Shirvan State Reserve

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Shirvan State Reserve was established on the area of 177.45 km² of a part of Bendovan State Game reserve in 1969 for the purpose of protecting and increasing the number of water birds. The area of the reserve was expanded to 258 km² in 1982.[1]


The reserves is characterized by rich ornithological fauna. Water reserves account for 35 km² of the area. Rare and valuable birds nest and winter in the swampy areas. The largest part of the reserve was transferred to the Shirvan National Park in 2003, and the area of the reserve currently totals 62.32 km².[1]


The names of the reserve and national park are derived from the word Shī‎r (Persian: شیر‎‎, 'Lion'). The Asiatic lion used to occur in the Trans-Caucasus, before the end of the 10th century. A reason for its extinction here is that it was hunted by hunters, including 'shirvanshakhs', who were native to the Trans-Caucasus.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Ecotourism
  2. ^ Heptner, V. G.; Sludskij, A. A. (1992) [1972]. "Lion". Mlekopitajuščie Sovetskogo Soiuza. Moskva: Vysšaia Škola [Mammals of the Soviet Union. Volume II, Part 2. Carnivora (Hyaenas and Cats)]. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation. pp. 82–93. 

Coordinates: 39°36′02″N 49°07′38″E / 39.60056°N 49.12722°E / 39.60056; 49.12722