Jinnah family

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Jinnah family
Current region Karachi, Pakistan
Place of origin Kathiawar, Gujarat
Members Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Fatima Jinnah
Shireen Jinnah
Maryam Jinnah
Dina Jinnah
Connected families Wadia family
Petit family
Estate Wazir Mansion
Jinnah House
Quaid-e-Azam Residency
Quaid-e-Azam House
Flagstaff House
Mazar-e-Quaid

The Jinnah family (Urdu: خاندان جناح‎; Gujarati: જિન્ના પરિવાર) was a political family in India and Pakistan. Its most notable member is Muhammad Ali Jinnah[1] the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah family is related to Petit family through Maryam Jinnah (Jinnah's wife), and Wadia family through Dina Jinnah (Jinah's daughter). Dina had a rift with her father when she expressed her desire to marry a Parsi Indian, Neville Wadia. According to M C Chagla in "Roses in December", Jinnah, a Muslim, disowned his daughter after trying to dissuade her from marrying Neville, a Parsi Indian. His matriline descendants through her are part of the Wadia family and reside in India as she married and stayed in India after the Partition of India in 1947.[2]

Family tree of the Jinnah family[edit]

Members of the Jinnah family[edit]

First generation[edit]

Jinnah House in Karachi
Quaid-e-Azam Residency
Governor General House
Quaid-e-Azam House
Flagstaff House
Wazir Mansion (first), Quaid-e-Azam Residency (second), Governor's House (third), Jinnah House (forth), Quaid-e-Azam House (fifth), and Flagstaff House (sixth) were the Houses owned by Muhammad Ali Jinnah have now turned into Museums.

Poonja Gokuldas Meghji, the patriarch of the family is the paternal grandfather of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Fatima Jinnah. He was a Hindu Lohana from Paneli village in Gondal state in Kathiawar who embraced Islam.

Second generation[edit]

  • Jinnahbai Poonja (1857–1902) was married to mithhibai Jinnahbai.
    • Jinnahbai Poonja was a prosperous Gujarati merchant. He moved to Karachi from Kathiawar, because of his business partnership with Grams Trading Company whose regional office was set up in Karachi. He moved to Karachi before Muhammad Ali Jinnah's birth. He and his wife had 7 children:
  1. Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  2. Ahmed Ali Jinnah
  3. Bunde Ali Jinnah
  4. Rahmat Bai Jinnah
  5. Fatima Jinnah
  6. Shireen Bai Jinnah
  7. Maryam Bai Jinnah

Third generation[edit]

  • Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)
    • Jinnah is the founder of Pakistan and was the country's first Governor-General. His first marriage in 1892 was the result of his mother urging him to marry his cousin Emibai Jinnah before he left for England to pursue higher studies. However, Emibai died a few months later. His second marriage took place in 1918 to Rattanbai Petit (granddaughter of Dinshaw Maneckji Petit), a Parsi who was 24 years his junior. Rattanbai converted to Islam when she married Jinnah and took on the name Maryam Jinnah. In 1919, she gave birth to their only daughter, Dina Jinnah.[2][3]
  • Ahmed Ali Jinnah
  • Bunde Ali Jinnah
  • Rahmat Bai Jinnah
  • Fatima Jinnah (1893–1967)
    • Fatima Jinnah was a dental surgeon, biographer, stateswoman, and one of the leading Founding mothers of modern-state of Pakistan. She also played a pivotal role in civil rights and introduced the women's rights movement in the Pakistan Movement. After her brother's death she continued to play a pivotal role in Pakistani politics and in 1965 returned to active politics by running against Ayub Khan in the 1965 elections
  • Shireen Jinnah
  • Emibai Jinnah
  • Maryam Jinnah

Fourth generation[edit]

She had a rift with her father when she expressed her desire to marry a Parsi-born Indian, Neville Wadia. According to M C Chagla in "Roses in December", Jinnah, a Muslim, disowned his daughter after trying to dissuade her from marrying Neville. Dina Wadia is the only direct living link to Jinnah and the nation of Pakistan claiming her father as its own father of the nation is assumed to have some kind of kinship with her according to Akbar S. Ahmed.[4] His descendants through her are part of the Wadia family and reside in India as she married and stayed in India after the creation of Pakistan in 1947.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://storyofpakistan.com/muhammad-ali-jinnah/
  2. ^ a b c Guriro, Amar (30 June 2009). "Aslam Jinnah's claim of being Quaid's family disputed". Daily Times. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Official website, Government of Pakistan. "Early Days: Birth and Schooling". Archived from the original on 2005-11-05. Retrieved 2006-04-20. 
  4. ^ Akbar S. Ahmed. Jinnah, Pakistan and Islamic Identity: The Search for Saladin. p. 18.