ahoy [Bonus Track]" at AllMusic. Retrieved October 15, 2011.