Shish Gumbad

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Shish Gumbad
Shish Gumbad, Lodhi Gardens, Delhi.JPG
Shish Gumbad at Lodhi Gardens
TypeTomb
LocationLodhi Gardens
Coordinates28°35′37.3884″N 77°13′12.6192″E / 28.593719000°N 77.220172000°E / 28.593719000; 77.220172000Coordinates: 28°35′37.3884″N 77°13′12.6192″E / 28.593719000°N 77.220172000°E / 28.593719000; 77.220172000
Built1489-1517 CE
Architectural style(s)Islamic & Hindu architecture
Governing bodyArchaeological Survey of India
& NDMC
OwnerGovernment of Delhi
Official name: Shish Gumbad
Designated9 Apr 1936
Reference no.N-DL-76
Shish Gumbad is located in Delhi
Shish Gumbad
Location of Shish Gumbad in Delhi

Shish Gumbad ("glazed dome"), also spelt Shisha Gumbad, is a tomb from the last lineage of the Lodhi Dynasty and is thought to have possibly been constructed between 1489 and 1517 CE.[1] The Shish Gumbad (glass dome) houses tombs of an unknown family that may have been a part of the Lodhi family and a part of Sikandar Lodi's court.[2][3][4][5] It is however believed by some historians that the tomb is of Bahlul Lodi (died 12 July 1489), who was chief of the Afghan Lodi tribe and founder & Sultan of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate,[6][7] though Ibrahim Lodhi's Tomb exists 100 kilometres (62 mi) away at Panipat city in Haryana state.[8][9][10]

Shish Gumbad is situated in the Lodhi Gardens in Delhi and the area where the tomb is situated was formally called village Khairpur.[11][12]

History[edit]

Exact date of construction of Shish Gumbad is not known. There are four monuments (tombs) in the Lodhi Gardens including the Shish Gumbad. The oldest of the four tombs is the tomb of Muhammad Shah (who belonged to the Sayyid dynasty). Shah's tomb was constructed in 1444 CE by Ala-ud-din Alam Shah. During the rule of Sikander Lodhi, the Bara Gumbad and adjacent mosque were constructed. Sikander Lodhi's tomb was built by Ibrahim Lodhi in 1517. The Shish Gumbad is said to have been constructed between 1489-1517 CE by Ibrahim Lodhi.[12][13]

Although some historians believe that the Gumbad is a tomb of Bahlul Lodi, who was the Sultan of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, the Shish Gumbad houses tombs of an unknown family that may have been a part of the Lodhi family[failed verification] and a part of Sikandar Lodi's court.[1][2][3][4][5]

Initially, all the monuments were built independently and were not in one confine. In early 20th century, a park was developed which was inaugurated by Lady Willingdon on 9 Apr 1936 bringing the four monuments in one confine.[12]

Construction[edit]

Constructed between 1489-1517 CE, the Shish Gumbad is constructed in square shape. Combination of bracket and lintel beams, the architecture is a blend of Islamic and Hindu architectures. Although the Gumbad has an external semblance of spanning in two floors, the structure made only in one floor. The western wall of the Gumbad consists of mihrab which also served as a mosque. The main chamber of the monument measures 10 square metres (108 sq ft).[14][15]

The ceiling is decorated with plaster work that contains Quranic inscriptions and floral designs. The monument was originally decorated with blue enamelled tiles that shined like glass. The Gumbad hence got its name "Shish Gumbad". The blue tile embellishment presently only remains on top of the main frontage in traces.

Location[edit]

The Shish Gumbad is located in and is a part of the Lodhi Gardens in Delhi, India. The village, where the monument stands was earlier called Khairpur. The garden is bounded by Amrita Shergill Marg in the West, North-West and North, Max MuellerMarg on the East and Lodhi Road on the South Side. Safdarjang Tomb is situated on South-West corner of the Lodhi Garden.

Picture gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Unknown Tomb". competentauthoritydelhi.co.in. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Who rests under that dome". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Tombs within Lodhi Gardens". Delhi information website. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Lodhi Garden attraction". Expedia. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Heritage of the Gumbads". Delhi: Unknown Tales of a City (Chapter 32). Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  6. ^ C.E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties, (Columbia University Press, 1996), 304.
  7. ^ "Ten sites in Delhi you must visit". Zee News. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  8. ^ Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi Archived 2008-05-14 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Ibrahim Lodi's Tomb
  10. ^ "The tale of the missing Lodi tomb". The Hindu. 4 July 2005.
  11. ^ "Alphabetical List of Monuments in Delhi". Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  12. ^ a b c "Important gardens" (PDF). New Delhi Municipal Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 December 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  13. ^ "Bara Gumbad". orientalarchitecture.com. Retrieved 15 October 2015.[unreliable source?]
  14. ^ "Bystanders of the past". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Lodhi Gardens, New Delhi". fiftyplustravels.com. Retrieved 15 October 2015.