Shirak Province

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For other uses, see Shirak (disambiguation).
Shirak
Շիրակ
Province
Shirak Province administration in Gyumri
Shirak Province administration in Gyumri
Location of Shirak within Armenia
Location of Shirak within Armenia
Coordinates: 40°50′N 43°55′E / 40.833°N 43.917°E / 40.833; 43.917Coordinates: 40°50′N 43°55′E / 40.833°N 43.917°E / 40.833; 43.917
Country Armenia
Capital Gyumri
Government
 • Governor Felix Tsolakyan (2013-)
Area
 • Total 2,681 km2 (1,035 sq mi)
Area rank 6th
Population (2011)
 • Total 251,941[1]
 • Rank 2nd
Time zone UTC+04
Postal code 2601–3126
ISO 3166 code AM-SH
FIPS 10-4 AM07
Website official website

Shirak (Armenian: Շիրակ, Armenian pronunciation: [ʃiˈɾɑk]), is a province (marz) of Armenia. It is located in the north-west of the country, bordering Turkey in the west and Georgia in the north. Its capital is Gyumri. It is as much semi-desert as it is mountain meadow or high alpine. In the south, the high steppes crash into mountain terrain, verdant green in the spring, hues of reddish brown in the summer. Shirak is served by Shirak International Airport near Gyumri.

History[edit]

The ancient history of Shirak is similar to its cousin the Ararat Valley, steeped in legend to some, but found by archaeologists to have been inhabited 25,000 years ago, with settlements popping up along the Akhurian Valley beginning around 9000 BC. Agriculturally based, the region has few of the metallurgical centers found South, but still had sophisticated settlements.[2]

Territory[edit]

Shirak borders the following provinces:

Shirak province is bordered by Turkey from the west and Georgia from the north.

Communities[edit]

The province of Shirak consists of the following 119 communities (hamaynkner), of which 3 are considered urban and 116 are considered rural.[3]

Towns or urban communities[edit]

Image City (town) Province Founded Land area (km2) Population (2011 census)
Artik.JPG Artik Shirak 1939 9 19,534
Gyumri in 2013, from the Vartanants square.jpg Gyumri Shirak 5th century BC as Kumayri
rebuilt in 1837 as Alexandropol
54 121,976
Maralik-Rublevka.jpg Maralik Shirak 5th century (first mentioned) 4 5,398

Villages or rural communities[edit]

Non-community villages[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shirak popu;ation, 2011 census
  2. ^ Shirak Marz: page 3 of 35 – TourArmenia
  3. ^ "RA Shirak Marz" (PDF). Marzes of the Republic of Armenia in Figures, 2002–2006. National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia. 2007.