Shipton-under-Wychwood

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Shipton-under-Wychwood
St. Mary the Virgin, Shipton under Wychwood - geograph.org.uk - 119885.jpg
St. Mary the Virgin parish church
Shipton-under-Wychwood is located in Oxfordshire
Shipton-under-Wychwood
Shipton-under-Wychwood
Location within Oxfordshire
Population1,244 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceSP2717
Civil parish
  • Shipton-under-Wychwood
District
  • West Oxfordshire
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townChipping Norton
Postcode districtOX7
Dialling code01993
PoliceThames Valley
FireOxfordshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
WebsiteShipton-u-Wychwood
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire
51°51′36″N 1°35′46″W / 51.860°N 1.596°W / 51.860; -1.596Coordinates: 51°51′36″N 1°35′46″W / 51.860°N 1.596°W / 51.860; -1.596

Shipton-under-Wychwood is an English village and civil parish in the Evenlode valley about 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Burford, Oxfordshire. The village is one of three named after the ancient forest of Wychwood. The others are Milton-under-Wychwood immediately to the west of the village and Ascott-under-Wychwood about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the east. The 2011 Census recorded Shipton-under-Wychwood's parish population as 1,244.[1]

Manors[edit]

Langley[edit]

About 2 miles (3 km) southeast of the village is the farmhouse of Langley, a largely mid-19th-century building. It is on the site of a royal hunting lodge that was built for Henry VII. Most of the Tudor monarchs stayed there when hunting in Wychwood Forest.[2] King James I stayed at Langley in August 1605, and a French servant who died was buried at Shipton.[3] The de Langley family were hereditary keepers of Wychwood Forest, Oxon. The office carried with it the tenancy of the manor of Langley in Shipton-under-Wychwood parish.[4] The heir was Simon Verney (d. 1368) whose brother was William Verney of Byfield, Northants., father of Alice Verney, 1st. wife of John Danvers (d. 1449) of Calthorpe, MP for Oxfordshire 1420, 1421, 1423 and 1435.[5] The de Langley family held the manor of Shipton, Oxfordshire, and Richard Lee in his Gleanings of Oxfordshire of 1574 states that these arms of "Gules, 2 bars or in chief 2 buck's heads cabossed of the 2nd" were then displayed in a stained glass window in St. Mary's parish church at Shipton with a tomb under it. The buck's heads seem to be a reference to the de Langley office of forester of Wychwood.

Arms of de Langley: Gules, two bars or in chief two buck's heads cabossed of the second

Lacey[edit]

Shipton Court, the estate of the Lacey family, was built in about 1603[6] but sold to Sir Compton Reade in 1663. It passed down in the Reade family until 1868 when, on the death of Sir John Reade, it was left to his footman Joseph Wakefield, on condition that he took the name Reade.[7]

Parish church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of St. Mary has a tower built in about 1200–1250,[8] a 15th-century stone pulpit and font[9] and a Tudor wall monument.[9] The architect Richard Pace designed Saint Mary's Rectory, which was built in 1818.[10]

Sports teams[edit]

Shipton-under-Wychwood Cricket Club

Founded in 1920,[11] Shipton-under-Wychwood Cricket Club[12] First XI plays in The Home Counties Premier League, and the Second, Third and Fourth XI play in The Oxford Times Cherwell League.[13] The men's first 11 won The National Village Knockout, with the final played at Lord's, in 2002 and 2003.[14] Oscar-winning film director Sam Mendes played in the team that lost in the final of the Knockout in 1997 [15] The First XI won the National Village Knockout at Lords in 2002 and 2003, and was runner-up in 1997 and 2010. It was also Oxfordshire Team of the Year in 2011 after its trip to Lords, winning the Cherwell League title, and winning both the premier Oxfordshire Twenty 20 Competitions, all within 12 months.[16] The club launched its first Ladies team in 2014, after several successful seasons running girls' sides.[citation needed]The Women's first 11 won the Oxfordshire Ladies Championship in 2015.[17]

Economic and social history[edit]

William Langland, the conjectured author of Piers Plowman, is known to have been a tenant in Shipton-under-Wychwood where he died.[18] The village has three historic public houses: the Shaven Crown Hotel, The Wychwood and the Lamb Inn. The Shaven Crown Hotel[19] overlooking the village green was once a guest house run by the monks of Bruern Abbey. The present building is mainly 15th century.[2] The former leader of the British Union of Fascists, Sir Oswald Mosley stayed at the hotel after his release from internment in 1943. The Lamb Inn is 16th century[20] and is controlled by Greene King Brewery.[21]

Amenities[edit]

Shipton railway station is on the Cotswold Line. Shipton-under-Wychwood is on the Oxfordshire Way footpath, which can be used to walk north-westwards up the Evenlode Valley to Bruern Abbey and Bledington, or eastwards down the valley to Charlbury.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Shipton-under-Wychwood (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  2. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 760.
  3. ^ John Nichols, The Progresses, Processions, and Magnificent Festivities, of King James the First, vol. 1 (London, 1828), p. 529.
  4. ^ Macnamara 1895, p. 198.
  5. ^ Roskell, Clarke & Rawcliffe 1992, pp. 747–748.
  6. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, pp. 759–760.
  7. ^ "Walled kitchen gardens in West Oxfordshire - Shipton Court". Oxforshire Gardens Trust. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  8. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 758.
  9. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 759.
  10. ^ Colvin 1997, p. 764.
  11. ^ "Club History | Shipton-Under-Wychwood Cricket Club | Chipping Norton". suwcc. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  12. ^ Shipton-under-Wychwood Cricket Club
  13. ^ Cherwell Cricket League
  14. ^ "Club History | Shipton-Under-Wychwood Cricket Club | Chipping Norton". suwcc. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  15. ^ Lynch, Steven (18 April 2000). "Village cricketer wins Oscar". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  16. ^ "AWARDS: Shipton are team of the year". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. 14 December 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
  17. ^ "Oxfordshire Cricket Board - News - Shipton-Under-Wychwood Ladies Triumph in Final!". www.oxfordshire.cricket. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  18. ^ Godden 1990, p. not cited.
  19. ^ Shaven Crown Hotel
  20. ^ English Country Inns webpage for The Lamb Inn
  21. ^ Greene King website for the Lamb Inn

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]