Shipton-under-Wychwood

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Shipton-under-Wychwood
St. Mary the Virgin, Shipton under Wychwood - geograph.org.uk - 119885.jpg
St. Mary the Virgin parish church
Shipton-under-Wychwood is located in Oxfordshire
Shipton-under-Wychwood
Shipton-under-Wychwood
Location within Oxfordshire
Population1,244 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceSP2717
Civil parish
  • Shipton-under-Wychwood
District
  • West Oxfordshire
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townChipping Norton
Postcode districtOX7
Dialling code01993
PoliceThames Valley
FireOxfordshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
WebsiteShipton-u-Wychwood
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire
51°51′36″N 1°35′46″W / 51.860°N 1.596°W / 51.860; -1.596Coordinates: 51°51′36″N 1°35′46″W / 51.860°N 1.596°W / 51.860; -1.596

Shipton-under-Wychwood is a village and civil parish in the Evenlode valley about 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Burford, Oxfordshire. The village is one of three named after the ancient forest of Wychwood. The others are Milton-under-Wychwood immediately to the west of the village and Ascott-under-Wychwood about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the east. The 2011 Census recorded Shipton-under-Wychwood's parish population as 1,244.[1]

Manors[edit]

Langley[edit]

About 2 miles (3 km) southeast of the village is the farmhouse of Langley, a largely mid-19th-century building. It is on the site of a royal hunting lodge that was built for Henry VII. Most of the Tudor monarchs stayed there when hunting in Wychwood Forest.[2]

Arms of de Langley, as quartered by Danvers, on the tomb of Sir John Danvers (d. 1514), St. James the Great Church, Dauntsey, Wiltshire: Quarterly 1st & 4th: Argent, on a bend gules 3 martlets or winged vert (Danvers); 2nd & 3rd: Gules, 2 bars or in chief 2 buck's heads cabossed of the 2nd (Langley)

The de Langley family were hereditary keepers of Wychwood Forest, Oxon., which office carried with it the tenancy of the manor of Langley in Shipton-under-Wychwood parish.[3] Their heir was Simon Verney (d. 1368) whose brother was William Verney of Byfield, Northants., father of Alice Verney, 1st. wife of John Danvers (d. 1449) of Calthorpe, MP for Oxfordshire 1420, 1421, 1423 and 1435.[4] The de Langley family held the manor of Shipton, Oxfordshire, and Richard Lee in his Gleanings of Oxfordshire of 1574 states that these arms of "Gules, 2 bars or in chief 2 buck's heads cabossed of the 2nd" were then displayed in a stained glass window in St. Mary's parish church at Shipton with a tomb under it. The buck's heads seem to be a reference to the de Langley office of forester of Wychwood.

Lacey[edit]

Shipton Court, the estate of the Lacey family, was built in about 1603[5] but sold to Sir Compton Reade in 1663. It passed down in the Reade family until 1868 when, on the death of Sir John Reade, it was left to his footman Joseph Wakefield, on condition that he took the name Reade. [6]

Parish church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of St. Mary has a tower built in about 1200–1250,[7] a 15th-century stone pulpit and font[8] and a Tudor wall monument.[8]

The architect Richard Pace designed Saint Mary's Rectory, which was built in 1818.[9]

Economic and social history[edit]

William Langland, the conjectured author of Piers Plowman, is known to have been a tenant in Shipton-under-Wychwood where he died.[10]

The village has three historic public houses: the Shaven Crown Hotel, The Wychwood and the Lamb Inn. The Shaven Crown Hotel[11] overlooking the village green was once a guest house run by the monks of Bruern Abbey. The present building is mainly 15th century.[2] The Lamb Inn is 16th century[12] and is controlled by Greene King Brewery.[13]

Amenities[edit]

Shipton railway station is on the Cotswold Line.

Shipton-under-Wychwood Cricket Club[14] First XI plays in The Home Counties Premier League, and the Second, Third and Fourth XI play in The Oxford Times Cherwell League.[15] The First XI won the National Village Knockout at Lords in 2002 and 2003, and was runner-up in 1997 and 2010. It was also Oxfordshire Team of the Year in 2011 after its trip to Lords, winning the Cherwell League title, and winning both the premier Oxfordshire Twenty 20 Competitions, all within 12 months.[16] The club launched its first Ladies team in 2014, after several successful seasons running girls' sides.[citation needed]

Shipton-under-Wychwood is on the Oxfordshire Way footpath, which can be used to walk north-westwards up the Evenlode Valley to Bruern Abbey and Bledington, or eastwards down the valley to Charlbury.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Shipton-under-Wychwood (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  2. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 760.
  3. ^ Macnamara 1895, p. 198.
  4. ^ Roskell, Clarke & Rawcliffe 1992, pp. 747–748.
  5. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, pp. 759–760.
  6. ^ "Walled kitchen gardens in West Oxfordshire - Shipton Court". Oxforshire Gardens Trust. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  7. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 758.
  8. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 759.
  9. ^ Colvin 1997, p. 764.
  10. ^ Godden 1990, p. not cited.
  11. ^ Shaven Crown Hotel
  12. ^ English Country Inns webpage for The Lamb Inn
  13. ^ Greene King website for the Lamb Inn
  14. ^ Shipton-under-Wychwood Cricket Club
  15. ^ Cherwell Cricket League
  16. ^ "AWARDS: Shipton are team of the year". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. 14 December 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2014.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]