Shiromani Akali Dal
|Founded||14 December 1920|
|Headquarters||Block #6, Madhya Marg
Sector 28, Chandigarh
|Student wing||Student Organisation of India (SOI)|
|Youth wing||Youth Akali Dal|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|Alliance||National Democratic Alliance|
|Seats in Lok Sabha||
4 / 545
|Seats in Rajya Sabha||
3 / 245
The Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD), Punjabi: ਸ਼੍ਰੋਮਣੀ ਅਕਾਲੀ ਦਲ translation: Supreme Akali Party) is a Sikhism-centric political party in India. There are a large number of parties with the name "Shiromani Akali Dal". The party recognised as "Shiromani Akali Dal" by the Election Commission of India is the one led by Sukhbir Singh Badal. It controls Sikh religious bodies Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee and is the largest and most influential Sikh political party worldwide. The basic philosophy of Akali Dal is to give political voice to Sikh issues and it believes that religion and politics go hand in hand.
Akali Dal was formed on December 14, 1920 as a task force of the Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, the Sikh religious body. The Akali Dal considers itself the principal representative of Sikhs. Sardar Sarmukh Singh Chubbal was the first president of a unified proper Akali Dal, but it became popular under Master Tara Singh. The party launched the Punjabi Suba movement, demanding a state with majority of Punjabi speaking people, out of undivided East Punjab under the leadership of Sant Fateh Singh. In 1966, the present Punjab was formed. Akali Dal came to power in the new Punjab, but early governments didn't live long due to internal conflicts and power struggles within the party. Later, party strengthened and party governments completed full term.
Present political position
The current Punjab government is formed by Akali Dal in partnership with its regional and national ally Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). It has 59 members in Punjab Legislative Assembly and combined with 12 of BJP, forms a majority government. Akali Dal has absolute majority since 2015. Party patron and ex-president Parkash Singh Badal is the Chief Minister of Punjab and the party president Sukhbir Singh Badal is deputy-chief minister. The party has 4 members in the Lok Sabha. Party's main political opponent is Indian National Congress.In the recent Delhi Assembly elections it did not retain the one seat it held in 2013 elections.
Following is the list of presidents of the party as given on party website.
- Surmukh Singh Jhabhal
- Baba Kharak Singh
- Master Tara Singh
- Gopal Singh Kaumi
- Tara Singh Thethar
- Teja Singh Akarpuri
- Babu Labh Singh
- Udam Singh Ji Nagoke
- Giani Kartar Singh
- Pritam Singh Godran
- Hukam Singh
- Sant Fateh Singh
- Achar Singh
- Bhupinder Singh
- Mohan Singh Tur
- Jagdev Singh Talwandi
- Sant Harcharan Singh Longowal
- Surjit Singh Barnala
- Parkash Singh Badal
- Sukhbir Singh Badal
Punjab Chief Minister belonging to Akali Dal
- Gurnam Singh (8 March 1967 – 25 November 1967, 17 February 1969 – 27 March 1970)
- Lachhman Singh Gill (25 November 1967 – 23 August 1968)
- Parkash Singh Badal (27 March 1970 – 14 June 1971, 20 June 1977 – 17 February 1980, 12 February 1997 – 26 February 2002, 1 March 2007 – Present)
- Surjit Singh Barnala (29 September 1985 – 11 June 1987)
- "SOI Clash". Retrieved 25 April 2014.
- Service, Tribune News (8 October 2015). "SAD aims to widen reach, to contest UP poll". http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/punjab/sad-aims-to-widen-reach-to-contest-up-poll/132330.html. Retrieved 8 October 2015. External link in
- Pandher, Sarabjit (3 September 2013). "In post-Independence India, the SAD launched the Punjabi Suba morcha in the 1960s, seeking the re-organisation of Punjab on linguistic basis.". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
- "SAD wins Dhuri bypoll, gains majority in Punjab assembly".
- Harjinder Singh Dilgeer. Sikh Twareekh. Sikh University Press, Belgium, 2007. 5 volumes (Punjabi)
- Harjinder Singh Dilgeer. Sikh History. Sikh University Press, Belgium, 2010-11. 10 volumes
- Harjinder Singh Dilgeer. Shiromani Akali Dal (1920-2000). Sikh University Press, Belgium, 2001.