Shiromani Akali Dal

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Shiromani Akali Dal Badal
PresidentSukhbir Singh Badal
Lok Sabha leaderPrem Singh Chandumajra
Rajya Sabha leaderNaresh Gujral
Founded14 October 1920 (98 years ago) (1920-10-14)
HeadquartersBlock #6, Madhya Marg
Sector 28, Chandigarh
Student wingStudent Organisation of India Badal [1] (SOI)[2]
Youth wingYouth Akali Dal Badal
IdeologyPunjabiyat[3]
Punjabi nationalism[4]
Conservatism[5]
Political positionRight-wing
ColoursOrange
ECI StatusState Party[6]
AllianceNational Democratic Alliance
Seats in Lok Sabha
4 / 545
[7](currently 520 members + 1 Speaker)
Seats in Rajya Sabha
3 / 245
Election symbol
Weighing Balance
Website
www.shiromaniakalidal.net

The Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) (translation: Supreme Akali Party) is a political party in India. There are a large number of parties with the name "Shiromani Akali Dal". The party recognised as "Shiromani Akali Dal Badal" by the Election Commission of India is the one led by Sukhbir Singh Badal & family. It controls Sikh religious bodies Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee and is the largest and most influential Punjabi political party worldwide. The basic philosophy of Akali Dal Badal is to give a political voice to Sikh issues and it believes that religion and politics go hand in hand. Shiromani Akali Dal Badal is part of the BJP led NDA.Wife of Sukhbir Singh Badal is Union Cabinet Minister.Brother in Laws of Sukhbir Singh Badal are Ministers and main office bearers of family controlled party.

History[edit]

British India[edit]

Akali Dal was formed on 14 December 1920 as a task force of the Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, the Sikh religious body. The Akali Dal considers itself the principal representative of Sikhs. Sardar Sarmukh Singh Chubbal was the first president of a unified proper Akali Dal, but it became popular under Master Tara Singh.[citation needed]

In the provincial election of 1937, the Akali Dal won 10 seats. The Khalsa Nationalists won 11 seats and joined the coalition government headed by the Unionist leader Sikander Hyat Khan. The Akalis sat in opposition and made occasional forays into reaching an understanding with the Muslim League, which never reached fruition.[8]

In the provincial election of 1946, the Akali Dal won 22 seats and joined the coalition government headed by the Unionist Khizar Hayat Khan Tiwana, along with the Indian National Congress. The Muslim League was unable to capture power, despite having won the largest number of seats, which perhaps suited it fine as it strengthened its Pakistan demand. The Muslim League launched a civil disobedience campaign, bringing down the Tiwana government by March 1947. The rest of the period till Indian independence was filled by Governor's Rule.[9]

Independent India[edit]

In the 1950s, the party launched the Punjabi Suba movement, demanding a state with majority of Punjabi speaking people, out of undivided East Punjab under the leadership of Sant Fateh Singh. In 1966, the present Punjab was formed. Akali Dal came to power in the new Punjab, but early governments didn't live long due to internal conflicts and power struggles within the party. Later, party strengthened and party governments completed full term.

Party presidents[edit]

Following is the list of presidents of the party as given on party website.

Current Members in Houses[edit]

House Current Members
Union Parliament
Rajya Sabha 3
Lok Sabha 4
State Legislature
Punjab Legislative Assembly 14/117
Delhi Legislative Assembly 1/70

Punjab Chief Minister belonging to Akali Dal[edit]

In general elections[edit]

Year General election Seats won Change in # of seats Percentage of vote Vote swing
Indian general election, 1945 6th Central Legislative Assembly 2 Increase 2
Indian general election, 1951 1st Lok Sabha 4 0.99%
Indian general election, 1957 2nd Lok Sabha 0 ? Decrease4
Indian general election, 1962 3rd Lok Sabha 3 Increase3 0.72%
Indian general election, 1967 4th Lok Sabha 0[10][better source needed] Decrease3
Indian general election, 1971 5th Lok Sabha 1 Increase1 0.87%
Indian general election, 1977 6th Lok Sabha 9 Increase8 1.26%
Indian general election, 1980 7th Lok Sabha 1 Decrease 8 0.71%
Indian general election, 1984 8th Lok Sabha 7 Increase 7 17.9%
Indian general election, 1989 9th Lok Sabha 0 Decrease7
Indian general election, 1991 10th Lok Sabha 0 Steady
Indian general election, 1996 11th Lok Sabha 8 Increase 8 0.76%
Indian general election, 1998 12th Lok Sabha 8 Steady 0.81%
Indian general election, 1999 13th Lok Sabha 10 Increase 2 25.58%
Indian general election, 2004 14th Lok Sabha 8 Decrease 2 34.28%
Indian general election, 2009 15th Lok Sabha 4 Decrease 4 0.96%
Indian general election, 2014 16th Lok Sabha 4 Steady 20.30% Decrease 13.55%

In state elections[edit]

Punjab[edit]

Haryana[edit]

Delhi[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SOI".
  2. ^ "SOI Clash". Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  3. ^ "SAD aims to widen reach, to contest UP poll". The Tribune. Chandigarh. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  4. ^ Pandher, Sarabjit (3 September 2013). "In post-Independence India, the SAD launched the Punjabi Suba morcha in the 1960s, seeking the re-organisation of Punjab on linguistic basis". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  5. ^ Grover, Verinder (1996). Encyclopaedia of India and Her States: Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Punjab, Volume 4. Deep & Deep. p. 578.
  6. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  7. ^ "Members: Lok Sabha". loksabha.nic.in. Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  8. ^ Jalal, The Sole Spokesman 1994, p. 23, 97.
  9. ^ Talbot, Pakistan: A Modern History 1998, p. 74.
  10. ^ Akali Dal – Sant Fateh Singh, a splinter group won 3 seats

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]