Shirley MacLaine

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Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine - 1960jpg.jpg
in The Apartment (1960)
Born Shirley MacLean Beaty
(1934-04-24) April 24, 1934 (age 82)
Richmond, Virginia, U.S.
Occupation Actress, singer, dancer, author, activist
Years active 1953–present
Political party Democratic[1]
Spouse(s) Steve Parker
(m. 1954; div. 1982)
Children Sachi Parker
Relatives Annette Bening (sister-in-law)
Family Warren Beatty (brother)
Website shirleymaclaine.com

Shirley MacLean Beaty[2] (born April 24, 1934),[2] known professionally as Shirley MacLaine, is an American film, television and theater actress, singer, dancer, activist and author. MacLaine has won an Academy Award, five Golden Globe Awards, including the Cecil B. DeMille Award, an Emmy Award and two BAFTA Awards.

In 2012, MacLaine received the 40th AFI Life Achievement Award from the American Film Institute, and in 2013 received the Kennedy Center Honors for her lifetime contributions to American culture through the performing arts. MacLaine is known for her New Age beliefs, and has an interest in spirituality and reincarnation. MacLaine has written a series of autobiographical works that reveal her spiritual beliefs, document her world travels, and describe her Hollywood career.

Early life[edit]

Named after Shirley Temple (who was 6 years old at the time), Shirley MacLean Beaty was born in Richmond, Virginia. Her father, Ira Owens Beaty,[3] was a professor of psychology, public school administrator, and real estate agent, and her mother, Kathlyn Corinne (née MacLean), was a drama teacher, originally from Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada. MacLaine's younger brother is the actor, writer and director Warren Beatty; he changed the spelling of his surname when he became an actor.[4] Their parents raised them as Baptists.[5] Her uncle (her mother's brother-in-law) was A. A. MacLeod, a Communist member of the Ontario legislature in the 1940s.[6][7] While MacLaine was still a child, Ira Beaty moved his family from Richmond to Norfolk, and then to Arlington and Waverly, eventually taking a position at Arlington's Thomas Jefferson Junior High School. MacLaine played baseball on an all-boys team, holding the record for most home runs which earned her the nickname "Powerhouse". During the 1950s, the family resided in the Dominion Hills section of Arlington.[8]

As a toddler she had weak ankles and would fall over with the slightest misstep, so her mother decided to enroll her in ballet class at the Washington School of Ballet at the age of three.[9] This was the beginning of her interest in performing. Strongly motivated by ballet, she never missed a class. In classical romantic pieces like Romeo and Juliet and The Sleeping Beauty, she always played the boys' roles due to being the tallest in the group and the absence of males in the class. Eventually she had a substantial female role as the fairy godmother in Cinderella; while warming up backstage, she broke her ankle, but then tightened the ribbons on her toe shoes and proceeded to dance the role all the way through before calling for an ambulance. Ultimately she decided against making a career of professional ballet because she had grown too tall and was unable to acquire perfect technique. She explained that she didn't have the ideal body type, lacking the requisite "beautifully constructed feet" of high arches, high insteps and a flexible ankle.[10] Also slowly realizing ballet's propensity to be too all-consuming, and ultimately limiting, she moved on to other forms of dancing, acting and musical theater.

She attended Washington-Lee High School, where she was on the cheerleading squad and acted in school theatrical productions. The summer before her senior year, she went to New York City to try acting on Broadway, and had some success. After she graduated, she returned and within a year became an understudy to actress Carol Haney in The Pajama Game; Haney broke her ankle, and MacLaine replaced her. A few months after, with Haney still injured, film producer Hal B. Wallis saw MacLaine's performance, and signed her to work for Paramount Pictures. She later sued Wallis over a contractual dispute, a suit that has been credited with ending the old-style studio star system of actor management.[11]

Career[edit]

MacLaine in her debut film The Trouble with Harry (1955)

MacLaine made her film debut in Alfred Hitchcock's The Trouble with Harry (1955), for which she won the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress. Quickly followed by her role in the Martin and Lewis film Artists and Models (also 1955). Soon afterwards, she had a role in Around the World in 80 Days (1956). This was followed by Hot Spell and a leading role in Some Came Running (both 1958); for the latter film she gained her first Academy Award nomination and a Golden Globe nomination. Her second Oscar nomination came two years later for The Apartment (1960), starring with Jack Lemmon. The film won five Oscars, including Best Director for Billy Wilder. She later said, "I thought I would win for The Apartment, but then Elizabeth Taylor had a tracheotomy." She starred in The Children's Hour (1961) also starring Audrey Hepburn and James Garner, based on the play by Lillian Hellman and directed by William Wyler. She was again nominated, this time for Irma la Douce (1963), which reunited her with Wilder and Lemmon. Don Siegel, her director on Two Mules for Sister Sara (1970) said of her: "It's hard to feel any great warmth to her. She's too unfeminine and has too much balls. She's very, very hard."[12] At the peak of her success, she replaced Marilyn Monroe in Irma la Douce and What a Way to Go! (1964).

in "Shirley MacLaine – Live at the Palace Theatre," 1976

MacLaine's documentary film The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir (1975), co-directed with Claudia Weill, concentrates on the experiences of women in China. It was nominated for the year's Documentary Feature Oscar. Co-starring with Anne Bancroft in The Turning Point (1977), MacLaine portrayed a retired ballerina much like herself; she was nominated for an Oscar as the Best Actress in a Leading Role. In 1978, she was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award for outstanding women who, through their endurance and the excellence of their work, have helped to expand the role of women within the entertainment industry.[13] In 1980, she starred in A Change of Seasons alongside Anthony Hopkins. In 1983, she won the Best Actress in a Leading Role Oscar for Terms of Endearment, playing Debra Winger's mother. The film won another four Oscars; Best Actor in a Supporting Role for Jack Nicholson, Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium and Best Director for James L. Brooks, and Best Picture. In 1988, MacLaine won a Golden Globe for Best Actress (Drama) for Madame Sousatzka.

She continued to star in major films, such as Steel Magnolias with Sally Field, Julia Roberts and other stars. In 2000 she made her feature-film directorial debut and starred in Bruno, which was released to video as The Dress Code. Other notable films in which MacLaine has starred include Sweet Charity (1968); Being There (1979) with Peter Sellers; Postcards from the Edge (1990) with Meryl Streep, playing a fictionalized version of Debbie Reynolds with a screenplay by Reynolds's daughter, Carrie Fisher; Used People (1992) with Jessica Tandy and Kathy Bates; Guarding Tess (1994) with Nicolas Cage; Mrs. Winterbourne (1996), with Ricki Lake and Brendan Fraser; Rumor Has It… (2005) with Kevin Costner and Jennifer Aniston; In Her Shoes with Cameron Diaz and Toni Collette; and Closing the Ring (2007) directed by Richard Attenborough and starring Christopher Plummer.

MacLaine has also appeared in numerous television projects including an autobiographical miniseries based upon the book Out on a Limb; The Salem Witch Trials; These Old Broads written by Carrie Fisher and co-starring Elizabeth Taylor, Debbie Reynolds, and Joan Collins; and Coco, a Lifetime production based on the life of Coco Chanel. She had a short-lived television sitcom called Shirley's World. She appeared in the third and fourth seasons of the British drama Downton Abbey as Martha Levinson, mother to Cora, Countess of Grantham (played by Elizabeth McGovern) and Harold Levinson (played by Paul Giamatti) in 2012–2013.[14][15]

MacLaine was awarded the Kennedy Center Honors for lifetime contributions to American culture through the performing arts in December 2013.[16] She also has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1617 Vine Street and in 1999 was awarded the Honorary Golden Bear at the 49th Berlin International Film Festival.[17]

In February 2016, it was announced that MacLaine will star in the live-action family film A Little Mermaid, based on the Hans Christian Andersen fairytale, to be produced by MVP Studios.[18]

In 2011, the government of France made her a Chevalier de la Legion d'honneur.

Personal life[edit]

MacLaine in Deauville, France, in September 1987

MacLaine was married to businessman Steve Parker from 1954 until their divorce in 1982; they have a daughter, Sachi. In April 2011, while promoting her new book, I'm Over All That, she revealed to Oprah Winfrey that she had had an open relationship with her husband.[19] MacLaine also told Winfrey that she often fell for the leading men she worked with, with the exceptions of Jack Lemmon (The Apartment) and Jack Nicholson (Terms of Endearment).[20]

MacLaine has also gotten into feuds with such notable co-stars as Anthony Hopkins (A Change of Seasons), who said that "she was the most obnoxious actress I have ever worked with," and Debra Winger (Terms of Endearment).[2][21][22][23][24][25][26][27]

MacLaine has claimed that, in a previous life in Atlantis, she was the brother to a 35,000-year-old spirit named Ramtha channeled by American mystic teacher and author J. Z. Knight.[28][29]

She has a strong interest in spirituality and metaphysics, the central theme of some of her best-selling books including Out on a Limb and Dancing in the Light. She has undertaken such forms of spiritual exploration as walking the Way of St. James, working with Chris Griscom,[30] and practicing Transcendental Meditation.[31]

Her well-known interest in New Age spirituality has also made its way into several of her films. In Albert Brooks's romantic comedy Defending Your Life (1991), the recently deceased lead characters, played by Brooks and Meryl Streep, are astonished to find MacLaine introducing their past lives in the "Past Lives Pavilion". In Postcards from the Edge (1990), MacLaine sings a version of "I'm Still Here", with customized lyrics created for her by composer Stephen Sondheim. One of the lyrics was changed to "I'm feeling transcendental – am I here?" In the television movie These Old Broads, MacLaine's character is a devotee of New Age spirituality.

She has an interest in UFOs, and gave numerous interviews on CNN, NBC and Fox news channels on the subject during 2007–2008. In her book Sage-ing While Age-ing (2007), she described alien encounters and witnessing a Washington, D.C. UFO incident in the 1950s.[32] In the April 2011 edition of the Oprah show MacLaine stated that she and her neighbor observed numerous UFO incidents at her New Mexico ranch for extended periods of time.[33]

MacLaine is godmother to the daughter of former Democratic U.S. Representative Dennis Kucinich.[34]

Along with her brother, Warren Beatty, MacLaine used her celebrity status in instrumental roles as a fundraiser and organizer for George McGovern's campaign for president in 1972.[35][36][37] That year, she authored the book McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs.[35]

On February 7, 2013, Penguin Group USA published Sachi Parker's autobiography Lucky Me: My Life With – and Without – My Mom, Shirley MacLaine.[38] MacLaine has called the book "virtually all fiction".[39]

In 2015, she sparked criticism for her comments on Jews, Christians, and Stephen Hawking.[40] In particular she claimed that victims of the Nazi Holocaust were experiencing the results of their own karma, and suggested that Hawking subconsciously caused himself to develop ALS as a means to focus better on physics.[41]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1955 Trouble with Harry, TheThe Trouble with Harry Jennifer Rogers Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress
1955 Artists and Models Bessie Sparrowbrush
1956 Around the World in 80 Days Princess Aouda
1958 Some Came Running Ginnie Moorehead Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
1958 Sheepman, TheThe Sheepman Dell Payton
1958 Hot Spell Virginia Duval
1958 Matchmaker, TheThe Matchmaker Irene Molloy
1959 Ask Any Girl Meg Wheeler BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress
Silver Bear for Best ActressBerlin International Film Festival[42]
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1959 Career Sharon Kensington
1960 Ocean's 11 Tipsy woman uncredited cameo
1960 Can-Can Simone Pistache
1960 Apartment, TheThe Apartment Fran Kubelik BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Volpi CupVenice International Film Festival
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress
1961 Children's Hour, TheThe Children's Hour Martha Dobie Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
1961 All in a Night's Work Katie Robbins
1961 Two Loves Anna Vorontosov
1962 Two for the Seesaw Gittel Mosca
1962 My Geisha Lucy Dell/Yoko Mori
1963 Irma la Douce Irma la Douce Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress
1964 Yellow Rolls-Royce, TheThe Yellow Rolls-Royce Mae Jenkins
1964 What a Way to Go! Louisa May Foster Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress
1965 John Goldfarb, Please Come Home Jenny Erichson
1966 Gambit Nicole Chang Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1967 Woman Times Seven Paulette/Maria Teresa/Linda/Edith/
Eve Minou/Marie/Jeanne
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1968 Bliss of Mrs. Blossom, TheThe Bliss of Mrs. Blossom Harriet Blossom
1969 Sweet Charity Charity Hope Valentine Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1970 Two Mules for Sister Sara Sara
1971 Desperate Characters Sophie Bentwood Silver Bear for Best ActressBerlin International Film Festival[43]
1972 Possession of Joel Delaney, TheThe Possession of Joel Delaney Norah Benson
1975 Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir, TheThe Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir Herself Documentary; writer, co-director, producer
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Feature Documentary
1977 Turning Point, TheThe Turning Point Deedee Rodgers Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress
1979 Being There Eve Rand Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1980 Change of Seasons, AA Change of Seasons Karyn Evans
1980 Loving Couples Evelyn
1983 Terms of Endearment Aurora Greenway Academy Award for Best Actress
David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actress
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress
National Board of Review Award for Best Actress
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
1984 Cannonball Run II Veronica
1987 Out on a Limb Herself Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film
1988 Madame Sousatzka Madame Yuvline Sousatzka Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama (tied with Jodie Foster and Sigourney Weaver)
Volpi CupVenice International Film Festival
1989 Steel Magnolias Louisa "Ouiser" Boudreaux Nominated – American Comedy Award for Funniest Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role
Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
1990 Postcards from the Edge Doris Mann Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
1990 Waiting for the Light Aunt Zena
1991 Defending Your Life "Past Lives Pavilion" host
1992 Used People Pearl Berman Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1993 Wrestling Ernest Hemingway Helen Cooney
1994 Guarding Tess Tess Carlisle Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1995 West Side Waltz, TheThe West Side Waltz Margaret Mary Elderdice
1996 Evening Star, TheThe Evening Star Aurora Greenway
1996 Mrs. Winterbourne Grace Winterbourne Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1997 A Smile Like Yours Martha uncredited
2000 The Dress Code Helen Also director
2001 These Old Broads Kate Westbourne
2002 Salem Witch Trials Rebecca Nurse
2002 Hell on Heels: The Battle of Mary Kay Mary Kay Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film
2003 Carolina Grandma Millicent Mirabeau
2005 Rumor Has It… Katharine Richelieu
2005 Bewitched Iris Smythson/Endora
2005 In Her Shoes Ella Hirsch Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
2007 Closing the Ring Ethel Ann
2008 Coco Chanel Coco Chanel Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie[44]
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie
2008 Anne of Green Gables: A New Beginning Amelia Thomas
2010 Valentine's Day Estelle Paddington
2011 Bernie Marjorie Nugent
2013 The Secret Life of Walter Mitty Edna Mitty
2014 Elsa & Fred Elsa Hayes
2016 Wild Oats Eva

Television work[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • MacLaine, Shirley (1970). Don't Fall Off the Mountain. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Limited. ISBN 978-0-393-07338-6. 
  • MacLaine, Shirley (1972). McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Limited. ISBN 978-0-393-05341-8. 
  • MacLaine, Shirley (1975). You Can Get There from Here. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Limited. ISBN 978-0-393-07489-5. 
  • MacLaine, Shirley (1983). Out on a Limb. New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-553-05035-6. 
  • MacLaine, Shirley (1986). Dancing in the Light. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-76196-2. 
  • MacLaine, Shirley (1987). It's All in the Playing. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-05217-6. 
  • MacLaine, Shirley (1990). Going Within: A Guide to Inner Transformation. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-055-328-3310. 
  • MacLaine, Shirley (1991). Dance While You Can. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-07607-3. 
  • MacLaine, Shirley (1995). My Lucky Stars: A Hollywood Memoir. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-09717-7. 
  • MacLaine, Shirley (2000). The Camino: A Journey of the Spirit. New York: Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-7434-0072-5.  (Published in Europe as: MacLaine, Shirley (2001). The Camino: A Pilgrimage of Courage. London: Pocket Books. ISBN 0-7434-0921-3. )
  • MacLaine, Shirley (2003). Out on a Leash: Exploring the Nature of Reality and Love. New York: Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-7434-8506-7. 
  • MacLaine, Shirley (2007). Sage-ing While Age-ing. New York: Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-4165-5041-9. 
  • MacLaine, Shirley (2011). I'm Over All That: And Other Confessions. New York: Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-4516-0729-1. 
  • MacLaine, Shirley (2013). What If ...: a lifetime of questions, speculations, reasonable guesses, and a few things I know for sure. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-47113-139-4. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shirley MacLaine – United States Studies Centre". Ussc.edu.au. December 7, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c Walsh, John (September 1, 2012). "Shirley MacLaine: Tough at the top". The Independent. Retrieved June 1, 2015. 
  3. ^ Gary Boyd Roberts (Revised April 18, 2008) #83 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: A Third Set of Ten Hollywood Figures (or Groups Thereof), with a Coda on Two Directors. New England Historic Genealogical Society
  4. ^ Kohn, David; Mike Wallace (May 16, 2000). "Shirley MacLaine's Recent Lives". 60 Minutes. CBS News. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  5. ^ "The religion of Warren Beatty, actor, director". Adherents.com. August 30, 2005. Retrieved March 6, 2010. 
  6. ^ Suzanne Finstad. "Warren Beatty: A Private Man". Books.google.ca. p. 396. Retrieved January 10, 2016. 
  7. ^ Peter Biskind (May 13, 2010). "Star: The Life and Wild Times of Warren Beatty". Books.google.ca. Retrieved January 10, 2016. 
  8. ^ Laura Trieschmann; Paul Weishar & Anna Stillner (May 2011). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Dominion Hills Historic District" (PDF). 
  9. ^ Denis, Christopher (1980). The films of Shirley MacLaine. Citadel Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-8065-0693-7. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  10. ^ MacLaine, Shirley (November 1, 1996). My Lucky Stars: A Hollywood Memoir. Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-553-57233-9. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  11. ^ Hanrihan v. Parker, 19 Misc. 2d 467, 469 (N.Y. Misc. 1959).
  12. ^ Patrick McGilligan, Clint: The Life and Legend (1999), p. 182
  13. ^ [1] Archived June 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ O'Connell, Michael (January 30, 2012). "'Downton Abbey' Adds Shirley MacLaine for Season 3". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 31, 2012. 
  15. ^ Itzkoff, Dave (March 3, 2013). "Shirley MacLaine to Return to 'Downton Abbey,' but Others Are Leaving the Series". The New York Times. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  16. ^ Little, Ryan (December 30, 2013). "10 Best Moments From the 2013 Kennedy Center Honors". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Berlinale: 1999 Programme". berlinale.de. Retrieved February 4, 2012. 
  18. ^ McNary, Dave. "Shirley MacLaine Starring in 'A Little Mermaid' Movie". Variety.com. Variety.com. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  19. ^ "Shirley MacLaine interviewed on 'The Oprah Winfrey Show'". BestSyndication.com. April 11, 2011. 
  20. ^ "Shirley MacLaine admits she slept with three people in one day". The Daily Telegraph. April 13, 2011. Retrieved May 12, 2015. 
  21. ^ Bletchly, Rachael (September 19, 2012). "Facelifts, fame and UFOs: Downton Abbey's Shirley MacLaine on her wacky beliefs". Daily Mirror. Retrieved June 1, 2015. 
  22. ^ Hoffman, Barbara (November 1, 2014). "At 80, Shirley MacLaine still talking — and not looking — back". New York Post. Retrieved June 1, 2015. 
  23. ^ Hawkes, Rebecca (February 13, 2015). "10 on-screen couples who hated each other in real life". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved June 1, 2015. 
  24. ^ Graham, Mark (September 6, 2008). "After All These Years, Debra Winger Still Can't Stand Shirley MacLaine's Guts". Gawker. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  25. ^ Brew, Simon (September 27, 2013). "14 Co-stars Who Really Didn't Get Along". Dennis Publishing. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  26. ^ "Debra Winger: The return of a class act". The Independent. October 24, 2008. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  27. ^ Quin, Eleanor. "TERMS OF ENDEARMENT". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  28. ^ Farha, Bryan (2007). A Critical Analysis; Paranormal Claims. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-7618-3772-5. 
  29. ^ Chryssides, George D. (2001). The A to Z of New Religious Movements. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 191. ISBN 978-0-8108-5588-5. 
  30. ^ Haederle, Michael (February 6, 1992). "School Founder Listened to That Little Voice". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 12, 2015. 
  31. ^ "Maharishi Mahesh Yogi". Los Angeles Times. February 6, 2008. Retrieved March 6, 2010. 
  32. ^ "NBC, Today show: Shirley MacLaine: Older and much wiser". today.msnbc.msn.com. November 7, 2007. 
  33. ^ "Hollywood Legend Shirley MacLaine". oprah.com. April 11, 2011. 
  34. ^ "Shirley MacLaine: I Believe In UFOs More Than Ever, Support Kucinich". The Huffington Post. December 19, 2007. Retrieved March 6, 2010. 
  35. ^ a b MacLaine, Shirley, McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1972.
  36. ^ McGovern, George S., Grassroots: The Autobiography of George McGovern, New York: Random House, 1977, pp. 126, 172.
  37. ^ White, Theodore H., The Making of the President 1972, Atheneum Publishers, 1973, pp. 236, 258, 425.
  38. ^ Lucky Me. Penguin Group
  39. ^ Gostin, Nicki (February 12, 2013). "Shirley MacLaine's Daughter Says 'My Mom Thought My Dad Was Clone Astronaut'". Fox News.
  40. ^ Creighton, Sam. "Outrage as Shirley MacLaine asks were Holocaust victims paying for sins in past lives?". Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved January 10, 2016. 
  41. ^ Jennifer Deutschmann. "Shirley MacLaine Suggests The Holocaust Was A Form Of Karma". Inquisitr.com. Retrieved January 10, 2016. 
  42. ^ "Berlinale 1959: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved January 5, 2010. 
  43. ^ "Berlinale 1971: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved March 13, 2010. 
  44. ^ Shirley Maclaine Emmy Nominated. Emmys.com (April 5, 2011). Retrieved on 2016-02-10.

Further reading[edit]

  • Erens, Patricia (1978) The Films of Shirley MacLaine. South Brunswick: A. S. Barnes ISBN 0-498-01993-4

External links[edit]