The 2007 Census of Ethiopia lists 1,602 individuals as Upo (413 in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region (SNNPR) and 990 in the Gambela Region), which refers to the Shita people. However, the 1994 census records 271 members of whom 224 lived in the Oromia Region (mostly in the Mirab Shewa Zone), 38 in the SNNPR, and less than ten in either of the other Regions closest to Sudan.
- "Census 2007", first draft, Table 5.
- "The 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia" Archived 2008-12-07 at the Wayback Machine. (accessed 31 January 2009)
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- , Ethiopian Government Portal