St. Leonards Church
|Population||4,802 (Including Stonebroom. 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Shirland is a former pit village in Derbyshire, England. Together with the neighbouring villages of Higham, Stretton and Stonebroom, it forms part of the civil parish of Shirland and Higham, which had a population of 4,802 at the 2011 Census. The River Amber flows through the parish.
Shirland is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Sirelunt in the hundred of Scarsdale. According to this ancient document the manor was given to William de Peveral after the Norman conquest. Peveral inherited many manors around Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire including Nottingham Castle.
The village is built around St. Leonard's Church. The foundations of the church date to 1220, according to the inscriptions within the church. The church grounds contain many monuments to the De Grey family, who inherited the manor in the early 13th century. The church also contains memorials to the Revill family who were well-known Derbyshire landowners in the 15th century.
Gables Farm (now demolished) at Higham in Shirland Parish was built in 1696 by Thomas and Anne Clay on a 64-acre plot.
In 1868, the inhabitants were mostly involved with agriculture but a proportion were involved with framework knitting. However, in 1864 a mine was founded, which by the end of the century employed 500 men. The community together with Higham increased from a population of 2,437 in 1871 to 3,415 in 1881. The mines shaped the community until 1965 when the mine closed. A golf course is now built on the former slag heaps.
A new primary school was opened in September 2011, next to St. Leonards Church.
The buttressed west tower of St Leonard's Church, Shirland is pictured above, alongside the A61 north of Alfreton. Parts of the church date from 1220 but the majority of the existing church is 15th-century. It is part of a Benefice with the Church of England churches in Stonebroom (St Peter's Church) and Morton: (Church of the Holy Cross).
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
- Open Domesday Online: Shirland
- The Domesday Book, a complete translation, Penguin, 2002.
- Shirland, The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-05-14. Retrieved 2008-04-22.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Kelly's Directory of the Counties of Derby, Notts, Leicester and Rutland. Published in London, May 1891. pp. 299–300.
- Shirland Primary School
Media related to Shirland at Wikimedia Commons
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