Shire of Esperance
|Shire of Esperance|
Esperance Civic Centre, 2019
Location in Western Australia
|Population||14,236 (2016 census)|
|• Density||0.334595/km2 (0.866598/sq mi)|
|Area||42,546.9 km2 (16,427.4 sq mi)|
|Website||Shire of Esperance|
The Shire of Esperance is a local government area in the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia, about 400 kilometres (250 mi) south of the town of Kalgoorlie and about 720 kilometres (450 mi) east-southeast of the state capital, Perth. The Shire covers an area of 42,547 square kilometres (16,427 sq mi), and its seat of government is the town of Esperance, where about three-quarters of the Shire's population resides.
The Esperance Road District was established on 13 September 1895. Two weeks later, on 27 September 1895, the township of Esperance separated from the road district as the Municipality of Esperance. The municipality was re-absorbed into the road district on 30 October 1908. On 1 July 1961, it became the Shire of Esperance under the Local Government Act 1960, which reformed all remaining road districts into shires.
On 11 July 1979, the American Skylab Space Station re-entered Earth's atmosphere headed for Western Australia and the Indian Ocean. It broke up during reentry and much of it landed in Esperance. In turn, the Shire issued a facetious $400 fine to the American government for littering. It remained outstanding until April 2009, when radio show host Scott Barley of Highway Radio raised the funds from his morning show listeners, and paid the fine on behalf of NASA.
The main industry in the region is farming. The Department of Agriculture established a research station at Gibson finding the local soils to be deficient in trace elements and nitrogen. In 1953 there were 130 farms in the area, increasing to 347 in 1961 and over 650 in 1968.
The shire is divided into two wards. Prior to the 2005 elections, a 13-councillor setup with North, West and East wards each with two councillors was in place. The shire president is elected from amongst the councillors.
- Town Ward (six councillors)
- Rural Ward (three councillors)
Towns and localities
The Shire of Esperance is divided into 32 localities:
- Cape Arid National Park
- Cape Le Grand National Park
- East Munglinup
- Grass Patch
- Israelite Bay
- Lort River
- Mount Ney
- North Cascade
- Salmon Gums
- Wittenoom Hills
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Esperance (S)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
- "Municipality Boundary Amendments Register" (PDF). Western Australian Electoral Distribution Commission. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- "Government members Mining and National Development Committees fact finding tour July 1968" (PDF). Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
- Hannah Siemer. ""Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 July 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)" The Esperance Express, 17 April 2009.
- "General Information". Shire of Esperance. Retrieved 28 February 2019.