Shipyard named after 61 Communards
|Predecessors||Nikolayev Admiralty; Russud; Andre Marti (North) Yard; Shipyard No. 200 (in the name of 61 Communards); Shipyard No. 445 (in the name of 61 Communards)|
|Founded||1788Nikolayev, Russian Empirein|
Shipyard named after 61 Communards (Ukrainian: Суднобудівний завод імені 61 комунара 61 Kommunar yard) is a major shipyard located in Mykolaiv, Ukraine. In modern times, the shipyard has been most commonly referred to as Nikolaev North Shipyard.
In 1788, the Nikolaev Admiralty shipyard was founded on the banks of the Ingul river approximately 55 miles (89 km) inland from the Black Sea. The following year the first 44-gun frigate, St. Nicholas, was launched. In 1851, Admiral M.P. Lazarev ordered the first considerable reconstruction of the shipyard.
In 1910 the government decided to stop building battleships and close the shipyard, but it was reopened in the following year as the French-owned Russian Shipbuilding Corporation (Russud). The name Russud comes from combining the word Russian and the word Sudostroitel'nyj (lit. Shipbuilding).
Between 1911 and 1914, two building berths with slip-ways, an assembling and welding workshop, a number of buildings and an outfitting wharf were built on the left bank of the Ingul River.
Early in the Soviet era, the shipyard was renamed to the Andre Marti (North) Yard. In 1931, the shipyard was named after 61 Communards. From then on, torpedo-boats, destroyers, light cruisers, submarines; naval supply vessels, including rescue vessels of various purposes equipped with deep-water operation systems were built. It was named Shipyard No. 200 (in the name of 61 Communards) on 30 December 1936 and was renumbered as Shipyard No. 445 when it reopened after the end of World War I.
Facilities and Services
The shipyard is about 11.4 square kilometers (4.4 sq mi), with a building area of about 476.5 square meters (5,129 sq ft). Production capacities of the shipyard are concentrated in 286 industrial buildings and 165 industrial structures.
- Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser: 1 (along with Admiralty Shipyard)
- Kara-class cruiser: 7 (whole class)
- Slava-class cruiser: 4 (whole class)
- Skoryy-class destroyer: 18 (all names started with B)
- Shchuka-class submarine, Series V-modified: 3
- Shchuka-class submarine, Series V-modified-2: 4
- Shchuka-class submarine, Series X: 8
The following vessels were constructed at this shipyard. The list is not all inclusive.
|Name||Laid down||Launched||Displacement||Class (NATO)||Type|
|Imperator Aleksandr III||1911||1914||Imperatritsa Mariya||Battleship|
|Imperator Nikolai I||1911||1913||Battleship|
|Imperatritsa Ekaterina Velikaya||1911||1913||Imperatritsa Mariya||Battleship|
|Imperatritsa Mariya||1911||1913||Imperatritsa Mariya||Battleship|
|Gnevnyy||1959?||1961?||3,500 tons||Kanin (Krupny/DDG)||Destroyer|
|ORP Warszawa||1966||1968||4,950 tons||Kashin||Large Anti-submarine Ship (Guided Missile Cruiser - western typing)|
|Nikolayev||1968||1969||9,900 tons||Kara||Large Anti-submarine Ship (Guided Missile Cruiser - western typing)|
|Slava||1976||1979||10,000 tons||Slava||Guided Missile Cruiser|
- Note: NATO class only shown if applicable; classes of vessels launched before 1949 are provided as originally designated. The name of the ship provided is the name given when launched–some ships may have since been renamed.
- Breyer, Siegfried (1992). Soviet Warship Development: Volume 1: 1917-1937. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-604-3.
- Harrison, Mark; Cooper, Julian; Dexter, Keith & Rodionov, Ivan (2003). The Numbered Factories and Other Establishments of the Soviet Defence Industry Complex, 1927 to 1968, Part I, Factories & Shipyards. (Version 8 ed.). Warwick, UK: University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
- Hauner, Milan L. (Spring 2004). "Stalin's Big-Fleet Program". Naval War College Review. LVII (2).
- Polmar, Norman (1983). Guide to the Soviet Navy (3rd ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-239-7.
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- Treadea, John & Sozaev, Eduard (2010). Russian Warships in the Age of Sail, 1696–1860: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-058-1.