Shirley Parish Church
St James' by the Park (sometimes known as Shirley Parish Church) is an Anglican parish church which meets in Shirley, Southampton. The church owns two buildings, St James' and St John's churches. St James' is the church in which footballer Alan Shearer was married, and is a Grade II listed building.
The Domesday Book records a church being present at Shirley in 1085, but on 1 May 1574 the parish of Shirley was amalgamated with that of Millbrook as the small Shirley congregation could not afford the upkeep of the Shirley church building. The Shirley church was demolished in 1609, with stones from the old building used to enlarge St Nicholas' Church building in Millbrook.
By 1836, the population of the combined parish had reached 2,375 inhabitants, and the old Millbrook parish church was too small. Land was donated for a new church building in Shirley by Nathaniel Newman Jefferys, and Church Building Society combined with private funding to pay for the structure itself. The new church, dedicated to St. James, was designed by local architect William Hinves and consecrated on 20 August 1836 by the Bishop of Winchester with a large crowd present despite "unfavourable weather", according to the Hampshire Advertiser newspaper. The newspaper went on to give this description of the new building:
It contains six hundred sittings. At the back of the altar is a gothic screen, divided into three components, the outer entablatures contain the Commandments, the Lord's Prayer and the Belief, the centre entablature the crucifixion by Shayer, a first rate painting, the head of life itself and the expression of subdued anguish is beautifully conceived and awakes the feeling of an intense degree of interest. It is one of the happiest of his late products.
The first vicar of Shirley was the Reverend William Orger, who looked after the parish for 25 years. During this time, the church grew quickly, to such an extend that the building was added to within a few years of its consecration. Balconies added in 1840 raised the capacity to 1080. In 1848, only 432 of these pews were free, implying a regular congregation of around 600. A church clock was provided in 1875, and further new pews and a new chancel were added in 1881.
The parish register for St John's was started in 1912.
The interior of the St James' building was renovated in 1994; the pews were removed and the floor leveled and carpeted. On Tuesday 1st March 2016, they further updated their seating with the addition of new chairs that now blue and are more cushioned than the previous ones.
- Southampton City Council: Listed buildings in Southampton Accessed 13 September 2007.
- Shirley from Domesday to D Day. Southampton: Southampton City Council. 1997. ISBN 1-872649-07-6.
- Preston, Richard. "William Hinves and Alfred Bedborough: architects in nineteenth-century Southampton" (PDF). Southampton Local History Forum Journal. Southampton City Council. p. 5. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- 'Shirburn - Shitterton', A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 85-7. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=51273. Date accessed: 13 September 2007.
- Southampton parish register dates Accessed 13 September 2007.