|Coordinates (Shishou government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Urban||22.56 km2 (8.71 sq mi)|
|• County-level city||577,022|
| • Estimate |
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Shishou ([ʂɨ̌.ʂòu]; Chinese: 石首) is a county-level city under the administration of the prefectural-level city Jingzhou, in the south of Hubei province, near its border with Hunan province, and is located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. The Swan Islet Wetland of the Yangtze River in this area is the world's largest national natural reserve both for wild elks(Milu, or David Deer) and for Chinese river dolphins (finless porpoises). The Shishou City National Baiji Reserve for Chinese river dolphins is nearby. It shares its name with a stream flowing into the Yangtze River. In addition, the area enjoys convenient transportation, with an hour's drive from Yueyang East Railway Station on the Beijing-Guangzhou high-speed railway line (90 kilometers of expressway), and 70 kilometers from Jingzhou Railway Station on the Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu high-speed railway line. Moreover, Shishou boasts a diversified landscape, including mountains, hills, lakes, rivers, terraces and plains, as well as abundant resources such as rice, cotton, oil plants, eggs, fish, and lotus roots.
Shishou is in a subtropical monsoon climate zone with an abundant amount of light and heat energy and a long frost-free period. The city receives 1800–2000 hours of sunshine annually, with an annual average temperature of 15.9-16.6 ℃, 10 ℃ or higher accumulated temperature annually, an annual frost-free period of 242–263 days, and an average annual precipitation between 1100mm and 1300 mm. The climatic resources are sufficient for a large variety of crops to grow. Because of the climatic condition of hydro-thermal synchronization during agricultural production seasons, Shishou provides the optimal climate to grow a variety of crops between April and October (80% of the annual precipitation, 75% of annual solar radiation, and 80% of annual accumulated temperature that is greater than 10 ℃). The climate is particularly complex in the vicinity of 30 degrees north latitude. Situated far in the Inland, Shishou's climate is minimally affected by the sea, which contributes to its typical continental climate.
|Xiulin Subdistrict||绣林街道||Xiùlín Jiēdào||70587||35.9||4|
|Biheshan Subdistrict||笔架山街道||Bǐjiàshān Jiēdào||70068||56||11|
|Suburban and rural|
2009 Shishou incident
In June 2009, Shishou was rocked by violent protest after a man, Tu Yuangao, was found dead, supposedly due to suicide, outside the Yonglong hotel. The hotel is owned by a relative of Shishou's mayor. Tu, 24, was the hotel's chef. Fearing a cover-up, Tu's family refused to accept that his death was a suicide, and guarded his body while awaiting investigation. When police tried to forcefully remove Tu's body, local residents joined Tu's family, blocking the hotel entrance from the police. On June 19 a large number of local residents guarded the hotel, fighting with the police, including armed police. Confrontations between the police and residents continued outside the hotel, and on June 20, the municipal government began cutting internet connections in Shishou. On June 21, the police managed to break through the crowd and took Tu's corpse to a crematorium, apparently without giving the family the investigation it had requested.
- Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 66. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- 石首市历史沿革 [Shishou City Historical Development] (in Chinese). XZQH.org. 6 August 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- 2016年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码：石首市 [2016 Statistical Area Numbers and Rural-Urban Area Numbers: Shishou City]. National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
统计用区划代码 名称 421081001000 绣林街道办事处 421081002000 笔架山街道办事处 421081100000 新厂镇 421081101000 横沟市镇 421081102000 大垸镇 421081103000 小河口镇 421081104000 桃花山镇 421081105000 调关镇 421081106000 东升镇 421081107000 高基庙镇 421081108000 南口镇 421081109000 高陵镇 421081110000 团山寺镇 421081200000 久合垸乡 421081500000 天鹅洲开发区
- 行政区划 [Administrative Divisions] (in Chinese). Shishou People's Government. 9 November 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
- "City in central China rocked by violent riots: residents," Agence France-Presse, June 20, 2009.
- Oiwan Lam, "China: Mass incident sparked by a dead body," Global Voices Online, June 21, 2009.