Shirakawa, Fukushima

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Shirakawa
白河市
City
Shirakawa City Hall
Shirakawa City Hall
Flag of Shirakawa
Flag
Official seal of Shirakawa
Seal
Location of Shirakawa in Fukushima Prefecture
Location of Shirakawa in Fukushima Prefecture
Shirakawa is located in Japan
Shirakawa
Shirakawa
 
Coordinates: 37°07′34.7″N 140°12′39.3″E / 37.126306°N 140.210917°E / 37.126306; 140.210917Coordinates: 37°07′34.7″N 140°12′39.3″E / 37.126306°N 140.210917°E / 37.126306; 140.210917
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Fukushima
Area
 • Total 305.32 km2 (117.88 sq mi)
Population (May 2018)
 • Total 60,795
 • Density 200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City symbols  
• Tree Pinus densiflora
• Flower Ume
• Bird Emberiza cioides
Phone number 0248-22-1111
Address 7-1 Hachimankōji, Shirakawa, Fukushima 961-0941
Website Official website

Shirakawa (白河市, Shirakawa-shi) is a city located in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 May 2018, the city had an estimated population of 60,795 in 23,469 households [1] and a population density of 200 persons per km2. The total area of the city was 305.3 square kilometres (117.9 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Shirakawa is located in south-central Fukushima prefecture.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Shirakawa has a humid continental climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Shirakawa is 11.4 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1377 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.3 °C.[2]

Climate data for Shirakawa, Fukushima
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
4.6
(40.3)
8.2
(46.8)
15.4
(59.7)
20.5
(68.9)
22.9
(73.2)
26.3
(79.3)
28.2
(82.8)
23.3
(73.9)
17.8
(64)
12.7
(54.9)
7.4
(45.3)
16
(60.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
0.2
(32.4)
3.3
(37.9)
9.7
(49.5)
14.9
(58.8)
18.3
(64.9)
21.9
(71.4)
23.3
(73.9)
18.9
(66)
12.7
(54.9)
7.4
(45.3)
2.4
(36.3)
11.1
(51.9)
Average low °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−3.9
(25)
−1.4
(29.5)
4.2
(39.6)
9.4
(48.9)
14.4
(57.9)
18.5
(65.3)
19.8
(67.6)
15.3
(59.5)
8.2
(46.8)
2.5
(36.5)
−2.1
(28.2)
6.7
(44.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 29.0
(1.142)
43.3
(1.705)
67.7
(2.665)
99.2
(3.906)
112.6
(4.433)
177.7
(6.996)
162.9
(6.413)
200.9
(7.909)
191.1
(7.524)
116.3
(4.579)
63.5
(2.5)
33.4
(1.315)
1,297.6
(51.087)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 24
(9.4)
30
(11.8)
18
(7.1)
3
(1.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
15
(5.9)
92
(36.2)
Average relative humidity (%) 68 67 65 66 70 80 84 82 82 77 73 70 74
Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.6 154.2 187.4 182.9 196.8 131.7 129.2 156.2 111.3 144.0 144.8 156.4 1,859.5
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [3]

Demographics[edit]

Demography07205.svg
Comparison of Population Distribution between Shirakawa and Japanese National Average Population Distribution by Age and Sex in Shirakawa
Shirakawa
Japan (average)
Male
Female
1970 58,896
1975 59,821
1980 60,253
1985 62,596
1990 63,839
1995 65,155
2000 66,048
2005 65,707
2010 64,710
2015 Census, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications - Statistics Department

History[edit]

View of Komine Castle in Shirakawa

The area of present-day Shirakawa was part of ancient Mutsu Province and was the location of a barrier gate on the Ōshū Kaidō connecting the capital at Kyoto with the northern provinces. In the Heian period, the Buddhist monk and waka poet Nōin composed the following poem about the region:

In the Edo period the area prospered as a castle town Shirakawa Domain, and was the site of a major battle in the Boshin War during the Meiji restoration. In the Meiji period, it was organized as part of Nakadōri region of Iwaki Province.

The town of Shirakawa was formed on April 1, 1889 with the creation of the modern municipalities system. On April 1, 1949, Shirakawa was elevated to city status after merging with the neighboring village of Ōnuma. Subsequent mergers occurred in 1954 and 1955 with the inclusion of the villages of Shirasaka, Odagawa, Goka and a portion of Omotegō into the territory of Shirakawa. On November 7, 2005, the villages of Taishin, Higashi, and the remainder of Omotegō (all from Nishishirakawa District) were merged into Shirakawa, increasing its population from 48,297 to approximately 66,000 and territory from 117.67 km2 (45.43 sq mi) to 305.30 km2 (117.88 sq mi).

Government[edit]

Shirakawa has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 26 members.

Economy[edit]

Shirakawa has a mixed economy, and is a major commercial center for the surrounding region. Principal industries include electrical appliances, construction materials and clothing. [4]

Education[edit]

Shirakawa has fifteen public elementary schools and eight junior high school operated by the city government and four public high schools operated by the Fukushima Prefectural Board of Education.

Post offices[edit]

Shirakawa has nineteen post offices within the boundaries of the city.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

  • Festivals held in Shirakawa include "Daruma Ichi", celebrating the traditional Daruma doll, wherein the city streets are packed with stalls selling Daruma, a variety of festival foods and charms, and "Chōchin Matsuri" (Lantern Festival), which is held each summer, with a special three-day celebration held once every three years.

International relations[edit]

Noted people from Shirakawa[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shirakawa city official statistics(in Japanese)
  2. ^ Shirakawa climate data
  3. ^ "Shirakawa Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  4. ^ Campbell, Allen; Nobel, David S (1993). Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Kodansha. p. 1396. ISBN 406205938X. 
  5. ^ List of Post Offices in Shirakawa Archived 2013-02-05 at Archive.is (in Japanese)

External links[edit]

Media related to Shirakawa, Fukushima at Wikimedia Commons