Shire of Eltham

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Shire of Eltham
Old lga Eltham.png
Location in outer Melbourne
Population44,800 (1992)[1]
 • Density161.66/km2 (418.7/sq mi)
Area277.13 km2 (107.0 sq mi)
Council seatEltham
RegionNE Melbourne
Shire of Eltham Logo.jpg
LGAs around Shire of Eltham:
Whittlesea Yea Yea
Diamond Valley Shire of Eltham Healesville
Heidelberg Doncaster & Templestowe Lillydale

The Shire of Eltham was a local government area about 25 kilometres (16 mi) northeast of Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria, Australia. The shire covered an area of 277.13 square kilometres (107.0 sq mi), and existed from 1856 until 1994.


Eltham was first incorporated as a road district on 26 September 1856, and became a shire on 6 April 1871. In 1912, it lost some of its area to the Shire of Healesville.

On 18 June 1958, it lost its 218 km2 (84.2 sq mi) East Riding to the Shire of Healesville. This area comprised Yarra Glen, Dixons Creek and parts of Christmas Hills.[2] It also lost part of its North Riding, near Kinglake, to the Shire of Yea, on 1 October 1972.[3]

On 15 December 1994, the Shire of Eltham was abolished, and, along with parts of the Shire of Diamond Valley, was merged into the newly created Shire of Nillumbik. The Kinglake district was transferred to the Shire of Murrindindi, while Montmorency and Lower Plenty, in the shire's far southwest, were transferred to the City of Banyule.[4]


The Shire of Eltham was divided into three ridings on 16 March 1955, each of which elected three councillors:

  • Central Riding
  • North Riding
  • West Riding

Suburbs and localities[edit]


Year Population
1911 3,423
1947 7,028
1954 11,441
1958 14,660*
1961 16,575
1966 20,213
1971 23,712
1976 28,631
1981 34,648
1986 39,784
1991 42,670

* Estimate in 1958 Victorian Year Book.

Books on the Shire of Eltham[edit]

  • Marshall, Alan, Pioneers and Painters: One Hundred years of Eltham and its Shire Melbourne, Thomas Nelson, 1971 ISBN 0-17-001948-9
  • Marshall, Marguerite, Nillumbik Now and Then Research, Vic. MPrint Publications, 2008 ISBN 978-0-646-49122-6

See Also[edit]

Victorian Places: Eltham and Eltham Shire

OzSportsHistory: World War One In Memoriam Rolls Shire of Eltham


  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Victoria Office (1994). Victorian Year Book. p. 49. ISSN 0067-1223.
  2. ^ Monash University (1999). "Australian Places - Eltham". Archived from the original on 21 August 2006. Retrieved 5 January 2008.
  3. ^ Victorian Municipal Directory. Brunswick: Arnall & Jackson. 1992. pp. 666–667. Accessed at State Library of Victoria, La Trobe Reading Room.
  4. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (1 August 1995). Victorian local government amalgamations 1994-1995: Changes to the Australian Standard Geographical Classification (PDF). Commonwealth of Australia. p. 4,10. ISBN 0-642-23117-6. Retrieved 16 December 2007.

Coordinates: 37°43′S 145°09′E / 37.717°S 145.150°E / -37.717; 145.150