Shirley MacLean Beaty
April 24, 1934
Richmond, Virginia, U.S.
(m. 1954; div. 1982)
|Relatives||Warren Beatty (brother)|
Annette Bening (sister-in-law)
Shirley MacLaine (born Shirley MacLean Beaty, April 24, 1934) is an American actress, singer, author, activist, and former dancer. In a career which spans seven decades, she is known for her portrayals of quirky, headstrong, eccentric women. MacLaine is the recipient of numerous accolades including an Academy Award, two British Academy Film Awards, five Golden Globe Awards, and a Primetime Emmy Award.
Born in Richmond, Virginia, MacLaine made her acting debut as a teenager with minor roles in the Broadway musicals Oklahoma! and The Pajama Game. Following minor appearances as an understudy in various other productions, MacLaine made her film debut with Alfred Hitchcock's black comedy The Trouble With Harry (1955), winning the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress. She rose to prominence with starring roles in Around the World in 80 Days (1956), Some Came Running (1958), Ask Any Girl (1959), The Apartment (1960), The Children's Hour (1961), Two for the Seesaw (1962), Irma la Douce (1963), and Sweet Charity (1969). A six time Academy Award nominee, MacLaine won the Academy Award for Best Actress for the comedy-drama Terms of Endearment (1983). Her other prominent films include The Turning Point (1977), Being There (1979), Madame Sousatzka (1988), Steel Magnolias (1989), Postcards from the Edge (1990), The Evening Star (1996), Bewitched (2005), In Her Shoes (2006), Valentine's Day (2010), and The Little Mermaid (2018).
MacLaine has been the recipient of many honorary awards. She was awarded the AFI Life Achievement Award in 2012, Gala Tribute from the Film Society of Lincoln Center in 1995, and Kennedy Center Honor in 2013 for her contribution to American culture, through performing arts. In 1998, she was awarded the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award. Apart from acting, MacLaine has written numerous books regarding the subjects of metaphysics, spirituality, reincarnation as well as a best-selling memoir Out on a Limb (1983).
Named after actress Shirley Temple (who was six years old at the time), Shirley MacLean Beaty was born on April 24, 1934, in Richmond, Virginia. Her father, Ira Owens Beaty, was a professor of psychology, public school administrator, and real estate agent, and her mother, Kathlyn Corinne (née MacLean), was a drama teacher, originally from Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada. MacLaine's younger brother is the actor, writer, and director Warren Beatty; he changed the spelling of his surname when he became an actor. Their parents raised them as Baptists. Her uncle (her mother's brother-in-law) was A. A. MacLeod, a Communist member of the Ontario legislature in the 1940s. While MacLaine was still a child, Ira Beaty moved his family from Richmond to Norfolk, and then to Arlington and Waverly, then back to Arlington eventually taking a position at Arlington's Thomas Jefferson Junior High School in 1945. MacLaine played baseball on an all-boys team, holding the record for most home runs, which earned her the nickname "Powerhouse". During the 1950s, the family resided in the Dominion Hills section of Arlington.
As a toddler, she had weak ankles and would fall over with the slightest misstep, so her mother decided to enroll her in ballet class at the Washington School of Ballet at the age of three. This was the beginning of her interest in performing. Strongly motivated by ballet, she never missed a class. In classical romantic pieces like Romeo and Juliet and The Sleeping Beauty, she always played the boys' roles due to being the tallest in the group and the absence of males in the class. Eventually, she had a substantial female role as the fairy godmother in Cinderella; while warming up backstage, she broke her ankle, but then tightened the ribbons on her toe shoes and proceeded to dance the role all the way through before calling for an ambulance. Ultimately she decided against making a career of professional ballet because she had grown too tall and was unable to acquire perfect technique. She explained that she didn't have the ideal body type, lacking the requisite "beautifully constructed feet" of high arches, high insteps and a flexible ankle. Also slowly realizing ballet's propensity to be too all-consuming, and ultimately limiting, she moved on to other forms of dancing, acting and musical theater.
She attended Washington-Lee High School, where she was on the cheerleading squad and acted in school theatrical productions.
The summer before her senior year of high school, MacLaine went to New York City to try acting on Broadway, having minor success in the chorus of Oklahoma! After she graduated, she returned and was in the dancing ensemble of the Broadway production of Me and Juliet (1953–1954). Afterwards she became an understudy to actress Carol Haney in The Pajama Game; in May 1954 Haney injured her ankle during a Wednesday matinee, and MacLaine replaced her. A few months later, with Haney still injured, film producer Hal B. Wallis saw MacLaine's performance, and signed her to work for Paramount Pictures.
MacLaine made her film debut in Alfred Hitchcock's The Trouble with Harry (1955), for which she won the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress. This was quickly followed by her role in the Martin and Lewis film Artists and Models (also 1955). Soon afterwards, she had a role in Around the World in 80 Days (1956). This was followed by Hot Spell and a leading role in Some Came Running (both 1958); for the latter film, she gained her first Academy Award nomination and a Golden Globe nomination.
In 1960, MacLaine starred in Billy Wilder's The Apartment (1960), alongside Jack Lemmon. The film, set in the Upper West Side, revolves around C.C. Baxter (Lemmon), an insurance clerk who allows his co-workers to use his apartment for their extramarital affairs. Baxter is attracted to the insurance company's elevator operator, Fran Kubelik (MacLaine), who is already having an affair with Baxter's boss (Fred MacMurray). A blend of romantic drama and comedy, the film received 10 Academy Award nominations, winning Best Picture, Best Director, Best Original Screenplay, Best Art Direction (Black and White) and Best Film Editing. Despite being the odds-on favorite, MacLaine failed to win the Best Actress award. She later said, "I thought I would win for The Apartment, but then, Elizabeth Taylor [who won] had a tracheotomy." The film, which Roger Ebert included in his 2001 Great Movies list, has become MacLaine's signature role. Charlize Theron, speaking at the 89th Academy Awards, praised MacLaine's performance as "raw and real and funny", and as making "this black and white movie feel like it's in color".
She starred in The Children's Hour (1961), also starring Audrey Hepburn and James Garner, based on the play by Lillian Hellman, and directed by William Wyler. She was again nominated, this time for Irma la Douce (1963), which reunited her with Wilder and Lemmon.
MacLaine devoted several pages in her first memoir, Don't Fall Off the Mountain (1970), to a 1963 incident in which she had marched into the Los Angeles office of The Hollywood Reporter and punched columnist Mike Connolly in the mouth. She was angered by what he had said in his column about her ongoing contractual dispute with producer Hal Wallis, who had introduced her to the movie industry in 1954 and whom she eventually sued successfully for violating the terms of their contract. The incident with Connolly garnered a headline on the cover of the New York Post on June 11, 1963. The full story appeared on page 5 under the headline “Shirley Delivers A Punchy Line” with the byline Bernard Lefkowitz.
At the peak of her success, she replaced Marilyn Monroe in two projects in which Monroe had planned, at the end of her life, to star: Irma la Douce (1963) and What a Way to Go! (1964). MacLaine worked with Michael Caine in Gambit (1966).
In 1969, MacLaine starred in the film version of the musical Sweet Charity, directed by Bob Fosse, and based on the script for Fellini's Nights of Cabiria released a decade earlier. Gwen Verdon, who originated the role onstage, had hoped to play Charity in the film version, however MacLaine won the role due to her name being more well known to audiences at the time. Verdon signed on as assistant choreographer, helping teach MacLaine the dances and leading the camera through some of the more intricate routines. MacLaine received a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical nomination. The film, while not a financial success, launched Fosse's film directing career with his next film being Cabaret (1972).
MacLaine was cast as a photojournalist in a short-lived television sitcom, Shirley's World (1971–1972), co-produced by Sheldon Leonard and ITC and shot in the United Kingdom. Her documentary film The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir (1975), co-directed with Claudia Weill, concentrates on the experiences of women in China. It was nominated for the year's Documentary Feature Oscar. In 1976 MacLaine appeared in a series of concerts at the London Palladium and New York's Palace Theatre. The latter of these was released as the acclaimed live album Shirley MacLaine Live at the Palace. Co-starring with Anne Bancroft in The Turning Point (1977), MacLaine portrayed a retired ballerina much like herself; she was nominated for an Oscar as the Best Actress in a Leading Role. In 1978, she was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award for outstanding women who, through their endurance and the excellence of their work, have helped to expand the role of women within the entertainment industry.
In 1979 she starred alongside Peter Sellers in Hal Ashby's satirical film Being There. The film revolves around Chance (Sellers), a simpleminded, sheltered gardener, who becomes an unlikely trusted advisor to a powerful businessman and an insider in Washington politics, after his wealthy old boss dies. The film received widespread acclaim with Roger Ebert writing that he admired the film "for having the guts to take this totally weird conceit and push it to its ultimate comic conclusion". Despite not receiving an Academy Award nomination, MacLaine received a British Academy Film Award, and Golden Globe Award nomination for her performance.
In 1980, MacLaine starred in A Change of Seasons (1980) alongside Anthony Hopkins. The two famously did not get along with each other and the film was not a success due to what critics faulted as the screenplay. MacLaine however did receive positive notices from critics. Vincent Canby wrote in his The New York Times review that the film "exhibits no sense of humor and no appreciation for the ridiculous … the screenplay [is] often dreadful … the only appealing performance is Miss MacLaine's, and she's too good to be true. A Change of Seasons does prove one thing, though. A farce about characters who've been freed of their conventional obligations quickly becomes aimless."
In 1983, MacLaine starred in James L. Brooks's comedy-drama film Terms of Endearment (1983) playing Debra Winger's mother. The film focuses on the strained relationship between mother and daughter over 30 years. The film also starred Jack Nicholson, Jeff Daniels, and John Lithgow. The film was a major critical and commercial success, grossing $108.4 million at the domestic box office and becoming the second-highest-grossing film of 1983. The film received a leading eleven nominations at the 56th Academy Awards, and won five including Best Picture. MacLaine earned her first Academy Award for her performance.
MacLaine has continued to star in major films, such as the family southern drama Steel Magnolias (1989) directed by Herbert Ross and also starring with Sally Field, Julia Roberts, and Dolly Parton. The film focuses around a bond that a group of women share in a small-town Southern community, and how they cope with the death of a loved one. The film was a box office success earning $96.8 million off a budget of $15 million. MacLaine received a British Academy Film Award for her performance. She starred in Mike Nichols' film Postcards from the Edge (1990), with Meryl Streep, playing a fictionalized version of Debbie Reynolds from a screenplay by Reynolds's daughter, Carrie Fisher. Fisher wrote the screenplay based on her book. MacLaine received another Golden Globe Award nomination for her performance.
MacLaine continued to act in films such as Used People (1992), with Jessica Tandy and Kathy Bates; Guarding Tess (1994), with Nicolas Cage; Mrs. Winterbourne (1996), with Ricki Lake and Brendan Fraser; The Evening Star (1996); Rumor Has It…(2005) with Kevin Costner and Jennifer Aniston; In Her Shoes (also 2005), with Cameron Diaz and Toni Collette; and Closing the Ring (2007), directed by Richard Attenborough and starring Christopher Plummer. She would later reunite with Plummer in the 2014 comedy film Elsa & Fred directed by Michael Radford. In 2000, she made her feature-film directorial debut, and starred in Bruno, which was released to video as The Dress Code. In 2011 MacLaine starred in Richard Linklater's dark comedy film Bernie alongside Jack Black, and Matthew McConaughey.
MacLaine has also appeared in numerous television projects, including an autobiographical miniseries based upon the book Out on a Limb; The Salem Witch Trials; These Old Broads written by Carrie Fisher and co-starring Elizabeth Taylor, Debbie Reynolds, and Joan Collins. In 2009, she starred in Coco Before Chanel, a Lifetime production based on the life of Coco Chanel which earned her Primetime Emmy Award, and Golden Globe Award nominations. She appeared in the third and fourth seasons of the acclaimed British drama Downton Abbey as Martha Levinson, mother to Cora, Countess of Grantham (played by Elizabeth McGovern), and Harold Levinson (played by Paul Giamatti) in 2012–2013.
In 2016, MacLaine starred in Wild Oats with Jessica Lange. In February 2016, it was announced that MacLaine would star in the live-action family film The Little Mermaid, based on the Hans Christian Andersen fairytale, and produced by MVP Studios.
MacLaine was married to businessman Steve Parker from 1954 until their divorce in 1982; they have a daughter, Sachi. When Sachi was in her late twenties, she learned that her mother believed that her father Steve was not her real father but a clone of the real one, an astronaut named Paul.
In April 2011, while promoting her new book, I'm Over All That, she revealed to Oprah Winfrey that she had had an open relationship with her husband. MacLaine also told Winfrey that she often fell for the leading men she worked with, with the exceptions of Jack Lemmon (The Apartment, Irma la Douce) and Jack Nicholson (Terms of Endearment). MacLaine also had a long-running affair with Australian politician and two-time Liberal leader Andrew Peacock.
MacLaine has also gotten into feuds with such notable co-stars as Anthony Hopkins (A Change of Seasons), who said that "she was the most obnoxious actress I have ever worked with," and Debra Winger (Terms of Endearment).
She has a strong interest in spirituality and metaphysics, the central theme of some of her best-selling books, including Out on a Limb and Dancing in the Light. She has undertaken such forms of spiritual exploration as walking the Way of St. James, working with Chris Griscom, and practicing Transcendental Meditation.
Her well-known interest in New Age spirituality has also made its way into several of her films. In Albert Brooks's romantic comedy Defending Your Life (1991), the recently deceased lead characters, played by Brooks and Meryl Streep, are astonished to find MacLaine introducing their past lives in the "Past Lives Pavilion". In Postcards from the Edge (1990), MacLaine sings a version of "I'm Still Here", with customized lyrics created for her by composer Stephen Sondheim. One of the lyrics was changed to "I'm feeling transcendental – am I here?" In the 2001 television movie These Old Broads, MacLaine's character is a devotee of New Age spirituality.
She has an interest in UFOs, and gave numerous interviews on CNN, NBC and Fox news channels on the subject during 2007–08. In her book Sage-ing While Age-ing (2007), she described alien encounters and witnessing a Washington, D.C. UFO incident in the 1950s. On an episode of The Oprah Winfrey Show in April 2011, MacLaine stated that she and her neighbor observed numerous UFO incidents at her New Mexico ranch for extended periods of time.
Along with her brother, Warren Beatty, MacLaine used her celebrity status in instrumental roles as a fundraiser and organizer for George McGovern's campaign for president in 1972. That year, she wrote the book McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs. She appeared at her brother's concerts Four for McGovern and Together for McGovern, and she joined with Sid Bernstein to produce the woman-focused Star-Spangled Women for McGovern–Shriver variety show at Madison Square Garden.
On February 7, 2013, Penguin Group USA published Sachi Parker's autobiography Lucky Me: My Life With – and Without – My Mom, Shirley MacLaine. MacLaine has called the book "virtually all fiction".
In 2015, she sparked criticism for her comments on Jews, Christians, and Stephen Hawking. In particular she claimed that victims of the Holocaust were experiencing the results of their own karma, and suggested that Hawking subconsciously caused himself to develop ALS as a means to focus better on physics.
In 1966, MacLaine sued Twentieth Century-Fox for breach of contract when the studio reneged on its agreement to star MacLaine in a film version of the Broadway musical Bloomer Girl based on the life of Amelia Bloomer, a mid-nineteenth century feminist, suffragist, and abolitionist, that was to be filmed in Hollywood. Instead, Fox gave MacLaine one week to accept their offer of the female dramatic lead in the Western Big Country, Big Man to be filmed in Australia. The case was decided in MacLaine's favor, and affirmed on appeal by the California Supreme Court in 1970; the case is often cited in law-school textbooks as a major example of employment-contract law.
|1955||Shower of Stars||Herself||2 episodes|
|1976||Gypsy in my Soul||Herself||Television special with Lucille Ball|
|1971-72||Shirley's World||Shirley Logan||17 episodes|
|1977||The Shirley MacLaine Special:
Where Do We Go From Here?
|1979||Shirley MacLaine at the Lido||Herself||Television special|
|1987||Out on a Limb||Shirley MacLaine||Television movie|
|1995||The West Side Waltz||Margaret Mary Elderdice||Television movie|
|1998||Stories from My Childhood||Narrator||Episode: "The Nutcracker"|
|1999||Joan of Arc||Madame de Beaurevoir||2 episodes|
|2002||Salem Witch Trials||Rebecca Nurse||Television movie|
|2002||The Battle of Mary Kay||Mary Kay||Television movie|
|2008||Coco Chanel||Coco Chanel||Television movie|
|2008||Anne of Green Gables: A New Beginning||Amelia Thomas||Television movie|
|2012-13||Downton Abbey||Martha Levinson||3 episodes|
|2014||Glee||June Dolloway||2 episodes|
|2016||A Heavenly Christmas||Pearl||Television movie|
|1953||Me and Juliet||Dance Ensemble||Majestic Theatre, Broadway|||
|1954||The Pajama Game||Dancer/Gladys||Shubert Theatre, Broadway|
|1976||Shirley MacLaine||Herself||Palace Theatre, Broadway|
|1984||Shirley MacLaine on Broadway||Herself||Gershwin Theatre, Broadway|
Honors and legacy
- In 1960 she received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1617 Vine Street
- In 1999 was awarded the Honorary Golden Bear at the 49th Berlin International Film Festival,
- In 2011, the government of France made her a Chevalier de la Legion d'honneur.
- In 2013, MacLaine was awarded the Kennedy Center Honors for lifetime contributions to American culture through the performing arts.
- In 2017 MacLaine was featured in a segment in which Charlize Theron praised her for her work in The Apartment during the 2017 Academy Awards telecast.
She later presented the Academy Award for Best International Film of the year alongside Charlize Theron.
- In 2019 she won the Movies for Grown Ups with AARP the Magazine's Life Time Achievement Award.
Awards and nominations
- MacLaine, Shirley (1970). Don't Fall Off the Mountain. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Limited. ISBN 978-0-393-07338-6.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1972). McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Limited. ISBN 978-0-393-05341-8.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1975). You Can Get There from Here. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Limited. ISBN 978-0-393-07489-5.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1983). Out on a Limb. New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-553-05035-6.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1986). Dancing in the Light. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-76196-2.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1987). It's All in the Playing. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-05217-6.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1990). Going Within: A Guide to Inner Transformation. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-055-328-3310.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1991). Dance While You Can. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-07607-3.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1995). My Lucky Stars: A Hollywood Memoir. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-09717-7.
- MacLaine, Shirley (2000). The Camino: A Journey of the Spirit. New York: Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-7434-0072-5. (Published in Europe as: MacLaine, Shirley (2001). The Camino: A Pilgrimage of Courage. London: Pocket Books. ISBN 0-7434-0921-3.)
- MacLaine, Shirley (2003). Out on a Leash: Exploring the Nature of Reality and Love. New York: Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-7434-8506-7.
- MacLaine, Shirley (2007). Sage-ing While Age-ing. New York: Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-4165-5041-9.
- MacLaine, Shirley (2011). I'm Over All That: And Other Confessions. New York: Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-4516-0729-1.
- MacLaine, Shirley (2013). What If...: A lifetime of questions, speculations, reasonable guesses, and a few things I know for sure. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-47113-139-4.
- MacLaine, Shirley (2016). Above the Line: My 'Wild Oats' Adventure. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1501136412.
- Walsh, John (September 1, 2012). "Shirley MacLaine: Tough at the top". The Independent. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Gary Boyd Roberts (Revised April 18, 2008) #83 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: A Third Set of Ten Hollywood Figures (or Groups Thereof), with a Coda on Two Directors. New England Historic Genealogical Society
- Kohn, David; Mike Wallace (May 16, 2000). "Shirley MacLaine's Recent Lives". 60 Minutes. CBS News. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- "The religion of Warren Beatty, actor, director". Adherents.com. August 30, 2005. Retrieved March 6, 2010.
- Suzanne Finstad (October 24, 2006). Warren Beatty: A Private Man. p. 396. ISBN 9780307345295. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
- Peter Biskind (May 13, 2010). Star: The Life and Wild Times of Warren Beatty. ISBN 9781847378392. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
- Laura Trieschmann; Paul Weishar & Anna Stillner (May 2011). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Dominion Hills Historic District" (PDF).
- Denis, Christopher (1980). The films of Shirley MacLaine. Citadel Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-8065-0693-7. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
- MacLaine, Shirley (November 1, 1996). My Lucky Stars: A Hollywood Memoir. Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-553-57233-9. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
- "Shirley MacLaine Biography". Biography.com. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- Shirley MacLaine at the Internet Broadway Database
- Finstad, Suzanne, Warren Beatty: A Private Man (2005, NY, Random House) page 106. The exact nature of Haney's injury - a sprain, a torn ligament, a break, a fracture - varies from source to source.
- "Social Media Gushes Over Shirley MacLaine After Oscars Appearance". TheWrap. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1970). Don't Fall Off the Mountain. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Limited. ISBN 978-0-393-07338-6.
- Hanrihan v. Parker, 19 Misc. 2d 467, 469 (N.Y. Misc. 1959).
- Lefkowitz, Bernard (June 11, 1963). “Shirley Delivers A Punchy Line.” New York Post
- Lefkowitz, Bernard (June 11, 1963). “Shirley Delivers A Punchy Line.” New York Post
- "Sweet Charity". TCM.com. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
- Patrick McGilligan, Clint: The Life and Legend (1999), p. 182
- "Shirley MacLaine - Live at the Palace at Discogs". discogs.com. Retrieved April 11, 2017.
- "Shirley MacLaine Live at the Palace Gets CD Release April 23". Playbill. Retrieved April 11, 2017.
-  Archived June 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "Movie Reviews". March 1, 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
- O'Connell, Michael (January 30, 2012). "'Downton Abbey' Adds Shirley MacLaine for Season 3". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 31, 2012.
- Itzkoff, Dave (March 3, 2013). "Shirley MacLaine to Return to 'Downton Abbey', but Others Are Leaving the Series". The New York Times. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- McNary, Dave (February 23, 2016). "Shirley MacLaine Starring in 'A Little Mermaid' Movie". Variety. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
- Parker, Sachi (December 3, 2013). Lucky Me: My Life With – and Without – My Mom, Shirley MacLaine. Avery Publishing. p. 207. ISBN 9781592407880.
- Gostin, Nicki. "Shirley MacLaine's daughter: My mom thought my dad was a clone, astronaut". FoxNews.com. Fox News. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
- "Shirley MacLaine interviewed on 'The Oprah Winfrey Show'". BestSyndication.com. April 11, 2011.
- "Shirley MacLaine admits she slept with three people in one day". The Daily Telegraph. April 13, 2011. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- Maiden, Samantha (April 17, 2011). "Shirley MacLaine reveals all on her affair with former Foreign Minister Andrew Peacock". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved April 17, 2011.
- Hawkes, Rebecca (February 13, 2015). "10 on-screen couples who hated each other in real life". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Graham, Mark (September 6, 2008). "After All These Years, Debra Winger Still Can't Stand Shirley MacLaine's Guts". Gawker. Archived from the original on June 7, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- Brew, Simon (September 27, 2013). "14 Co-stars Who Really Didn't Get Along". Dennis Publishing. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- Flynn, Gaynor (October 24, 2008). "Debra Winger: The return of a class act". The Independent. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- Farha, Bryan (2007). A Critical Analysis; Paranormal Claims. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-7618-3772-5.
- Chryssides, George D. (2001). The A to Z of New Religious Movements. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 191. ISBN 978-0-8108-5588-5.
- Haederle, Michael (February 6, 1992). "School Founder Listened to That Little Voice". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- "Maharishi Mahesh Yogi". Los Angeles Times. February 6, 2008. Retrieved March 6, 2010.
- "NBC, Today show: Shirley MacLaine: Older and much wiser". today.msnbc.msn.com. November 7, 2007. Archived from the original on October 5, 2012.
- "Hollywood Legend Shirley MacLaine". oprah.com. April 11, 2011.
- MacLaine, Shirley, McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1972.
- McGovern, George S., Grassroots: The Autobiography of George McGovern, New York: Random House, 1977, pp. 126, 172.
- White, Theodore H., The Making of the President 1972, Atheneum Publishers, 1973, pp. 236, 258, 425.
- Melanson, Jim (November 11, 1972). "Political Concerts: Losers & Winners". Billboard. Vol. 84 no. 46. p. 13. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Farhi, Paul (January 15, 2005). "Kucinich Blends New Age Aura With Old-School Grit". The Washington Post.
- Lucky Me. Penguin Group
- Deutschmann, Jennifer (February 17, 2015). "Shirley MacLaine Suggests the Holocaust Was a Form of Karma". Inquisitr. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
- Hanrihan v. Parker, 19 Misc. 2d 467, 469 (N.Y. Misc. 1959).
- "Parker v. Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp., 474 P. 2d 689 - Cal: Supreme Court 1970". Google Scholar. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
- "Parker v. Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp. (Cal.)". Prentice-Hall, Inc. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
- "Parker v. Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation (California 1970)". CaseBriefSummary.com. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
- "Shirley MacLaine". Playbill.com. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
- "Berlinale: 1999 Programme". Berlinale. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Little, Ryan (December 30, 2013). "10 Best Moments From the 2013 Kennedy Center Honors". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
- "Shirley MacLaine - Awards". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
- "Winners & Nominees Shirley MacLaine". goldenglobes.com. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
- "Shirley MacLaine - Emmy Awards, Nominations, and Wins". Emmys.com. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
- "21. Mostra Internazionale d'Arte Cinematografica (1960) – Premi" [The 21st Venice International Film Festival (1960) – Awards] (in Italian). Venice Biennale: Historical Archive of Contemporary Arts (ASAC). Archived from the original on July 25, 2019. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
- "45. Mostra Internazionale del Cinema (1988) – Premi" [The 45th Venice International Film Festival (1988) – Awards] (in Italian). Venice Biennale: Historical Archive of Contemporary Arts (ASAC). Archived from the original on July 26, 2019. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
- Erens, Patricia (1978). The Films of Shirley MacLaine. South Brunswick: A. S. Barnes. ISBN 0-498-01993-4.
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