Shire of Tiaro

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Shire of Tiaro
Queensland
Tiaro LGA Qld.png
Location within Queensland
Population 5,233 (2006 census)[1]
 • Density 2.39464/km2 (6.2021/sq mi)
Established 1879
Area 2,185.3 km2 (843.7 sq mi)
Council seat Tiaro
Region Wide Bay–Burnett
Tiaro Logo.png
Website Shire of Tiaro
LGAs around Shire of Tiaro:
Woocoo Woocoo Maryborough
Woocoo Shire of Tiaro Great Sandy Strait
Kilkivan Cooloola Cooloola

The Shire of Tiaro was a local government area in the Wide Bay–Burnett region of Queensland, Australia, between the regional cities of Gympie and Hervey Bay about 220 kilometres (137 mi) north of the state capital, Brisbane. The shire covered an area of 2,185.3 square kilometres (843.7 sq mi), and existed as a local government area from 1879 until 2008, when it was dissolved and split between two new local government areas, the Gympie Region and the Fraser Coast Region.

The name "Tiaro" is of Aboriginal origin, meaning withered or dead tree.[2] 43 per cent of the Shire was covered by State forest. The main industries in the shire were sugar, beef and dairy cattle, orchards and timber felling and milling.[3]

History[edit]

Map of Tiaro Division and adjacent local government areas, March 1902. Legend: Maryborough Municipality (3), Antigua Division (8), Tinana Division (15)

Tiaro Division was created on 11 November 1879 as one of the initial 74 divisions around Queensland under the Divisional Boards Act 1879 with a population of 1852.[4][5]

On 9 February 1884, following a petition by the ratepayers of subdivisions Nos. 2 and 3 of Tiaro Division,[6] part of Tiaro Division was excised to establish a separate municipality called the Shire of Tiaro.[7] The Tiaro Divisional Board were opposed to the creation of the shire, and had attempted various legal actions to prevent it.[8] The new shire started life in an immediate dispute with the division over the apportionment of the accounts.[9] One of the early actions of the Shire Council was to commission the construction of a shire hall, which many of their ratepayers saw as an unnecessary expense.[10] By April 1886, the ratepayers were petitioning to abolish the Shire.[11][12] As a result, on 16 December 1886, the shire was abolished and the territory returned to authority of the Tiaro Division.[13][14]

With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Tiaro Division became Shire of Tiaro on 31 March 1903.[15]

On 17 February 1917, as part of a restructuring of local government in the Wide Bay–Burnett area, the Shire of Tiaro absorbed the Shire of Tinana and part of the Shire of Granville which had governed areas to the north and east of Tiaro since the 1880s.[16][17]

On 15 March 2008, under the Local Government (Reform Implementation) Act 2007 passed by the Parliament of Queensland on 10 August 2007, the Shire of Tiaro was dissolved. Division 3 of the Shire, located generally south of Blowers Road, Wards Road and Ularrah Creek and including the towns of Theebine, Curra and Gunalda, became part of the new Gympie Region together with the Shires of Cooloola and Kilkivan.[18] The other two divisions amalgamated with Woocoo and the Cities of Hervey Bay and Maryborough to create Fraser Coast Region.[19] In doing so, Tiaro became one of the only three former shires in Queensland not to stay intact, alongside Taroom and Beaudesert.

Economy[edit]

The Shire of Tiaro was home to the Bauple Sugar Mill, which operated from 1886 until 1951, and was also home to a butter and cheese factory and several juice mills.

Towns and localities[edit]

Tiaro Shire Council Offices, 2010

The Shire of Tiaro included the following settlements:

1 - split with Gympie Region

Chairmen[edit]

  • 1927: Andrew Thompson[20]

Population[edit]

Year Population
1921 2,956
1933 3,143
1947 2,666
1954 2,567
1961 2,205
1966 2,110
1971 1,862
1976 1,875
1981 2,066
1986 2,518
1991 3,287
1996 4,236
2001 4,449
2006 5,323

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Tiaro (S) (Local Government Area)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 March 2008. 
  2. ^ "Tiaro (entry 34492)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Tiaro Shire Council. "Council profile". Archived from the original on 1 May 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2006. 
  4. ^ "Proclamation [Tiaro Division constituted]". Queensland Government Gazette. 11 November 1879. p. 25:1001. 
  5. ^ "Agency ID11062, Tiaro Divisional Board". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "INTERCOLONIAL.". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 21 April 1883. p. 5. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "Shire of Tiaro – Order in Council". Queensland Government Gazette. 16 February 1884. p. 34:407. 
  8. ^ "Country News.". The Queenslander. Brisbane: National Library of Australia. 12 May 1883. p. 726. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  9. ^ "MARYBOROUGH.". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 16 September 1884. p. 2. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  10. ^ "15 Hours a Day.". Queensland Figaro and Punch (Brisbane, Qld. : 1885 – 1889). Brisbane: National Library of Australia. 10 April 1886. p. 15. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "COUNTRY MAILS.". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 17 April 1886. p. 4. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "COUNTRY MAILS.". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 13 May 1886. p. 3. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "Proclamation [Municipality of Tiaro dissolved]". Queensland Government Gazette. 18 December 1886. p. 39:2323. 
  14. ^ "Agency ID11059, Tiaro Shire Council I". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  15. ^ "Agency ID1888, Tiaro Shire Council II". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  16. ^ "Agency ID2489, Tinana Shire Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  17. ^ "Agency ID915, Granville Shire Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  18. ^ "Agency ID11054, Gympie Regional Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  19. ^ "Agency ID11052, Fraser Coast Regional Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  20. ^ Pugh, Theophilus Parsons (1927). Pugh's Almanac for 1927. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 

External links[edit]

  • "Tiaro Shire". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 

Coordinates: 25°43′39″S 152°34′55″E / 25.72750°S 152.58194°E / -25.72750; 152.58194