Şirvan, Azerbaijan

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For the historical region, see Shirvan.
For the district in Turkey, see Şirvan, Turkey.
"Əli Bayramlı", "Ali Bairamly", and other variations redirect here; for other places with that name, see Əli Bayramlı (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 39°55′55″N 48°55′13″E / 39.93194°N 48.92028°E / 39.93194; 48.92028

Şirvan
Şirvan
Official seal of Şirvan
Seal
Şirvan is located in Azerbaijan
Şirvan
Şirvan
Location of Şirvan
Coordinates: 39°55′55″N 48°55′13″E / 39.93194°N 48.92028°E / 39.93194; 48.92028
Country  Azerbaijan
City Shirvan
Government
 • Mayor Mardan Jamalov
Area
 • Total 72.7 km2 (28.1 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 12 m (42 ft)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 81,200
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)
Area code(s) +994 2121
Website http://www.shirvan-ih.gov.az

Şirvan (transliterated, Shirvan) is a city in Azerbaijan, located on the Kura River. The city forms one of the administrative divisions of Azerbaijan.

History[edit]

The city originated in the 19th century as the Russian resettlement village Zubovka, named in honor of Valerian Zubov, while it was known locally as Qarachukhar.[3] Throughout the history, Şirvan changed its name a few times. The city was called Zubovka prior to 1938, then was renamed Ali Bayramli from 1938 to 2008.[4]

The city was renamed to 'Şirvan' by the decision of the Parliament of Azerbaijan on April 25, 2008.[5][6] 'Shirvan' appears to be derived from Shī‎r (Persian: شیر‎, 'Lion').[7]

Throughout its history, Şirvan has suffered from floods because of its proximity to the river and the relatively low elevation of most of the town.[8]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

The summer months are typically dry and very hot due to Şirvan's semi-desert climate. The temperature can rise to 44 °C often resulting in moderate drought conditions. In contrast, winter is cool but not severe, rarely going below -6 °C.[9]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The municipality of Şirvan consists of the city of Şirvan and the municipalities of Bayramly, Chilpagly and Haji Gahramanly.[10] The mayor, presently Mardan Jamalov, embodies the executive power of the city.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Economy[edit]

Culture[edit]

Transport[edit]

Public transport[edit]

Şirvan has a large urban transport system, mostly managed by the Ministry of Transportation.

Education[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

The city's residents include: historian Farida Mammadova, footballer Samadagha Shikhlarov and dancer Oksana Rasulova.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ali Bayramli (Şirvan), Azerbaijan Page". Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  2. ^ World Gazetteer: Azerbaijan Archived June 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. – World-Gazetteer.com
  3. ^ "Russian encyclopedia: Ali Bayramly". dic.academic.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "Şirvana şəhər statusu verilməsinin 50 illiyi qeyd olundu". ctv.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  5. ^ Изменились названия двух городов Азербайджана Archived 2012-02-11 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ One of Azerbaijani Big Cities to be Renamed[dead link]
  7. ^ Heptner, V. G.; Sludskij, A. A. (1992) [1972]. "Lion". Mlekopitajuščie Sovetskogo Soiuza. Moskva: Vysšaia Škola [Mammals of the Soviet Union. Volume II, Part 2. Carnivora (Hyaenas and Cats)]. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation. pp. 82–95. 
  8. ^ "Over 40 schools suspend lessons due to floods in Azerbaijani region". en.trend.az. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan: Shirvan
  10. ^ "Sumqayıt İnzibati-İqtisadi Məhkəməsinin yeni binası". courts.gov.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 12 November 2014. 
  11. ^ "İcra hakimiyyətinin başçısı". shirvan-ih.gov.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 18 November 2014. 

External links[edit]