Shirley Scott

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Shirley Scott
Shirley Scott.jpg
Background information
Born (1934-03-14)March 14, 1934
Origin Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died March 10, 2002(2002-03-10) (aged 67)
Genres Bebop, hard bop, jazz blues, soul jazz
Occupation(s) Bandleader, composer, organist, pianist, educator
Instruments organ, piano
Years active 1955–1995
Labels Prestige, Impulse!, Atlantic, Cadet, Candid
Associated acts Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis, Stanley Turrentine, Al Grey, Jimmy Forrest

Shirley Scott (March 14, 1934 – March 10, 2002)[1] was an American hard bop and soul-jazz organist. She was best known for working with her husband, Stanley Turrentine, and with Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis, both saxophonists. She was known as "Queen of the Organ".[1]


Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Scott was an admirer of Jimmy Smith, Jackie Davis (American soul jazz singer, organist and bandleader), and Bill Doggett (American jazz and rhythm and blues pianist and organist;[2][3] and played piano and trumpet before moving to the Hammond organ, her main instrument, though on occasion she still played piano. In the 1950s she became known for her work (1956–1959) with the saxophone player Eddie Davis, particularly on the song "In the Kitchen". She was married to Stanley Turrentine and played with him from 1960 to 1969. Later, she led her own group, mostly a trio. Saxophonist Harold Vick often played with her.

In the 1980s, she became a jazz educator and a member of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania's jazz community.[4]

Scott won an $8 million settlement in February 2000 against American Home Products, the manufacturers of the diet drug fen-phen.[4] She died of heart failure in 2002.[1]

Selected discography[edit]

Albums with an (*) feature Shirley Scott on piano.

As leader[edit]

With Stanley Turrentine

As sidewoman[edit]

With Mildred Anderson

  • 1960: Person to Person (Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis Showcases Mildred Anderson) (Bluesville BV 1004) - with Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis

With Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis

With Jimmy Forrest

  • 1978: Heart Of The Forrest (Palo Alto; reissued on Muse in 1995)

With Al Grey

  • 1977: Al Grey Jazz All Stars: Travelers Lounge Live (Travelers)* - with Jimmy Forrest
  • 1979: Al Grey/Jimmy Forrest Quintet: Live At Rick's (Aviva)*

With Joe Newman

With Al Smith

  • 1959: Hear My Blues (Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis Showcases Al Smith) (Bluesville BV 1001) - with Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis, also released as Blues Shout!


  1. ^ a b c - accessed May 2010
  2. ^ personal interview -- Dr. Linda F. Williams; ethnomusicologist
  3. ^ )
  4. ^ a b 'Organ queen' Shirley Scott dies". March 13, 2002. New Pittsburgh Courier.

External links[edit]